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The 1954 French flap:

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October 3, 1954, Bergerac, Dordogne:

Reference number for this case: 3-oct-54-Bergerac. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.

Summary:

The regional newspaper La Nouvelle République for October 6, 1954, reported from his special correspondent André Euloge a quite extraordinary case that would have taken place in Bergerac in the Dordogne on October 1, 1954:

That day, around 10 p.m., Mr. Jean Defiz (in fact, Defix), 26, residing at 28 rue Louis-Belin, in Bergerac, a fitter in central heating, returned to his home by bicycle, by a narrow path of land along the railway line that goes from Bergerac to Agen. The night was dark and thick, without a light on the horizon.

Suddenly, just above his head, at high altitude, an intense glow came down "at a vertiginous speed", to the ground.

Mr. Defiz said:

"At the moment, I thought it was an oversized shooting star, however, I watched more carefully and noticed a rocket-shaped craft, colored with a greenish hue. I admit I was wrong not to have stopped to follow uts moves further."

He dropped his bicycle, quickly crossed his garden and climbed to his bedroom on the second floor of the house of Mr. Marius Marot, his tenant. Still impressed by what he had seen, he went mechanically to the window, leaned to pull the shutters towards him, and again, this time as coming out of the ground, the craft appeared to him, more fluorescent still than previously.

At the same time, a flow of air formed, surrounded him and seemed to be like grabbing him.

Stunned, staring at the craft, he saw under the half-spherical black dome, three crutches that folded slowly, while the craft rose in a hiss of air, faster and faster. And there was again the luminous trail; which was lost after a few seconds in the clouds.

Fearing mockery, he did not immediately tell what he saw. But the next day at breakfast, before going to work, he talked about his vision to his tenant Mr. Marot.

On the morning of October 2, 1954, Mr. Marot, who worked at the tobacco warehouse of Bergerac, then heard the confidences of an acqointance, Mr. Jean Labonne, 63, retired from the SNCF railway co, domiciled not far from Mr. Marot's home, at 18, rue Louis-Belin. Jean Labonne told him:

"It was about 10 p.m., I was alone at home, and came back from closing my gate when, when I reached the entrance to my garden that ran behind the house to the railway, I saw posed on a strip of land of 3 meters by 5 meters, a craft shaped like a mushroom. While the cap was dark, the body seems to be made of plexiglass, it was luminous, and then there in front of me, barely 3 meters away, seeming to forbid the path of my garden, a shadow."

"Who is there?" I shouted, "who are you, what do you want from me?" I did not dare to make a step."

"At the sound of my voice, the black shape turned back, slipped to the craft, and in a few seconds it rose to the sky, followed by a trail of light. I saw very clearly, under the dome, three crutches that folded."

"But my astonishment was not over yet. At dawn, I got up and returned to my garden near the place where I had seen the device. On the fat soil, I discovered three light footprints; but what disturbed me the most was a bloom of black-stalked, long-stemmed mushrooms, unknown in the region; which had suddenly grown. I did not dare to touch them, and besides, they dissipated like dew at the first rays of the sun."

The newspaper stated that this statement of Mr. Labonne, which was heard after Mr. Marot by Mr. Leonce Boyer, foreman of the tobacco warehouse, and the workers Mr. Denis Rivière and Mr. Emile Marty provoked hilarity. The laughter, as involuntary as it was, had the effect of provoking the immediate silence of Mr. Labonne, who subsequently refused to repeat his story.

On the 4th of October 1954, however, he spoke about it with his neighbor Mr. Defiz, whom Mr. Marot had informed of Mr. Labonne's sighting.

The newspaper indicated that the two testimonies made it possible to determine that it was Mr. Defiz who had to be the first to see the craft; which was about to land in the garden of Mr. Labonne.

During the few minutes that had elapsed until Mr. Defiz had reached his bedroom, the craft must have been seen by Mr. Labonne; then the take-off and the climb to the vertical toook place; which caused the blow of air reported by Mr. Defiz.

The newspaper noted:

"At present, Mr. Labonne's companions gave up their first impression. If it was indeed logical that the first statement of Mr. Labonne only lent a smile, the seriousness, the frankness, the weight of this man have been troubling people's minds, and Mr. Boyer, his boss, does not conceal that his skepticism is beginning to be seriously shaken."

The newspaper quoted Mr. Boyer:

"A man like Mr. Labonne, whom I have known for many years, cannot engage in such a joke, it is not in his character."

The newspaper insists that Mr. Labonne's visible discomfort and concern showed "that he does not want to make people admit a story worthy of the apocalypse."

"He dares not touching again this land where he saw the craft land, he is prey to a violent fear; which seems to intensify every day."

The newspaper described Mr. Defiz as a sporty young man with a straightforward, frank look who speaks clearly and directly, and who says:

"I served in the air force, I know what a jet plane, a balloon probe or even a radio-controlled rocket are, but in this case there can be no misintepretation. Flying saucer, flying cigar, that they come from Mars or elsewhere, does not matter, what I'm saying is that the craft was unusual and I never in my life had the opportunity to see a similar one."

The newspaper had published photos of the protagonists on the spot, one of which showed Jean Dufiz holding a sketch he did of the craft he said he saw:

Jean Labonne had sketched the famous mushrooms, but his sketch was not shown.

There was another, more basic publication, first in the Sud-Ouest newspaper for October 6, 1954 (according to Gérard Barthel and Jacques Brucker), and the same in the newspaper La Nouvelle République again, for October 11, 1954. These newspapers summed up the above facts, including:

At a certain moment, Jean Defix (now called Defix) and Jean Labonne went to the landing site indicated by Jean Labonne and saw on the ground "some imprecise traces, near which some twenty mushrooms of an unknown species had just grown, these mushrooms reportedly disappeared at the first glow of the sun."

The case was then summarized in many newspapers, then in the UFO literature. In 1979, Barthel and Brucker claimed that the case was a hoax, that there was "never mushrooms in Bergerac" because "there was no saucer"; they gave no explanations or reason for their statement. Jean Sider would say that Barthel and Brucker never spoke to Jean Defiz. He will publish the primary source, the first article from La Nouvelle République, and rightly pointed out that no one must have read it since no one said it was not just a landing, but a cloe encounter of the third kind.

In 1989, ufologists from the "Lumières Dans La Nuit" group came back to Barthel and Brucker's hoax claim. They said they met Jean Defix, still a firefighter in Bergerac, who confirmed their observation and sketched again the object with crutches and portholes he said he saw in 1954 (sketch below). The LDLN group notes that all the press of the time, as well as Barthel and Brucker who go so far as to thank a "Mr. Dufix", had used the erroneous spelling of his name, Dufix instead of Defix, although one just needed to go to the fire station as they did to find the correct name.

The various later sources brought nothing more, some like Michel Figuet noting that the case is a hoax according to Barthel and Brucker, others just giving resumes, with sometimes date errors, and frequent errors on the Defix name. In the CNEGU ufology magazine in 1998, there is no mention of a hoax, but it is said that the first phase of the observation was that of a meteor, that the object on the ground is a "UFO" but suspect because said to have been mushroom-shaped as if by chance, and that the mushrooms found on the site should be coprins, which darken quickly.

Reports:

[Ref. nr1:] "LA NOUVELLE REPUBLIQUE" NEWSPAPER:

THE ENTIRE FRANCE
TALKS ABOUT IT...
WHERE IS THE TRUTH?

A FLYING SAUCER
LANDS IN A GARDEN
in Bergerac

From our special envoy André Euloge

All France speaks about it! From the Saintonge to the Normandy, from the marches of the East to the sweet Provence, "saucers", "cigars" and other mysterious flying machines took possession of the sky of our country. Is it a strange psychosis propagated in the manner of a striking epidemic which makes the majority of the witnesses "see" the observed phenomena - they are now thousands - imaginary machines while others are the credulous toys of shameless mystifiers?

Here the film of the night of October 1. There, in the Louis-Belin street, in Bergerac, a mysterious machine appeared to MM. Defiz and Labonne. From left to right and from top to bottom, the attitudes of those who lived these moments.

1. On bicycle, Mr. Defiz returns from work: 10 P.M, , a gleam is visible in the sky.

2. It descends, taking the shape of a rocket.

3. It lands in Mr. Labonne's garden (marked with an arrow).

4. The machine lands on a strip of land, 3 meters out of 5 meters, (indicated by a circle).

5. In the morning, in edge of this piece of ground, mushrooms have grown.

6. Mr. Labonne, who is now in company of Mr. Defiz, has not recovered yet of his emotion.

7. As for Mr. Defiz, he remakes a drawing representing the silhouette of the machine.

8. Mr. Boyer and Mr. Marat, first of all skeptics, do not doubt the declarations of the two men anymore.

FLYING SAUCERS IN THE SUD-OUEST

Continued from page 1

ing on the railway. Two hours before this appearance, in the hamlet of Mauriéras [Sic, Mouriéras], community of Bugeat (the Corrèze), Mr. Mauzaud stated on his side to have been kissed by the space man.

