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The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this website is here.

October 7, 1954, Montlevicq, Indre:

Reference number for this case: 7-Oct-54-Montlevicq. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.


The regional newspaper L'Ardennais for October 9-10, 1954, reported from Châteauroux that "two inhabitants of Montlevicq saw a flying saucer moving slowly in the sky over the Bois de Boulaise."

In 1958, Aimé Michel believed he had discovered a pattern in the location of sightings of October 7, 1954. He quoted the newspaper Sud-Ouest for October 14, 1954, and says that in "Montlévic", witnesses said it was "a luminous, vertical soccer ball." He would later make this sighting the "center" location of of a star-shaped network of observations of October 7, 1974.

I want to note that for many of these of October 7, 1954, cases - ncluding this one - I did not find any source of the time giving this precise date, and Aimé Michel himself indicated in the English version of his book that when there was no date, he "deduced" it - we do not really know how he did this.

The same year, in Science & Vie magazine, on the basis of this idea, he got confused, writing that on October 7, 1975, at "Montlevic" one saw, according to Paris-Presse for October 9, 1954, "saucers, cigars, luminous globes and flying disks..." In reality this newspaper like others listed "in bulk" several different observations, which together consisted sometimes of "saucers", sometimes of "cigars", sometimes of "luminous globes" and sometimes of "flying disks".

Still in 1958, he also wrote elsewhere that the UFO sighted was a "big cigar", which he likens to the "big cigars" that he believed to be at the center of his "star-shaped networks" of sightings, while there is not one source of time to my knowledge that spoke of a "big cigar" for this observation.

In 1979, the "skeptical" ufologists Gérard Barthel and Jacques Brucker made a dramatic outburst: for this observation, that they also date to October 7, 1954, at 11:30 a.m., they assured that their investigation revealed that it was a hoax, according to the confession of one of the two "witnesses", the other being dead.

This "revelation", perhaps because some of Barthel's and Brucker's "investigations" have proved to be at least sometimes dubious, perhaps by ignorance of their book, will not deter many ufologists, who continued to cite the case as valid, and often placed it on their maps of "alignments" of observations.



The Chronicle of the Saucers

NEVERS. -- Several inhabitants of Corbigny (the Nièvre) said they saw a luminous cigar-shaped object in the night from Wednesday to Thursday in the sky carrying at its lower part two discs. The craft was moving at high speed.

Also, an office worker stated that he had observed a large, orange-yellow luminous disc, with a dazzling clarity at the back.

CHATEAUROUX. -- Two inhabitants of Montlevicq saw a flying saucer moving slowly in the sky over the Bois de Boulaise.

Thirty kilometers away, in Saint Plantaire, other people said they saw in the sky a luminous craft the size of a soccer balloon.

ORTHEZ. -- At the Lapoustelle-d'Ortez district, near the Moncade tower, a very brilliant disc was seen in the sky by about twenty people: this disc took a red color, stopped for a moment, then disappeared.

SAINT-BRIEUC -- Two luminous globes were seen in the sky by by two traders from Saint-Bihy, near Quintin (Côte-du-Nord). Consumers of a drinking establishment went out to observe the same phenomenon.

MONTARGIS. -- An employee of a Chalette company claimed to have sighted an oval luminous craft traveling at high altitude. Other people working in the vineyards have reportedly also seen an identical craft.

In Dordives, two residents reported seeing a craft in the sky that was "bizarre" and was moving at high altitude; rising rapidly, it disappeared towards the west.

[Ref. aml1:] AIME MICHEL:

In his pages relating sightings for October 7, 1954, Aimé Michel briefly mentioned some additionnal sightings without providing the details, among them a sighting in Montlévic, of which he witnesses said that it was "a vertical and luminous soccer ball."

Michel indicated that his source is the newspaper Sud-Ouest for October 14, 1954.

[Ref. aml2:] AIME MICHEL:


As of 2 October, the number of daily observations is increasing dramatically. On October 3, there are hundreds, and probably thousands of "witnesses". And the places of observation continue to line up, forming very characteristic networks whose layout evokes a spider's web, with a sort of star-shaped center from which most of the straight lines radiate. A large proportion of cases are also located on several different alignments (at their intersection).

