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ACUFO:

ACUFO is my comprehensive catalog of cases of encounters between aircraft and UFOs, whether they are "explained" or "unexplained".

The ACUFO catalog is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file.

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Holland or Germany, on March 5, 1945:

Case number:

ACUFO-1945-03-05-HOLLANDGERMANY-1

Summary:

Ufology sources from the 2000s indicate that according to the 2007 book "Strange Company - Military Encounters with UFOs in World War II" by Keith Chester, on March 5, 1945, over Holland or Northern Germany, by night an aircraft of the 653rd Reconnaissance Squadron of the 25th Bomb Group conducted a Bluestocking mission to determine the weather conditions over Holland and Northern Germany.

At 10:47 p.m., Mosquito pilot Lt. Smith and his radar operator, Lt. Kuehn, observed "a large orange ball" in the sky at approximately 5,000 feet below their aircraft, around 20 miles away. The ball "hung in the air for a period of about five seconds."

Lt. Smith dropped his Mosquito down to around 15,000 feet, and minutes later, he observed a "similar ball" that was "moving horizontally at the same altitude" as his aircraft; and this time, he observed the ball, also around 20 miles away, for close to 15 seconds before it disappeared.

In his report, Major Finis D. McClanahan, the 25th Group's S-2 (Intelligence officer) stated that the "phenomena" was unknown.

The sources are said to be two military reports: the Operations Narrative of the 653rd Bombardment Squadron to Headquarters of the 251st Bombardment Group (Reconnaissance), USAAF Station 376, APO 634, 5 March 1945; the S-2 Mission report, Bluestocking 3/27, 653rd Squadron, 25th Bombardment group, to 653rd Bombardment Squadron to Headquarters, 7 March 1945.

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: March 5, 1945
Time: 10:47 p.m.
Duration: 5 seconds then 15 seconds.
First known report date: March 5, 1945
Reporting delay: Hours.

Geographical data:

Country: Holland or Germany
State/Department:
City:

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: 2
Number of known witnesses: ?
Number of named witnesses: 2

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: Military operations report.
Visibility conditions: Night.
UFO observed: Yes.
UFO arrival observed: ?
UFO departure observed: Yes.
UFO action:
Witnesses action:
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): No.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): No.
Witness(es) feelings: ?
Witnesses interpretation: ?

Classifications:

Sensors: [X] Visual: 2
[ ] Airborne radar:
[ ] Directional ground radar:
[ ] Height finder ground radar:
[ ] Photo:
[ ] Film/video:
[ ] EM Effects:
[ ] Failures:
[ ] Damages:
Hynek: NL
Armed / unarmed: Armed, 4 7.7 mm Browning machine guns, 4 20 mm Hispano cannons.
Reliability 1-3: 2
Strangeness 1-3: 2
ACUFO: Insufficient information, possible V-2 rocket.

Sources:

[Ref. dwn2:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

Case 104

March 5, 1945

Over Holland or Northern Germany

On the night, 653rd Reconnaissance Squadron of the 25th Bomb Group assigned one of its aircraft to conduct a Bluestocking mission to determine the weather conditions over Holland and Northern Germany. At 22h47, Mosquito pilot Lt. Smith and his radar operator, Lt. Kuehn, observed "a large orange ball" in the sky at approximately 5,000 feet below their aircraft, around 20 miles away. The ball "hung in the air for a period of about five seconds." Lt. Smith dropped his Mosquito down to around 15,000 feet, and minutes later he observed a "similar ball" that was "moving horizontally at the same altitude" as his aircraft; and this time, he observed the ball, also around 20 miles away, for close to 15 seconds before it disappeared. In his report Major Finis D. McClanahan, the 25th Group's S-2 (Intelligence officer) stated that the "phenomena" was unknown.

Sources: Operations Narrative of the 653rd Bombardment Squadron (Weather reconnaissance) Mission, to Headquarters, 251st Bombardment Group (Reconnaissance), USAAF Station 376, APO 634, 5 March 1945 / S-2 Mission report, Bluestocking 3/27, 653rd Squadron, 25th Bombardment group, to 653rd Bombardment Squadron (Weather reconnaissance) Mission, to Headquarters, 7 March 1945, NARA / Strange Company, Keith Chester, 2007

(Ref. nip1:) "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

March 5, 1945; Either Holland or Northern Germany

Two sightings: (1) large orange ball hanging in air; (2) similar ball that was moving horizontally at same altitude. (Page 145 Ref.1)

The reference 1 is described at the end of the document as "Strange Company (2007), Keith Chester".

[Ref. tai1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Date: Mar. 5, 1945

Location: Either Holland or Northern Germany

Time:

Summary: Two sightings: (1) large orange ball hanging in air; (2) similar ball that was moving horizontally at same altitude.

Source:

Aircraft information:

The de Havilland DH.98 "Mosquito" was a British multirole aircraft, which served as a fighter-bomber, torpedo bomber and reconnaissance aircraft with the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

Its armament was 4 7.62 mm Browning machine guns and 4 20 mm Hispano cannons.

Its pilot and its navigator were seated side by side, the navigator being shifted back about thirty centimeters for shoulder width.

DH.98 Mosquito.

Discussion:

Map.

During WWII, flights over the continent of Europe to obtain information for use in operational planning and occasional weather scouting missions over targets to provide current weather information for relay to bombers on their way to attack fell to the de Havilland Mosquitos Mk. XVI of the 653d Squadron, and were code named "Bluestocking."

The description in the report makes me think that the two airmen may have seen a German V-2 rocket.

Historical sources indicate that on March 5, 1945, at 08:02 p.m. GMT a V-2 was launched from the V-2 launch site Battery 485 in The Hague (Den Haag, La Haye), The Netherlands; it impacted Woolwich near London in the South-East of England; at 10:29 p.m. GMT, another V-2 was launched from the same site; it apparently impacted Rainham near London in the South-East of England.

(See for example www.v2rocket.com/start/deployment/timeline.html)

These were the two only known launches that day. The hours do not match exactly; but it may be considered that the airmen's clock was not set exactly.

The interpretation would be that the airmen saw the ball of light twice for seconds only because it would have been hidden in clouds the rest of the time.

The ball(s) of fire did apparently not behave like in the moe interesting "Foo-Fighter" cases, it did not pace their plane or react to evasive maneuvers.

Evaluation:

Insufficient information, possible V-2 rocket.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross December 1, 2023 Creation, [dwn2], [nip1], [tai1].
1.0 Patrick Gross December 1, 2023 First published.

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This page was last updated on December 1, 2023.