It is still on a railway that this time close to Bergerac, a witness claims to have seen a mysterious "flying machine" on the ground.

A rocket with a greenish hue

Indeed, on October 1st, at aoubt 10 P.M., Mr. Jean Defiz, aged 26, living on 28, street Louis-Belin, in Bergerac, assembler in central heating, regains his residence. On his bicycle, by a narrow dirt track which skirts the railway which goes from Bergerac to Agen. The night is black, thick, without a light at the horizon. And suddenly, just above his head, at high altitude, an intense gleam goes down at a vertiginous speed towards the ground.

At the time, now specifies Mr. Defiz, I believed that it was a shooting star, however an inordinately large one. I then observed more attentively and I noticed a machine having the shape of a rocket. On three occasions it was coloured of a greenish colour. I was wrong, recognizes Mr. Defiz, not to have stopped to follow more of its evolutions.

Getting off his bicycle, he then quickly crosses his garden and goes up to his room located on the first floor of the house of Mr. Marius Marot, of which he is the tenant. Still impressed by this luminous vision, he spontaneously goes towards the window, leans to attract the shutters towards him, and again, this time like outgoing from the ground, the machine still appears more fluorescent to him than previously. In same time an air drainage is formed, surrounds him and seems like wanting to grab him.

Amazed, his eyes fixing the machine, he sees under the half-spherical black cupola, three crutches which fold up slowly, while the apparatus rises more quickly in a whistle of air, always more quickly. And again there is the luminous trail which is lost at the end of a few seconds in the clouds.

Mr. Defiz fearing the sarcastic remarks and the mockeries did not tell around his adventure. Only at the following day at breakfast, before going to work, he evoked his vision for his owner Mr. Marot. The latter did not think at this point, that he was going to be a few hours later the witness of an almost identical and even more upsetting confidence.

Mr. Marot works with the tobacco warehouse of Bergerac.

A black shape...

In the morning of October 2, one of his companions, Mr. Jean Labonne, aged 63, retired from S.N.C.F. [state railway company], domiciled not far from Mr. Marot, at 18, street Louis-Belin, take hims as confidant.

- It was 22 hours approximately. I was at home alone, and returned to close my gate when, arriving at the entry of my garden which extends behind the house up to the railway, I saw, posed on a strip of land of 3 meters by 5 meters, a machine having the shape of a mushroom. If the cap were of sunk colour, the body builds apparently out of plexiglass, it was luminous. And then there in front of me, within 3 meters hardly, appearing like forbidding to me the alley of my garden, a shade.

"Who is there? I shouted. Who are you? What do you want from me?" I did not dare to take a step.

Mushrooms

"At the sound of my voice, the black shape made a complete turn, slipped to the machine, and, in a few seconds, it rose towards the sky followed by a trail of light. I very clearly saw three crutches which folded up, under the cupola."

"But my astonishment therefore was not finished. At dawn, I woke up and returned in my garden close to the place where I had seen the apparatus. On the rich ground, I discovered three light prints; but what upset me more, is a flowering of black colour mushroms with long stems, unknown in the area, which had suddenly grown. I did not dare to touch, and besides, they dissipated like dew with the first rays of the sun."

Is it necessary to specify that this declaration of Mr. Labonne, who had as witness, after Mr. Marot, Mr. Leonce Boyer, foreman of the tobacco warehouse, and the workmen Mitsers Denis Rivière and Emile Marty, caused hilarity. These laughters, as involuntary as they were, caused the immediate silence of Mr. Labonne who refused thereafter to renew his account.

Manoeuvres of the craft

He was to speak about it only Monday October 4, during the morning with his neighbor Mr. Defiz whom Mr. Marot had informed of the vision of Mr. Labonne.

Testimonys of these two men make it possible to locate exactly the operation of this machine. It is, without doubt, Mr. Defiz who had to see it first whereas the apparatus was on the point of landing in the garden of Mr. Labonne.

During the few minutes which passed until Mr. Defiz gained its room, the machine appeared to Mr. Labonne. Then was the takeoff and the vertical ascencion, which caused this airflow that Mr. Defiz felt.

Fright

Currently, the companions of Mr. Labonne reconsidered their first impression. If it were indeed logical that the first declaration of M. Labonne made one smile, the serious character, the frankness, the balance of this man cast doubts in the minds. Mr. Boyer in particular, his chief, does not hide that his scepticism starts to be seriously shaken.

"A man like Mr. Labonne, whom I know since many years, cannot indulge in such pranks. It is not in his character."

Besides, it is enough to see Mr. Labonne, to detect his trouble, the concern which still invades his glances, to understand that he by no means makes a point of wanting to make admit a tale worthy of the apocalypse.

He does not dare to touch again with his finger this ground where he saw the machine landing. One feels he is the victim of a violent fear, which appears to intensify more each day.

As for Mr. Defiz, he is a young boy of sporting allure, with honest looks, direct, who speaks without hesitation, with precision and clarity.

"I served in the aviation, he says. I know what a jet airplane is, what a weather balloon or even a radio-controlled rocket are. But in the present case there cannot be any mistake. Flying saucer, flying cigar, whether they come from Mars or elsewhere, it does not matter. That of which I am positive, is that the machine was of a strange shape and that never in my life I had not had the occasion to see something similar."

A.E.

[Ref. le1:] "L'EST REPUBLICAIN" NEWSPAPER:

Scan

A BAKER FROM BRITTANY CLAIMS THIS:

"My Martian was not shaven and had eyes as large as a corbel's egg"

The daily chronicle of the "flying saucers" grows more and more. Each day, numerous newsbriefs report the passage of mysterious machines in this or that region. It remains to be learned whether the bad weather that the complacent meteorologists announce obligingly, will have an unspecified influence on the gracious evolutions of the ethereal visitors. It does not seem to be that way, so far.

To see a machine in the sky thus is nothing extraordinary any more and one could fear monotony if, fortunately, the "celestial pilots" didn't come from time to pay a short visit on the dry land and to bring with their height, their costume and their actions, more spice to the current controversies on the reality of the "saucers".

"He resembled a man"

In this field, the transitory ephemeral topicality is rightfully to be credited today to a modest bakery worker of Loctudy (the Finistère), Mr. Pierre Lucas.

Standing up early and well awaken, our man was going to get water in the court of the bakery Tuesday morning when, in the wavering gleam of a rainy dawn, he saw a machine of the shape of a saucer of 2 m. 50 to 3 m. in diameter, which stationed there stupidly. He would certainly not have cared that much about it, if he hadn't suddenly seen an individual come out of it!

"He measured 1 m. 20, resembled a man (sic) and approached me. Before I recovered from my surprise, he had tapped on my shoulder while articulating unintelligible words."

Mr. Lucas showed a remarkable coolness. "Come inside, we'll have a chat", he

Continued on p. 10 (1st and 2nd col.)

Scan

"My Martian was not shaven..."

(continued from the first page)

must have told him, for the unknown followed him in the bake house. There, one saw all the same a little more clearly and without shame the "Martian" let himself be contemplated.

It is still Mr. Lucas who speaks:
"He had an oval face, entirely covered of hairs and eyes of the size of a corbel's egg!"

The young man called his owner, but the unknown undoubtedly estimated that the interview had lasted long enough. By the time that Mr. Lucas goes into the staircase to alert his owner with cares, the man and the machine had disappeared. Too bad...

First thing thus learn until better information: the strangers that pilot the saucers have a human form, but the size of children, and apparently developed hair.

Confirmation is given to us by Mr. Henri Lehérisé, young farmer of Megrit (Côtes-du-Nord), whose gift of observation did not await the number of the years.

With much off-handedness, his own apparatus, whose diameter did not exceed one meter, was posed in the court of his farm. Two dwarves occupied it, motionless, impassive. They did not condescend to come out and engage the conversation.

Some saucers among others...

These two appearances obviously eclipse the "visions" of the day. Let us note however that the "saucers", threatened for a while by the barrels, balls, crescents and other cigars, launched a counter-attack of great style since there are now only talks of saucers.

The one in Saint-Brieuc let itself be contemplated during one hour; that of the surroundings of La Rochelle hovered in front of the farm of Mr. and Mrs. Guillenoteau, within one meter of the ground, in an impressive silence and the farmer noted oily traces in the grass.

In Lézignan, it was at the same time flying and giant: ten meters in diameter! Three meters only, the one that landed in the garden of Mr. Jean Labonne, in Bergerac, but on three crutches.

Lastly, the "saucers" cannot always be approached: that of Lésignan, again, wrapped Misters André Garcia and André Darzens of a bright gleam before disappearing. The one in Clermont-Ferrand literally nailed the witnesses who wanted to see it closely on the spot and released a strong nitro-benzene odor.

When the machine moved away, faintness ceased with the odor.