An example of this complex and rigorous provision is offered by the observations of October 7 (see map).

That day, on the territory of France, hundreds of "testimonies" make it possible to plot 23 observation places, of which only one is erratic, in the area of ??Toulouse. The other 22 are organized in 17 alignments:

- One seven spots line: Cherbourg; La Ferte-Macé; Saint-Jean-d'Assé; National 23, east of Le Mans; Lavenay; Montlevic; and finally Cassis.

- Three lines of four spots:

a) Marcillac; Puymoyen; Montlevic; Corbigny.

b) Isles-sur-Suippe; Montlevic; Bournel; Montpezat.

c) Saint-Savinien; Saint-Plantaire; Montlevic; Jettingen.

Finally, thirteen alignments of three spots. One can, at first glance, wonder whether three-spot alignments require an explanation other than chance. But on reflection, chance turns out to be insufficient. Indeed:

  1. On the map to the millionth used for this study, the accuracy of the alignments is of the order of a millimeter, equivalent to one kilometer, for distances sometimes exceeding 1000 kilometers;
  2. But above all, it must be emphasized that most of the spots are at the same time on several alignments (At their intersections): when one plots two spots on a surface, one gets a straight line; if four points are plotted, one gets six lines (the sides of a quadrilateral and its diagonals), determining, in addition to the four primitive spots, three spots of intersection at most; therefore, if one plots three new spots at random, what is the chance for these spots to intersect? Virtually none. The realization by chance of such a provision is therefore highly improbable. If coincidence happens regularly every day for weeks, the chance explanation becomes almost impossible.
  3. Finally (and this is perhaps the most troubling part of the case), how can it be explained by chance that this provision lasts only 24 hours?

In-depth analysis of all these alignments is beyond the scope of an article. A glance at the corresponding map is more eloquent than a long speech. We discover this feature, which I have tentatively called "orthoteny" (2), until further studies allow, if necessary, to relate it to some phenomenon already known and provided with a name existing in the dictionary.

Provisionally, therefore, the "orthoteny" is the rectilinear disposition, generating networks, of the vast majority of flying saucer observations of the Fall of 1954. This arrangement is so surprising that one must, a priori to adopt a systematic distrust about it. Before recognizing it for a real event, one must consider every possible means to reject it.

On October 7, 1954, France is furrowed with observations in a straight line

1. CHERBOURG ...One saw luminous globes! (Paris-Presse - 10-10-1954)

2. DUCLAIR ...Mr. X, blinded by a luminous beam, reopened the eyes, saw a ball that disappeared in a few minutes. (Parisien Libéré - 9-10-54)

3. ISLES-SUR-SUIPPES ...on the edge of the road, an object of more than 3 m in length like a big shell pierced with portholes... (Paris-Presse - 10-10-54)

4. PLOZEVET gleam, dense smoke... (France-Soir - 10-10-54)

5. SAINT-BIHY ...luminous globes... (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

6. LA FERTÉ-MACÉ ...a mysterious craft, which was rising vertically, leaving behind itself a white trail... (Black out sur les soucoupes volantes, Jimmy Guieu, Fleuve Noir publishers)

7. HENNEZIES ...A "spaceship" and its occupants seen by two children... Egg-shaped object, red, the top pointed at the yky... (Black out sur les soucoupes volantes, Jimmy Guieu, Fleuve Noir publishers)

8. SAINT-ÉTIENNE ...three craft produced a violent white light; - one of the craft was round like a saucer, the two other elongated like cigars. (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

9. SAINT-JEAN-D'ASSÉ ...a gleam of an intense blue color.. (Aurore - 9-10-54)

10. BALLON ...stars as big as the Moon (sic!). (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

11. LAVENAY ...a flying egg... (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

12. DORDIVES ...a weird object... (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

13. CHALETTE oval-shaped luminous craft. (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

14. LES AUBIERS ...a red disc... (France-Soir - 9-10-54)

15. CORBIGNY Craft of cylindrical shapes, emitting red-orange gleams when they were horizontal and of a dazzling white when they rose vertically. (Aurore -8-10-54)