The good story of the poor fisherman

Odorous, coloured and inhabited, the "saucers" are also international. In Mantova, they passed in tight formations and one of them was detached from the group to make a small air carrousel show which lasted one hour... and blocked the traffic in the center of the city, the witnesses having gone down in the street for better seeing.

In Roverbella, finally, a poor fisherman entered in conversation with a "Martian", dressed in red, but they were unable to understand each other and his interlocutor disappeared when he saw the fisherman's woman appear. Mysoginic [mysogynic], perhaps...

[Ref. er1:] "L'ECHO REPUBLICAIN" NEWSPAPER:

Scan

The disturbing waltz continues...

Saucers in the French and Italian way

PARIS, 6. - Several Parisians said they saw yesterday afternoon flying saucers moving in the sky of the capital. Bystanders claimed to have seen one at 4:30 p.m., near the porte Dorée.

Mr. Pierre Allouis, cardboard reseller, was traveling in a cab for business when the vehicle was stopped by a red light. Hearing, he said, a shrill whistling sound, he looked through the window and saw a flying vehicle that fled in height, leaving behind a plume of smoke.

Mr. Allouis described the saucer as a disc larger than a normal plane and of silver color.

The same testimony is given by Mr. Gilbert Bason, residing 35, Faubourg St. Antoine, and Mr. Paul Julien, house painter, who lives 3, rue de la Pompe; the latter, however, believes that this is not a saucer but a flying wing that has the shape of a triangle with rounded edges.

BERGERAC, 4. - Mr. Jean Defix, fireman in Bergerac and Jean Labonne stated they have seen landing in the garden of the latter, a luminous disc about three meters in diameter, supported by three legs.

LEZIGNAN, 6. - Two residents of Lezignan Misters André Gardia and André Darsens, who were driving in a truck on the main road 3, said they saw a disc-shaped craft rise in a field between the village of Lagrasse and the hamlet of Villemagne (Aude).

The craft, they said, was about ten meters in diameter. Before they could approach it, it wrapped a bright glow and disappeared.

DINAN, 6. - In Mégrit (Côtes-du-Nord), a young farmer, Mr. Hen [missing part]

[...]oped MM. Andre and Andre Guardia Darsens of a glow before disappearing. The one in Clermont-Ferrand literally transfixed witnesses who wanted to see it up close and it emitted a strong smell of nitro-benzine.

When the craft moved away, the discomfort ceased like the smell.

Mr. Lehérissé claimed to have seen in the yard of his farm a craft of about 1 meter in diameter, within which appeared two human forms, motionless and the size of a child.


MYSTERIOUS CRAFT IN THE SKY IN SAINT-LUPERCE AND JANVILLE


see our information page 4

NEVERS, 6. - In Nevers, five inhabitants of Château-Chinon said they saw last night at high altitude, a kind of bright spot, which split in two discs. These, they say, began to turn while changing color several times.

DUNKIRK, 6. - A merchant of Dunkirk had, several days ago, reported seeing strange bright objects in the sky of Bray-Dunes. An investigation was opened. It concluded that they were two military airplanes whose metallic coating could have been misleading.

SAINT-BRIEUC, 6. - Several residents of Saint-Brieuc saw, last night, a flying saucer which took the shape of a cigar before disapea[...]

- CONTINUED ON THE LAST PAGE

The beautiful story of the poor fisherman

Fragrant, colorful and inhabited, the "saucers" are also international. In Mantua, they rose in tight formations and one of them broke off from the group to make a small air carousel number that lasted an hour... and blocked traffic in the center of the city, witnesses being in the streets to see better.

In Roverbella, finally, a poor fisherman entered into conversation with a "Martian" dressed in red, but they did not understand each other and his companion disappeared when the fisherman's wife came around. Misogynist perhaps...

[Ref. la1:] "L'ARDENNAIS" NEWSPAPER:

Finally! Paris had his saucers too!

A few days ago, a French radio broadcaster complained bitterly of the disdain that the "Uranids" and their heavenly vehicles were showing towards the capital. Only the inhabitants of the countryside seemed to interest the interplanetary travelers who approached them willingly and even tried to enter into conversation with them. Well, it was not an arbitrary privilege. Injustice is repaired. Paris, the big city, had its flying saucers!

Several Parisians have indeed said they saw, Tuesday afternoon, a craft moving in the sky. Passersby claimed to have seen one around 04:30 p.m., near the Porte Dorée.

Mr. Pierre Allouis, salesman in cardboard, went to his business by taxi, when the vehicle was stopped by a red light; Hearing, he said, a shrill whistling sound, he looked out of the door and saw a flying craft escaping high, leaving a plume of smoke in its wake.

Mr. Allouis describes the saucer as a disc bigger than a normal plane and silver. The same testimony is given by Mr. Gilbert Bacon and Mr. Paul Julien, a house painter. The latter, however, believe that it is not a saucer but a flying wing that affects the shape of a triangle with rounded edges.

At Le Bourget, it is explained that given the intensity of the air traffic, it is impossible to confirm by radar the passage of the craft at the insufficiently specified time. On the other hand, the radar cannot record the passage of a heavier than air more than by a bright spot regardless of the nature of the craft.

Finally! Paris had his saucers too!

(Continued from the first page.)

LEZIGNAN. -- Two inhabitants of Lezignan, Messrs. André Garcia and André Darzens, who were driving in a truck on the departmental road D3, claimed to have seen a disc-shaped machine land in a field between the village of Lagrasse and the hamlet of Villemagne (Aude).

The craft, they said, was about ten meters in diameter. Before they could get close, it surrounded them in a bright glow and disappeared.

BERGERAC. -- Mr. Jean Defix, firefighter at Bergerac, and Mr. Jean Labonne, said that they saw a luminous disk about 3 meters in diameter, supported by three crutches, in the garden of the latter.

DINAN. -- In Megrit (Côtes du Nord), a young farmer, Mr. Henri Leherissé, said he saw in the yard of his farm a craft with a diameter of about 1 meter, around which appeared two human forms, immobile and the size of a child.

NEVERS. -- In Nevers, five residents of Château-Chinon said they saw Monday evening, at very high altitude, a kind of bright spot that split into two discs. These, they say, began to turn by changing color several times.

DUNKIRK. -- A Dunkirk merchant had, several days ago, said to have seen strange luminous objects in the sky of Bray-Dunes. An investigation had been opened. It concluded that they were two military planes whose metal coating had been misleading.

CLERMONT-FERRAND. -- Two saucers were seen Tuesday in the sky of Clermont. The first 10 kilometers from Beaumont at 03:45 p.m. It was moving west-east. Witnesses testified that the craft got closer to them and became less and less brilliant.

When they were only 150 meters away, they felt a "curious sensation" and were nailed to the spot. At that moment there was a smell of nitro-benzene. Soon the machine moved away, the discomfort ceased, and the saucer disappeared.

The other saucer was sighted over the hills of Chanturgue, near Clermont. It was moving vertically and was bright white.

A saucer was also sighted in Billom by a group of 30 people. The craft was moving over the city. It was moving horizontally. It was visible for 3 to 4 minutes before disappearing. An intense light emanated from the craft.

SAINT-BRIEUC. -- Several residents of Saint-Brieuc saw, during the night of Tuesday to Wednesday, a flying saucer that took the shape of a cigar before disappearing. They could watch it for over an hour.

The same phenomenon was noted in Trégueux where a cyclist returned home frightened by what he had seen.

LA ROCHELLE. -- In the night from Tuesday to Wednesday, several people from Thouare-sur-Vie (Vendée) saw in the sky a dozen luminous objects having an elongated shape and passing at a very high speed and high altitude.

LA ROCHELLE. -- Mr. and Mrs. Guillemoteau were standing in front of their farm when they saw about one meter from the ground, a spherical saucer measuring 2 to 3 meters in height and 5 meters in diameter.

The machine, which produced no noise, stopped for a few minutes, then climbed vertically. Mr. Guillemoteau went to the place where he had seen the machine the next day and was able to note oily traces on the grass.

QUIMPER. -- Around 4 o'clock Tuesday morning, Mr. Pierre Lucas, baker worker in Loctudy (Finistère), who was busy drawing water from the bakery yard, suddenly saw in the night a craft of the shape of a saucer 2 m 50 to 3 m in diameter. He saw an individual about 1m20 come out of it and hit him on the shoulder while uttering unintelligible words.

The baker's worker managed to keep his cool and returned to the bakehouse where the stranger followed him. In the light, Mr. Lucas could stare at the visitor. His face was hairy and his eyes were the size of a raven's egg. The young man called his boss, but before he had time to go down, the stranger had disappeared as well as his saucer of which no trace was found.

A Concarneau beer merchant, for his part, said he saw in the sky two luminous discs of the shape of round tables prolonged by a kind of tail. One of the disks was motionless while the other was moving nearby. Both disks disappeared after ten minutes after having launching a rocket.

Italy does not stay on the sidelines of this invasion

MANTUA. -- The traffic was interrupted for more than an hour in the center of Mantua by groups of people gathered to observe a strange "white object" which, at a high height stood out clearly on the background of the blue sky.

After making extremely rapid maneuvers, the spherical machine - which according to some witnesses, was part of "a flying saucer formation" - remained motionless for some time in the sky, before disappear on the horizon.

On the other hand, the "Uranids" seem to want to visit the whole peninsula. Indeed, a fisherman from Roverbella, in the province of Mantua, said he was approached during the night by a a mysterious individual, dressed in red, who would have told him "unintelligible words" and who would have moved away quickly before the fisherman had time to call his wife.

Finally, a host of testimonials of saucers, disks, cigars, spheres and other flying objects having been seen in Quend (Somme), in Grandvillars (Belfort territory), in Magnac-Laval (Haute-Vienne), in Saint-Jean-d'Angely (Charente-Maritime), in Forges (Corrèze), in Perros-Guirrec (Côtes-du-Nord).

Finally, to a host of testimonials that may be doubted can be added some information such as the one we produce below, the indisputable seriousness of which leaves the most skeptical speechless.

MELUN. -- The Coulommiers newspaper, "Le Pays Briard", publishes a letter sent by one of their readers, Mr. Eugène Farnier, a member of the Society of Civil Engineers of France, about a flying saucer.

In this letter, Mr. Farnier states that he saw above his property, in Jouy-sur-Morin, a big disc of 8 to 10 meters in diameter "turning on itself", letting out red-violet gleams, with a tail reminding a little of the arrival of a jet plane. "The craft was about 400 meters above the ground and it was more above me for than 20 minutes," said Mr. Farnier, "so I had the opportunity to examine it well." The craft then disappeared in the direction of Coulommiers."

In his letter Mr. Farnier said: "Former Commissioner of the French Flying Club, having been in the aviation, I could not be a victim of hallucination. This machine was not a balloon but a thick wing hovering on the spot and moving at a very high speed while gradually taking height."

[Ref. nr2:] "LA NOUVELLE REPUBLIQUE" NEWSPAPER:

In the category: saucers, cigars and cylinders

In Bergerac, mysterious mushrooms push and disappear between the "feet" of a saucer!

Two witnesses fearing to have been victims of a simultaneous hallucination, had not dared to speak earlier about the strange vision than they had on Friday evening, October 1, at 10 p.m..

Mr Jean Dufix, fireman in Bergerac, returned at his place, when, looking up, he saw an extraordinary gleam in the sky. Returned at his place, he had the impression of a general flashover in the garden, he saw a machine rising from the ground: it had the shape of a disc, is said to have become luminous and it left at a vertiginous speed.

The next morning at a very early hour, Mr Dufix went to get his immediate neighbor Mr Jean Labonne, aged 61, pensioner, whom he asked whether he had not seen anything of extraordinary in his garden. After many hesitations, because he was afraid that people laugh at him, Mr Labonne, still under shock, totally confirmed the strange vision of Mr Dufix.

It was while going to close the door of his garden, at approximately 10 p.m., that he was suddenly frozen on the location by a mysterious shapre and that he saw between a peach tree and his arbour, in a not sown piece of ground, a luminous disc of approximately three meters of span, which seemed to rest on three crutches. Almost immediately, the machine took off from the ground and disappeared at a high speed.

The two men went to the site indicated by Mr Labonne and saw, on the ground, some vague traces near which came to grow a score of mushrooms of an unknown species. These mushrooms are said to have disappeared with the first gleams from the sun.

[Ref. pm1:] "PERIGORD MOUN PAIS" NEWSPAPER:

The note by Master Picatal

Saucers, rockets and cigars

WE NEED MYTHS

We live, it appears, in the century of lights. Science (with a capital S please) must provide for all and replace the old fetishes. I, I would agree. But what did I read in the "Nouvelle République" of Bordeaux for October 6? This, that I report to you while shortening it (and that is a shame for the subject is "rounded with relish"):

On October 1, Mr. Jean Defiz, 26 years old, assembler in central heating in Bergerac, was going back home around 11 p.m.. Black night, thick, without a light at the horizon. Suddenly, just above his head, at high altitude, an intense light goes down at a vertiginous speed towards the ground. It is not a shooting star, ensures Mr. Defiz, but a craft having the shape of a rocket which is coloured with three resumptions of a greenish colour. The eyes rivetted on the apparatus, Mr. Defiz sees under the half-spherical black cupola three crutches which slowly folded up while the apparatus, in a whistle of air, reaches height again and is soon lost in the clouds.

That is not bad already, but there is better. The following day, a neighbor retired of S.N.C.F. [national railway co], Mr. Jean Labonne, 63 years old, discovers in his garden, at 10 p.m., a luminous craft having the shape of a mushroom and built out of plexiglass (sic).

Let's hear Mr. Labonne:

"Suddenly, in front of me, within three meters hardly, appearing to block the alley of my garden to me, a shadow.

"Who is there? I shouted. Who are you? What do you want from me? I did not dare to take a step. At the sound of my voice, the black form made a half-turn, slipped to the machine and, in a few seconds, the craft rose towards the sky followed by a trail of light. I very clearly saw, under the cupola, three crutches which folded up. At dawn, I returned in my garden, close to the place where I had seen the craft. On the fatty ground, I discovered three light prints; but what upset me more, was unknown mushrooms, long of stem, of black colour, flowering in the area, which had suddenly grown. I did not dare to touch and besides they dissipated like dew with the first rays of the sun."

I remember that during a session at the House, around 1906, the unfortunate Rene Viviani (dead insane) declared in a beautiful manner (1) [1]: "We have extinguished in the sky lights which shall not be relight".

Viviani was wrong: something is re-ignited in the sky, but oh derision, they are... flying saucers!

Please don't tell me that in Bergerac like elsewhere where people of perfect good faith believe to have seen something in the sky, do not tell me, that these are simple phenomena of hallucination. The "thing" undoubtedly does not exist per se: it exists for the visionaries who need to believe in the fantastic.

Because, come on, what does one offer to Mr. Defiz or Labonne? A materialist civilization where the top of the top consists in having a car (myth of the mechanical power), or a fridge, or a television set (myths of the false comfort and false culture).

Very sorry, but that has nothing to do with the true civilization which, on the contrary, is founded on individual poverty and renouncement.

The only great highly civilized eras, I'm not telling anything new here, were thes Magdaledian, Egyptian, Greek and medieval eras. Why? Because men of these times, animated of a profound faith, had powerful reasons to hope.

What can we hope today when, according to the famous word of Nietzsche, "God is dead?" A car, and to sing:

At last I have a car (bis)
It's super how it's fast...

... or a democratic Vespa [2], unless it is a washing machine or a coffee grinder...

Very well, but satiety comes quickly from what one owns and which one can inventory, but the spirit remains dissatisfied.

This is why, in the absence of true miracles in a faithless century, we see the flying saucers thriving, the "Christ of Montfavet" [3], innumerable small churches ejusdem farinae [4], while waiting for a new blaze of catharism [5].

Man needs valuable myths and the sky is empty. Give us something else than flying saucers...

PICATAL
aka Léo MAGNE

(1) Editors note. -- Voici la péroraison de René Viviani, ministre du Travail du Cabinet Clemenceau (discours prononcé le 8 novembre [...] Here the peroration of Rene Viviani, Minister for Labour of the Clemenceau Cabinet (speech given on November 8 [...]

Notes:

[Ref. ss1:] "SAMEDI-SOIR" WEEKLY NEWSPAPER:

[...]

Must we go on?
Do we need to mention the furry being, bearing for it around the size a broad corset of orange color, seen close of a saucer by Mr. Narcy, in edge of the road of Wassy (Haute-Marne), October 5 with 7 a.m.. 15 of the morning?

Or also, the 96 centimeters man, carrying a broad leather belt, shoes and panties, which rose in the airs thanks to two boxes in the shape of pears, placed under each arm. This being was seen by Mr. Lacambre, forestry workman in Saint-Pardoux (the Lot), on Monday, October 4, at 8:10 a.m., and the witness has even determined from the footprints that the small being fitted shoesize 21 [Europe standard]...

What to think of the assertion of Mr. Garreau, who swears "on his honor" to have seen a "flying soup tureen" landed in his property, and two perfectly normal men get down of it, who shook hands with him and cuddled his dog before leaving as quickly as they came...

And this handworker of Lavoux (Vienna), Mr. Roger Barrault who, on Saturday October 9, at 7 p.m., was paralyzed by a luminous ray emanating from a "diver" high of 1 m. 50, fitted with boots, with shining eyes, and carrying a heavy moustache...

And the cigar posed in a clearing, in Diges in Yonne, near which Mrs. widows Gaffroy [sic, Geoffroy] saw a man, from the back, in combination and capped of a khaki bonnet...