16. BERUGES ...a lighted mushroom... (France-Soir - 10-10-54)

17. SAINT-SAVINIEN ...a luminous disc. (Sud-Ouest - 14-10-54)


19. MONTLEVIC ...saucers, cigars, luminous globes and flying discs... (Paris-Presse - 9-10-54)

20. JETTINGEN ...a half-spherical cupola. (France-Soir - 10-10-54)

21. PUYMOYEN ...A the place where a saucer had landed, twelve samll heaps of ash in the middle of a 1,50 m circle and, among the ashes, small sticks... (Paris-Presse - 9-10-54)

22. MARCILLAC ...shape of inverted funnel. (Combat - 12-10-54)

23. BOURNEL ...circular shape... (Combat - 12-10-54)

24. MONTPEZAT ...a luminous circle, orange-colored... (Combat - 12-10-54)

25. BEAUVOIR ...a mysterious craft flying at a rather slow pace. (Parisien Libéré - 9-10-54)

26. MONTEUX ...a phosphorescent craft and of 2,50 m height... (local Press - oct. 54)

27. BOMPAS ...a formation of saucers... (Black out sur les soucoupes volantes, Jimmy Guieu, Fleuve Noir publishers)

28. CASSIS ...the object, which seemed to be in aluminum, was very shiny. (Provençal)

Alignments exist. What do they mean? This is a mystery...

The case file is not faked

First question to ask: Is it true that the observation spots are aligned as this article claims?

To check this, just look for the spots in question on a chosen map in such a way that the lines of the map correspond as exactly as possible to the great terrestrial circles in the considered place. For France, it is the millionth map, Bonne projection, in the trade by Michelin (Michelin map nr 989). Ones locates the spots by looking for them in a dictionary of the communes, for example that of Berger-Levrault.

Second question: did the author invent all or part of these observations in order to find alignments? To enable researchers to answer this question, I have used in my research only observations that were already made public.

Third question: Did the author choose the observations that are aligned, creating a phenomenon that would not exist if other unreported observations restored the disorder of chance?

Of course, I cannot hope to know all the sightings because many of the witnesses did not say anything. But I used in my work all observations made public, as one can check by studying my book. To prepare the maps, I therefore only used published cases, and I used them all. There was no invention, no selection. Anyone can completely redo the work I did: one only needs to consult the collection of newspapers of the time, taking care though, however, of dates, not of the newspapers publication of course, but of the reported phenomena.

We come to the most delicate aspect of the problem posed by these strange alignments. What do they mean?

I have shown in detail the results of my research to several prominent scientists, including two Masters of Research at the C.N.R.S. It is very unfortunate that orthotenia is linked to the "saucer phenomenon", so discredited, because all these scientists, whom I cannot name, are now convinced that the alignments show a real and original phenomenon.

Real, that is, objectively taking place in space, not in the imagination of the witnesses.

Original, that is, not related to anything known so far. Neither airplanes, sounding balloons, sundogs, meteors, lightning bolts, nor hallucinations, lies, and facetious inventions are observed along lines forming networks. It is something else. What is it?

In my opinion, we are not close to knowing it. But perhaps the demonstration of the geometric superstructure revealed by the wave of 1954 will finally incite a greater number of scientists to worry about it. Allow me to express the wish here. Personally, the discredit that is attached to this research begins to put me down. It is overwhelming in the long run to have my curiosity viewed like a sin.

Aimé Michel


[Ref. aml3:] AIME MICHEL:

Aimé Michel explained that since December 1957, he was convinced that the "alignments" of cases on straight lines, such as those of October 7, 1954, are inexplicable, or more exactly, that they can only be explained "by the reality of the flying saucers", and that his opinion "is also that of a large number of scientists, among whom several are world-renowned."

He published a map of these alignments for this date, indicating that all the observations of October 7, 1954, are reported there:

For the case of this file, he noted:

19. MONTLEVIC: ..saucers, cigars, luminous globes and flying discs.. Paris-Presse for 9-10-54).

[Ref. aml4:] AIME MICHEL:

[...] On October 7 [, 1954], where the big cigar is observed in Montlevicq, Chalette, Dordives, Corbigny, where the large star-shaped networks are precisely.