And Mr. Jean Labonne, of Bergerac, who, on October 2, at 10 p.m., saw a metal mushroom in his garden. "Who's there?" he shouted when distinguishing a shade. "What do you want from me?" But the shade climbed in the mushroom which rose in the airs at an extraordinary speed.

Even in England which started to worry and almost become indignant that not the least saucer, not the least "cigar" or cigarillo, had made the honor of an appearance to the people which had won the battle of Trafalgar. This gap has been just been largely filled by the sensational revelations of an ornithologist, Mr. Cedric Allingham, who claims to have met, on February 18, in the north of Scotland, not a Martian, but a Venusian with whom he had a lengthy and difficult conversation!

This Venusian measured about 1 m 73, he short brown hair, and his skin seemed tanned. He was completely wrapped in a kind of combination which had the appearance of a armored coat. In his nose were two small tubes joined by a metallic wire... Mr. Allingham managed to touch the saucer whose metal was slightly warm, and he finally took the leave of Venusian, not without having offered him his pen, which the man carefully put in a pocket of his combination and after having taken on the run a photograph of the strange character. This rather fuzzy image is, it should be acknowledged, rather unrevealing. One sees the silhouette of a man seen from the back, walking slightly curved, and that, without a little imagination, could easily be matched with the silhouette of any earthman.

Lastly, with the latest news, it is a true avalanche of Martians that comes falling on our grounds.

In Pournoy La Chétive, in the Moselle, three children were roller skating, when a round machine, of 2.50 meters of diameter, lands close to them. A man left from there, holding in the hand a lit lamp which dazzled the children.

He was dressed of a black cassock "like that of our priest", and after having said some unintelligible words, he flew away in his saucer.

In the island of Oléron, for the first time, it was two Martian girls who put foot on the ground. It is Mr. Martin, a colonial teacher on holiday, who brings their description to us. They carried small boots and leather gloves, as well as brilliant helmets. They were extremely pretty and nicely agreed to sign an autograph to the teacher.

I would take a whole book to bring back all the cases in detail. But all these good people swear to god that they invent nothing. Their entourage echoes that. Him, to invent such a story? A family man known for his respectability... A boy who never drank any drop of alcohol in his life? Come on!

So what? Should it be concluded from this that they really saw strange beings, hairy, helmeted, in boots, speaking an incomprehensible language? Do we need to have faith to this story of mysterious green ray which paralyze human beings? Are their accounts, on the contrary, totally invented? Do they rest on a serious basis exaggerated thereafter?

Nothing, absolutely nothing in the current state of the collected information which was made available to the public allows to conclude in the sense of the authenticity. The investigations were led as if it were a question of "checking" the statements of the witnesses and not in the spirit to eliminate all the assumptions leading to plausible and relatively simple explanations. These assumptions are numerous, they go from the joke to the hallucination not to mention the optical illusion. To eliminate them, one would need extremely thorough police information, doubled, in all the cases, of a thorough psychological investigation.

Then only the facts would remain, logically unexplainable, which would constitute the true file on the Martians. One would then notice that this file is extremely thin, if not non-existent, and that in this business, there is much, far too much, literature.

[Ref. jg1:] JIMMY GUIEU:

Jimmy Guieu indicates that on October 6, 1954 a UFO landed in Bergerac, observed by two men.

The craft was a kind of luminous greenish spindle which rested on three crutches. It remained little time on the ground and took off vertically. A violent air drainage followed which brutally whipped the witnesses.

Weird traces resembling blackish mushrooms remained during a few minutes then slowly disappeared on the surface of the ground.

[Ref. am1:] AIME MICHEL:

Aimé Michel seems to place the case at October 3, 1954, adding that it could not obtain the exact hour of the observation.

He evokes that the observed phenomenon was "a circular machine three meters in diameter" which landed in the garden of Mr. Jean Labonne who saw it flying away, while a "fireman of the city, Mr. Jean Defix, was also a witness."

Michel also noted that for the cases he knew for September 30 and October 1, 1954, ther were several hiundreds testimonies, of which 2/3rd did not have a sure date.

[Ref. mc1:] "MICHEL CARROUGES":

Michel Carrouges indicates that in the Labonne observation the saucer landed in the court or the garden where the witness was.

[Ref. jv5:] JACQUES VALLEE:

202 -000.48402 44.85150 03 10 1954 BERGERAC -DORDOGNE F 0012 2C** 220

[Ref. jv1:] JACQUES VALLEE:

176) October 1st, 1954, 10:00 p.p., Bergerac (France):

Returning home, fireman Jean Dufix, 26, saw an oval light in the sky and thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disk rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne, 61, saw the disk, 3 m in diameter, resting on three legs in the yard. (P 31)

[Ref. ou1:] "OURANOS" UFOLOGY MAGAZINE:

The magazine listes the distances at which witnesses were "paralyzed" by a UFO, including:

10/01/1954 in Bergerac - Me. Jean Labonne at 3 m.

[Ref. jv3:] JACQUES VALLEE:

October 1st, 1954, 10:00 p.p., Bergerac (France):

Returning home, fireman Jean Dufix, 26, saw an oval light in the sky and thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disk rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne, 61, saw the disk, 3 m in diameter, resting on three legs in the yard. (Le Figaro, 6 Oct. 1954; France-Soir, 7 and 8 Oct. 1954)

[Ref. jv2:] JACQUES VALLEE:

The author indicates that on October 1, 1954, whereas he was returning at his place in the night, a fireman of Bergerac saw an oval light in the sky, then lost sight of it. But later he had a moment of fear: his courtyard seemed on fire. He run outside and saw a disc leaving the ground with a whistle. The object flew away up to moderated height, then became luminous and rose at "a dazing speed". Early on the next day, he asked his neighbor, a pensioner, if he had not observed something unusual. The neighbor, reluctantly, admitted that whereas he was closing the door of his garden, he had suddenly been paralyzed and had observed a disc of approximately 3 meters in diameter posed on three legs in the courtayrd. Almost immediately, it had flown away with a draught and he had lost sight of it.

[Ref. gl1:] CHARLES GARREAU AND RAYMOND LAVIER:

The two authors indicate that according to newspaper clips and their personal file, in Bergerac in the Dordogne, on October 3, 1954, at approximately 10 p.m., Jean Defix and Jean Labonne regained their residence in an external district of the city when they saw a craft of approximately 3 meters in diameter posed in a garden on three crutches. Two minutes later, the machine took off in the most complete silence. They note that this information is brief

[Ref. pr1:] PETER ROGERSON - "INTCAT":

350 1 October 1954 2200 hrs

BERGERAC (FRANCE) Returning home fireman Jean Dufix (26) saw an ovel light in the sky & thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disc rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbour Jean Labonne (61), saw the disc 3m diameter, resting on 3 legs in the yard. (Ml76; Figaro 6 Oct 1954: France-Soir 7 Oct 1954: ibid. 8 Oct 1954: Michel II, 130)

[Ref. jv4:] JACQUES VALLEE:

Jacques Vallée indicates that on October 1, 1954, at 10:00 p.m., in Bergerac, the Dordogne, returning home, fireman Jean Dufix, 26, saw an oval light in the sky and thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disk rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne, 61, saw the disk, 3 m in diameter, resting on three legs in the yard.

[Ref. bb1:] GERARD BARTHEL AND JACQUES BRUCKER:

Barthel and Brucker wrote that the case was a hoax. They rename Jean Defiz "Jean Dufix" and claim there was "never any mushrooms" in Bergerac because there was no saucer, but they do not substantiate the claim of a hoax whatsoever.

They quote this report as coming from the newspaper "Sud Ouest" for October 6, 1954:

"In the heading: saucers, cigars and cylinders. In Bergerac, mysterious mushrooms grow and disappear between the 'feet' of a saucer! Two witnesses fearing to have been victims of a simultaneous hallucination, had not dared to speak earlier about the strange vision than they had Friday evening 1st of October, at 10 p.m.. Mr Jean Dufix, fireman in Bergerac, returned home, when, while looking up, ge saw an extraordinary gleam in the sky. Returned home, he had the impression of a general flashover in the garden, he saw an apparatus rising off the ground; the latter having the shape of a disc, is said to have become luminous and left at a vertiginous speed. The nest day morning very early, Mr Dufix went to find his immediate neighbor Mr Jean Labonne, aged 61, pensioner, and asked him whether he saw anything extraordinary in his garden. After many hesitations, as he was afraid to be scoffed at, Mr Labonne, still shaken, point by point confirmed the strange vision of Mr Dufix. It is while going to close his garden's door, at about 10 p.m., that he was suddenly nailed on the spot by a mysterious shape and he saw between a peach tree and its arbour, in an unsown part, a luminous disc of approximately three meters of wingspan, which seemed to rest on three crutches. Almost immediately, the machine took off the ground and disappeared at a high speed. The two men went to the site indicated by Mr Labonne and saw on the ground, some vague traces close from which came to grow a score of mushrooms of an unknown species. These mushrooms are said to have disappeared at the first gleams of the sun."

[Ref. fr1] MICHEL FIGUET AND JEAN-LOUIS RUCHON:

The two ufologists indicate that on October 3, 1954 at 10 p.m. in Bergerac, Jean Defix, aged 26, fireman, returns home and sees an oval light in the sky and thinks that it is a shooting star. Later, he is frightened when he sees its yard set ablaze. He rushes outside again and sees a disc rising ground with a whistling sound. It goes up, becomes luminous and disappears at a fantastic speed.

A neighbor, Jean Labonne, aged 61, saw the disc resting on three feet in the yard.

The authors indicate that the sources are the Vallée catalogue, case 176; Quincy; C. Garreau and R. Lavier in "Face aux ET" page 74; Aimé Michel in "A propos des S.V." page 164.

They note that Garreau tells that the craft took off in total silence, that Jacques Vallée dates the case at October 1st, that Michel, Quincy and Garreau give the date of the 3rd.

[Ref. mf3:] MICHEL FIGUET:

Nr of the J. C. Fumoux list Nr of Francat list Localization Date Class Credibility Sources Number of W
027 118 Bergerac 10/01 CE2 E 4-p. 121 123 2 W

[Ref. mf1:] MICHEL FIGUET:

CASE Nr CLASSIFICATION DATE HOUR PLACE ZIP CODE CREDIBILITY SOURCE
118 CE2 10 02 1954 10 p.m. Bergerac 24 E canular 10/1 B-B

[Ref. mf2:] FRANCAT - MICHEL FIGUET:

CASE Nr CLASSIFICATION PLACE CREDIBILITY SOURCES
10. 02. 1954 Bergerac hoax reported by B.B. in "La grande peur martienne" p. 121.

[Ref. ld1:] "LUMIERES DANS LA NUIT" UFOLOGY MAGAZINE:

2. Bergerac (Dordogne), le 3 octobre 1954. Version Barthel & Brucker: p. 121... M. Jean Dufix, pompier à Bergerac ... Monsieur Dufix alla trouver son voisin... l'étrange vision de Monsieur Dufix... il n'y a pas eu d'objet... Version LDLN : Nous avons rencontré M. Jean Defix, pompier à Bergerac, qui nous a confirmé son observation et a dessiné pour nous l'objet avec béquilles et hublot qu'il vit en 1954. Toute la presse de l'époque (et B&B) ont repris l'orthographe fautive de son nom (Dufix au lieu de Defix), qu'un simple passage à la caserne des pompiers nous a permis de rectifier. A la page 222 de leur livre B&B remercient un certain M. Dufix, qui est probablement un personnage imaginaire. (Aimé Michel avait donné l'orthogra phe correcte: Defix).

[Ref. lg1:] LOREN GROSS:

The "shooting star" that landed.

It was getting late (10:00) the evening of October 1st as French fireman Jean Dufix returned to his home in Bergerac. A streak of light lit up the heavens and M. Dufix thought for a moment he was witnessing a shooting star, but this object was close, too close, in fact it appeared the "meteor" had impacted in his own backyard since a red glow illuminated the area. As a fireman M. Dufix's immediate impression was that his property was ablaze.

A neighbor, M. Jean Lebonne [sic], evidently attracted by all the light, peered out a window and saw a strange, disc-shaped, object about three meters in diameter, "parked" in M. Dufix1 s yard. The thing was motionless, resting on three legs. M." Dufix quickly arrived, on the scene and saw for himself the mysterious object. The UFO did not stay long. It soon rose, became luminous again (it had apparently lost its glowing appearance when it touched down) and shot away at a fabulous velocity. 9.

  • Paris, France. Le Figaro. 6 October 54.

[Ref. lg2] LOREN GROSS:

Bergerac, France, (no known hour)

A ten foot wide luminous disc was reported on the ground by two people near Bergerac. The object had three "legs," or what one might call landing supports. No figures were noted in the vicinity. 50.

  • 46. Michel, Aime. "Flying Saucers in Europe." Fate. December 1957. Vol.10, No.12. Issue #93. ed. Mary Fuller. Evanston, Ill. p.34. (press account quoted)
  • 47. Ibid, p.35.
  • 48. Ibid, p.37.
  • 49. Ibid.
  • 50 Ibid.

[Ref. js1:] JEAN SIDER:

Jean Sider wrote a precise chronology of the case, based on the Nouvelle République newspaper, much more correct than the others. Also and noteably, he provides the newspaper account in the newspaper La Nouvelle République, which others seem to have missed.

Jean Sider notes that Barthel and Brucker never talked on the phone to the witness Jean Defiz, contrarily to what they wrote.

[Ref. js2:] JEAN SIDER:

Ufologist and author Jean Sider wrote on the case of October 1, 1954, at 10:00 p.m., in Bergerac, the Dordogne.

He indicates that the witnesses are Jean Labonne, 63 years old, 18 rue Louis Belin, and Jean Defix, 26 years old, 28 rue Louis Belin, in Bergerac.

He indicates that returning home by bicycle, Mr. Defix was almost arrived when he suddenly saw a green gleam in the sky which went down towards the ground at a vertiginous pace.

It was a machine in the shape of a rocket; which landed in Mr. Labonne's garden, not far from the house of Mr. Marot where Mr. Defix resided.

Mr. Defix decided to see what it was about by going up on the 2nd floor of his home from where the sight was better. Meanwhile, Mr. Labonne came outside his place in order to closing his gate and he saw the machine posed on the ground. He foresaw a black shape three meters of it.

He shouted: "Who are you? What do you want from me?", but the intruder did not answer and regained his machine which took off immediately.

At this precise time, Mr. Defix, who had just opened the shutters of his room on the 2nd floor, saw the apparatus rising, like fluorescent, while a whistling sound was heard and that an air blow was formed, surrounding him, as if it wanted to grab him.

He had time to notice that under the hemispherical black cupola were three crutches which folded up slowly, then in a few seconds, the apparatus was lost in the clouds after having left a luminous trail.

At dawn, Mr. Labonne stood up to go to see whether traces of the event remained on the landing site. He noted three slight prints on the fatty ground of his garden, and a great number of mushrooms of black colour and long stems, unknown in the area, growing on the landing site.

He did not dare to touch them, and besides, they dissipated like dew at the first gleams of the sun.

Mr. Labonne told his story to Mr. Marot, owner of Mr. Defix, to Léonce Boyer, Denis Rivière and Emile Marty; which started general hilarity and muted the ulcerated witness.

But on October 4, Mr. Defix met Mr. Labonne because his owner Mr. Marot had told him of the events, and when the scoffers were informed of the experiencet lived by Mr. Defix, they changed opinion quickly.

Jean Sider indicates that this comes from an investigation by Mr. André Euloge, special correspondent, published in the newspaper La Nouvelle République, of Bordeaux, for October 6, 1954, p. 1, 3, and 4.

He notes that it is the only source telling of a CE3, and that the case is remarkable for the landing and the takeoff of the UFO were observed by two witnesses one without the knowledge of the other.

He adds that Barthel and Brucker, who never met Mr. Defix nor spoke to him on the telephone as opposed to what they claim, thus rejected a very important case without even knowing all the details it had.

[Ref. jh1:] JIM HICKMAN:

On Oct. 1, 1954, In Bergerac, France. Returning home, fireman Jean Dufix, 26, saw an oval light in the sky and thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disk rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne, 61, saw the disk, 3 m in diameter, resting on three legs in the yard.

[Ref. cn1:] GROUPE D'UFOLOGIE "CNEGU":

The explained cases of Francat:

[... other cases...] 10/02/54 [sic]: Bergerac (24) [... other cases...]

[Ref. me1:] "LES MYSTERES DE L'EST" UFOLOGY MAGAZINE:

See also the case of 10/01/54 at 10:00 p.m. in Sud-Ouest for October 6, 1954, which titled "In Bergerac, mysterious mushrooms grow and disappear between the "feet" of a saucer". La Nouvelle République of Bordeaux devotes two pages to this observation in two phases, the first of which is a meteor. Remains for the second phase a possible UFO but precisely mushroom-shaped.... Twenty mushrooms discovered seem to be coprins quickly becoming black. By looking well you may find others...

[Ref. kb1:] KEITH BASTERFIELD:

The Australian ufologist indicates that on 1 October 1954, in Bergerac, France, "a man was closing a gate when he was paralysed. He saw a disk, of some 3m diameter, resting on three legs, on the ground. It took off."

The source is indicated as "Bowen, C. 1969. The Humanoids. Neville Spearman. London. p34".