[Ref. jve5:] JACQUES VALLEE:

253 -002.06721 44.57680 07 10 1954 MONTLEVICQ-INDRE F 110 C** 242


This ufology bulletin published a map supposed to show alignements of cases of October 7, 1954, and it included a cas in Montlévic:

The magazine added another map for the 7 october 1954 cases, also includng the case of Montlévic:


The author indicates that on October 7, 1954, luminous discs, landing or not landing, were reported among other places in Montlevic.

The author says that the 28 places of observations [The author indicates 9 of them] formed all spots that were aligned "along a line with a precision of one millimetre." He further adds that these observations spread on "straight lines, which while crossing, drew curious geometrical star figures", and that "alignments seemed to begin around one hour in the morning, covering our areas of a tight network of investigations of unknown origin."


The two authors note this case of October 7, 1954:

"Montlevicq - 36 - 11:30: hoax after investigation, admitted by one of the two "witnesses", the other is deceased."


For the day of October 7, Aimé Michel noted among others, two alignments: Hennezis-Montlevicq-Bompas and Plozevet-Montlevicq-Beauvoir; which was conform to the theory of the star-shaped networks.

That is to say: in the center of the stars that appeared by the crossing of several orthotenic lines, always appeared a cigar or a sphere of clouds. It is so here, with the observation of Montlévicq, sometimes recorded at Saint Plantaire (Indre).

Let's go back to the first line: Hennezis, no credibility at all anymore; Bompas doubts on the date, Jacques Vallée gives October 7, the "Figaro" for October 13gives the 9th, Quincy says it is in the night from the 7th to the 8th. As of the second one: Plozevet recorded by Quincy at about 0 o'clock, investigation is impossible; Beauvoir, the weather balloon cannot be excluded. These two alignments intersect over the department of the Indre. So we find here the observation noticed by Aimé Michel. Only here, on the admission of a witness, the affair is a hoax. Aimé Michel was right, in the center of a network one always observes a cigar of clouds or a sphere... devoid of any interest.

[Ref. jbd1:] JEAN BERNARD:

[...] Mr. Jacques VALLEE, astronomef and Doctor in Informatics, taking 30 dots of the real coordinates of the MONTLEVICQ network (October 7) and 30 random dots on the same surface, concludes [...]


3998: 1954/10/07 00:00 1 2:04:20 E 46:34:40 N 3331 WEU FRN INR 6:6



[Ref. lcn1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates that in the Indre in Montlevicq on October 7, 1954, "Observations of several discs objects, luminous spheres and cigars."

Luc Chastan indicates that the source is "M.O.C. par Michel Aimé ** Arthaud 1958".

[Ref. mgr1:] MICHEL GRANGER:

And now that [the illusion of orhotenic alignments] is confirmed on October 7 (Montlevicq), October 11 (Montluçon)! Thus appears a star-shaped orthotenia that Michel even thinks can be superimposed from one day to another by making the centers coincide by translation followed by a rotation in the anti-clockwise direction.

[Ref. ubk1:] "UFO-DATENBANK":

This database recorded this case 4 times:

Case Nr. New case Nr. Investigator Date of observation Zip Place of observation Country of observation Hour of observation Classification Comments Identification
19541007 07.10.1954 Montlevic France Tagsüber DD
19541007 07.10.1954 Montlevic France
19541007 07.10.1954 Montlevic France NL
19541007 07.10.1954 Montlevic France


Probable witnesses invention.


(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Montlevicq, Indre, vertical, luminous, ball, multiple


[----] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross January 16, 2006 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross May 1, 2009 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version. Additions [lcn1].
1.1 Patrick Gross February 28, 2010 Addition [jpr1].
1.2 Patrick Gross June 22, 2010 Addition [jve5].
1.3 Patrick Gross February 20, 2017 Addition [ubk1].
1.4 Patrick Gross October 12, 2019 Addition [ads1], [aml2], [aml3], [aml4], [pis1], [bbr2], [jbd1], [lhh1], [mgr1], Summary.

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This page was last updated on October 12, 2019.