[Ref. lh1] LARRY HATCH - "*U* COMPUTER DATABASE":

3898: 1954/10/01 22:00 15 0:29:00 E 44:52:00 N 3333 WEU FRN DRD 8:7

BERGERAC,FR:2 MEN:3M SCR/TRIPOD RISES/YARD W/WHISTLING RUSH/AIR:/LDLN#102+/r8

Ref#217 Jean SIDER: Le DOSSIER 1954 (2 vol.) Page No. 178 : FARMLANDS

[Ref. go1] GODELIEVE VAN OVERMEIRE:

Godelieve van Overmeire indicates that on October 1, or 3, 1954, in France, in Bergerac, in the Dordogne, at "10 p.m.. Returning home, a fireman, Jean Dufix (aged 26), saw an oval light in the sky and thought that it was a shooting star. Later, he was frightened when he saw the yard of his home entirely set ablaze. Rushing outside again, he saw a disc which rose from the ground with a whislting sound. It went up, became luminous again and disappeared at a vertiginous speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne (aged 61), had seen the disc, 3 meters in diameter, resting on 3 feet in the yard".

The sources are indicated as "Le Figaro, Oct. 6, 1954; France-Soir, Oct 7 and 8, 1954; "Historia" special issue #46 in 1976: Les soucoupes volantes, p. 42, extr. from: Jacques Vallée: "Chronique des apparitions ET" - DENOEL 1972 - J'AI LU COLL. - p. 264 who gives the date of 10/1/54; Michel, Quincy and Garreau give the date 10-3-84."

[Ref. dj1:] DONALD JOHNSON:

On this Day

October 1

[...]

1954 - Returning home from work in Bergerac, France fireman Jean Dufix, age 26, saw an oval light in the sky at 10 o'clock. He first took it to be a shooting star, but later he was alarmed when his yard looked to be ablaze. Rushing outside, he saw a disc rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and then shot off at a fantastic speed. His neighbor, Jean Labonne, age 61, also saw the disc resting on three legs in the yard. They estimated the disc was three meters (10 feet) in diameter. (Sources: Le Figaro, October 6, 1954; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia: A Century of Landings, p. 214).

[Ref. jb1:] JEROME BEAU:

Jerome Beau indicates that on Friday October 1, 1954, at 22 hours "in Bergerac (France), Jean Dufix" "26 year-old, fireman", "returns home when he sees 1 oval light in the sky which he takes for a shooting star, and he loses his sight. Later, he has a moment of fear: the yard of his house seems set ablaze. He rushes outside and sees 1 disc rising from ground with a whistling sound. The object flies away up to a moderated height, then becomes again luminous and leaves at a dazing speed. Early the next day, he would ask his neighbor" "Jean Labonne, 61 year-old, retired" "whether he did not make an unusual observation. The latter, with reserve, admits that whereas he closed again the door of his garden, he was suddenly paralysed and saw a disc approximately 3 m in diameter, posed on 3 feet in the yard. Almost immediately, it flew away with a draught and he lost sight of it."

The sources are indicated as "Le Figaro, 6 October 1954"; "France-Soir, 7 and 8 October 1954"; "Vallée, J., case #38, 'Rapport sur l'analyse de 200 observations documentées faites en 1954'".

[Ref. lc1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates that in the Dordogne in Bergerac on October 1, 1954, at 22:00 hours, the first testimony is: "The first witness, 26 year-old, assembler in central heating, goes back home. By bicycle, by a narrow dirt track he skirts the railway which goes from Bergerac to Agen. The night is black, thick, without a light at the horizon. And suddenly, just above his head, at high altitude, going down at a tremendous speed towards the ground an intense gleam. At the time he specifies, I believed that it was about an inordinately large shooting star however. I then observed more attentively and I noticed a craft in the shape of a rocket. Three times it was coloured of a greenish colour. The witness stops to better follow the maneuvers of the object. Puttind down his bicycle, he then quickly crosses his garden and goes up to his room located on the first floor of the house. Still impressed by this luminous vision, he automatically goes towards the window, leans to grab the shutters towards him, and again, this time on the ground, the craft appears still more fluorescent to him than previously. In the same time an air drainage is formed, the environment seems like it wanted to grab him. Amazed, his eyes focused on the craft, he sees under the half-spherical black cupola, three crutches which are folded up slowly, while the apparatus rises in a whistle of air more quickly, always more quickly. And there is still a luminous trail which is lost at the end of a few seconds in the clouds."

The second testimony is: "The second witness, 63 year-old, retired S.N.C.F. [national railway co.], domiciled not far from there, tells: - It was 22 hours approximately. I was alone at home, and went out to close my gate when, arrived at the entry of my garden which extends behind the house until the railway, I saw, posed on a strip of land of 3 meters out of 5 meters a craft having the shape of a mushroom. Whereas the cap was of sunk colour, the body builds apparently out of plexiglass, it was luminous. And then there in front of me, at 3 meters hardly, appearing like if it forbad the alley of my garden to me, a shade. Who is there? I shouted. Who are you? That do you want from me?" I did not dare to take a step. At the sound of my voice, the black form made a half-turn, slipped to the machine, and, in a few seconds, the latter rose towards the sky followed of a trail of light. I saw very clearly, under the cupola, three crutches which were folded up. But my astonishment was not finished. At dawn, I stood up and returned in my garden close to the place where I had seen the apparatus. On the fatty ground, I discovered three light prints; But what upset me more, was that black coloured, longstemmed and unknown mushroom flowered the area, which had suddenly grown. I did not dare to touch, and besides, they were dissipated like dew at the first rays of the sun."

The source is said to be my website at "http://ufologie.net".

[Ref. ud1:] "UFODNA" WEBSITE:

The website indicates that on 1 October 1954 at 22:00, in Bergerac, France, "returning home from work in Bergerac, France fireman Jean Dufix, age 26, saw an oval light in the sky at 10 o'clock. He first took it to be a shooting star, but later he was alarmed when his yard looked to be ablaze. Rushing outside, he saw a disc rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and then shot off at a fantastic speed. His neighbor, Jean Labonne, age 61, also saw the disc resting on three legs in the yard. They estimated the disc was three meters (10 feet) in diameter."

"Returning home, fireman Jean Dufix, 26, saw an oval light in the sky and thought it was a shooting star. Later he was alarmed when his yard seemed to be ablaze. Rushing out again, he saw a disk rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and took off at fantastic speed. A neighbor, Jean Labonne, 61, saw the disk, three meters in diameter, resting on three legs in the yard."

"An object was sighted that had an appearance and performance beyond the capability of known earthly aircraft. One saucer, about 10 feet across, was observed by two male witnesses on a farm."

The sources are indicated as Bowen, Charles, The Humanoids: FSR Special Edition No. 1, FSR, London, 1966; Vallee, Jacques, Computerized Catalog (N = 3073); Vallee, Jacques, A Century of Landings (N = 923), (in JVallee04), Chicago, 1969; Hatch, Larry, *U* computer database, Author, Redwood City, 2002.

[Ref. pr2:] PETER ROGERSON:

October 1 1954, 2200hrs.

BERGERAC (DORDOGNE : FRANCE)

Fireman Jean Deafix was cycling to his apartment in Rue Berlin, along the track by the railway line, when he saw an intense light, which resolved itself into a fusiform object emitting three green flashes, descending at dizzying speed. He got home and was about to close the shutters when he observed the object again, emitting an intense light, much closer, apparently taking off from the ground. As he watched he saw a tripod landing gear retract on the underside of the hemispherical object. As this object took off it left a vacuum into which air rushed, almost pulling him forward. There was a whistling sound and the object took off into the clouds.

Next day he told his landlord, Marius Marot, with whom he lived, about the incident. Later that day Mr Marot’s neighbour, retired railwayman Jean Labonne, told Marot that at the same time as Deafix’s experience, he Labonne had gone to close the garden gate to the railway, when he caught sight of a mushroom shaped object on a piece of ground, 3m by 5m. The upper part was dark; the body of the object resembled Plexiglas and was luminous. Then, no more than 3m away, a shadowy figure stood up blocking Labonne’s path. He yelled out to the stranger, asking him who he was and what he wanted. The figure did not reply but turned around and walked back to the object, which took off seconds later leaving a luminous trail. Labonne saw the three landing legs being retracted. After a sleepless night Labonne went to investigate the site at dawn, where he found three slight impressions, and that strange, black, long-stemmed mushrooms had grown up overnight. He did not dare touch them and they volatised at the first rays of the sun.

Alain Gamard, citing J. Giraud, citing Rene Sampson and local press.
Vallee case 176, citing Figaro 6 October 1954 + France Soir 7 and 8 October 1954.
Michel 1958 p.130 (gives date as 3rd)

[Ref. jg1:] JULIEN GONZALEZ:

The author indicates that there was a close encounter of the 3rd kind in Bergerac, in the Dordogne, on October 1, 1954, at 10:00 p.m.

Jean Defix, 26, returned home on a bicycle and had almost arrived when suddenly he saw a green gleam in the sky which went down towards the ground at a vertiginous pace. It was a craft in the shape of a rocket which landed in Mr. Labonne's garden, not far from Mr. Marot's house where Mr. Defix resides. The latter decided to check what it was from the second floor of his home from where the sight was better.

Meanwhile, Jean Labonne, 63, had left his home in order to closing his gate and saw the machine posed on the ground and glimpsed at a a black form within three meters of him. He shouted: "Who are you? What do you want from me?" But the intruder did not answer and regained its machine which took off immediately.

At this precise time Mr. Defix, who had justopened the shutters of his bedroom of the second floor, saw the apparatus rising, like fluorescent, while a whistling sound was heard and a gush of air formed, around him, as if to grabbing him. He had time to notice under the hemispherical black cupola, three crutches which were folding up slowly. Then in a few seconds, the machine was lost in the clouds after having left a luminous trail.

The next morning, Mr. Labonne went on the landing site to see if there were traces. On the fatty ground of his garden, he noted three slight prints, and astonishing thing, a great number of mushrooms of black colour and long stems, unknown in the area, which had grown on the landing site. He did not dare to touch them, and they dissolved besides like the dew in the first gleams of the sun.

The sources are indcated as La Nouvelle République, of Bordeaux, for October 6, 1954; Jean Sider in Le dossier 1954 et l'imposture rationaliste, pages 178-179.

[Ref. ni1:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

*Oct. 1, 1954 - Returning home from work in Bergerac, Dordogne department, France fireman Jean Dufix, age 26, saw an oval light in the sky at 10 o'clock. He first took it to be a shooting star, but later he was alarmed when his yard looked to be ablaze. Rushing outside, he saw a disc rise from the ground with a whistling sound. It flew off, became luminous again, and then shot off at a fantastic speed. His neighbor, Jean Labonne, age 61, also saw the disc resting on three legs in the yard. They estimated the disc was three meters (10 feet) in diameter. (Sources: Le Figaro, October 6, 1954; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia: A Century of Landings , p. 214, case 176).

*Oct. 2, 1954 - At 10:00 p.m. in Bergerac, Dordogne department, France a luminous mushroom-shaped object was seen in the garden by J. Labonne, who described it as "constructed of plexiglass." Three meters away moved a short shadowy figure that "slid over to the machine." The object rose into the sky, leaving behind a luminous trail. There were three imprints found in the ground and some black mushrooms. (Source: David F. Webb & Ted Bloecher, HUMCAT: Catalogue of Humanoid Reports, case # A0268).

[Ref. ub1:] "UFO-DATENBANK":

The database manager does not seem to care about duplicate records:

Case Nr. New case Nr. Investigator Date of observation Zip Place of observation Country of observation Hour of observation Classification Comments Identification
19541001 01.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE I
19541001 01.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE I
19541001 01.10.1954 Bergerac France Night NL
19541002 02.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE III
19541002 02.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE III
19541003 03.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE I
19541003 03.10.1954 Bergerac France CE I
19541003 03.10.1954 Bergerac France CE I
19541003 03.10.1954 Bergerac France 22.00 CE I
19541006 06.10.1954 Bergerac France CE II
19541006 06.10.1954 Bergeracs France

[Ref. pr3:] PETER ROGERSON - "INTCAT":

October 1 1954. 2200hrs.

BERGERAC (DORDOGNE : FRANCE)

Fireman Jean Deafix was cycling to his apartment in Rue Berlin, along the track by the railway line, when he saw an intense light, which resolved itself into a fusiform object emitting three green flashes, descending at dizzying speed. He got home and was about to close the shutters when he observed the object again, emitting an intense light, much closer, apparently taking off from the ground. As he watched he saw a tripod landing gear retract on the underside of the hemispherical object. As this object took off it left a vacuum into which air rushed, almost pulling him forward. There was a whistling sound and the object took off into the clouds. Next day he told his landlord, Marius Marot, with whom he lived, about the incident. Later that day Mr Marot's neighbour, retired railwayman Jean Labonne, told Marot that at the same time as Deafix's experience, he Labonne had gone to close the garden gate to the railway, when he caught sight of a mushroom shaped object on a piece of ground, 3m by 5m. The upper part was dark; the body of the object resembled Plexiglas and was luminous. Then, no more than 3m away, a shadowy figure stood up blocking Labonne's path. He yelled out to the stranger, asking him who he was and what he wanted. The figure did not reply but turned around and walked back to the object, which took off seconds later leaving a luminous trail. Labonne saw the three landing legs being retracted. After a sleepless night Labonne went to investigate the site at dawn, where he found three slight impressions, and that strange, black, long-stemmed mushrooms had grown up overnight. He did not dare touch them and the volatised at the first rays of the sun.

Alain Gamard citing J, Giraud – citing Rene Sampson and local press

Vallee case 176 citing Figaro 6 October 1954. + France Soir 7 and 8 October 1954

Michel 1958 p130 gives date as 3rd

Explanations:

Aimé Michel gave the erroneous date of October 3, but wrote, correctly, "Defix". It seemed obvious to me that Barthel and Brucker could indeed not have talked by phone with the witness Mr. Jean "Dufix", as suggested by Jean Sider and LDLN.

By the phonebook, I find that there are peoples named "Defix" in Bergerac, and no "Defiz" or "Dufix" or whatever other name of that sort there.

The houses seem to be those I indicate above; the railway is visible at their South.

Il faut garder à l'esprit que même si Barthel et Brucker avaient "inventé" leur explication, elle n'en est pas pour autant "impossible."

Y a-t-il eu un météore? Au moins pour la première phase de l'observation? La description y fait penser, mais d'un autre côté, l'objet dans le jardin est décrit comme de la même couleur phorphorescente que ce qui serait le météore; dans ce cas, il y aurait dorcément eu canular pour toute la phase atterrissage et décollage, il me semble. Un canular assez "élaboré", avec nécessaire mise en scène pour faire croire au moins à Mr. Rabot, à deux témoignages "indépendants"; ou alors incluant Mr. Rabot dans le coup.)

Je n'ai qu'un seul cas de type météore (en fait possible météore, et non pas météore avéré) pour ce 1er octobre 1954, vers les 22 heures: à Eyburie, en Corrèze, 100 km au nord-est approximativement de Bergerac.

Les champignons: il est tout à fait logique, comme indiqué par Eric Maillot en [me1], de proposer que ces champignons aient été des coprins, ou "coprins chevelus":

One should keep in mind that even though Barthel and Brucker had possibly "invented" their explanation, it is nevertheless not "impossible" that the whole affair was invented.

Was there a meteor? At least for the first phase of the observation? The description looks like a meteor was seen, but on the other hand, the object in the garden is described as of the same phosphorescent color as that of what would have been; in that case, the entire landing and take-off phase must be invented, it seems to me. A hoax rather "elaborate", with necessary staging to make at least Mr. Rabot believe in two "independent" testimonies; or else, including Mr. Rabot in plot.)

I have only one "meteor-type" case (actually a possible meteor, not a proven meteor) for tat October 1st, 1954, around 10 p.m.: from Eyburie, in the Corrèze, 100 km northeast of Bergerac.

The mushrooms: it is quite logical, as indicated by Eric Maillot in [me1], to propose that these mushrooms were coprins, or "hairy coprins":

These fungi probably have nothing to do with the alleged landings.

These are fairly common mushrooms, growing in the grass most of the time, vertically elongated, and degrading quite quickly from the bottom upwards to their "hat", taking a black color at the areas the most degraded, as seen in the image above.

In the end, and for lack of better information, I see only two possibilities: a landing of an extraterrestrial craft with an occupant, or a hoax possibly caused by the possible passage of a meteor.

Keywords:

(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Bergerac, Dordogne, Jean Defix, Jean Defiz, Jean Dufix, Jean Labonne, light, oval, nocturnal, disc, whistling, manoeuvres, landing, fast, multiple, hoax

Sources:

[---] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross March 25, 2003 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross February 12, 2009 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version. Additions [go1], [kb1], [jb1], [lc1], [ud1].
1.1 Patrick Gross March 13, 2010 Addition [jg1].
1.2 Patrick Gross March 14, 2010 Addition [mc1].
1.3 Patrick Gross May 31, 2010 Addition [le1].
1.4 Patrick Gross June 20, 2010 Addition [jv5].
1.3 Patrick Gross August 13, 2013 Addition [pr2].
1.4 Patrick Gross October 1, 2014 Additions [ni1].
1.5 Patrick Gross October 6, 2016 Addition [js2].
1.6 Patrick Gross October 29, 2016 Additions [er1], [ub1].
1.7 Patrick Gross December 13, 2016 Addition [lg1], [lg2], [jg1].
1.8 Patrick Gross July 19, 2019 Additions [la1], [ou1], [cn1], [ld1], [mf1], [mf2], [mf3], [me1], [lh1], [pr3], Summary. Explanations changed, were "Not looked for yet."

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