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ACUFO:

ACUFO is my comprehensive catalog of cases of encounters between aircraft and UFOs, whether they are "explained" or "unexplained".

The ACUFO catalog is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file.

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Naples, Italy, on December 14, 1943:

Case number:

ACUFO-1943-12-14-NAPLES-1

Summary:

Ufology sources in the 2000's indicate that in those years, British researcher Andy Roberts found a report form and a logbook extract about a case dated December 14, 1943, located over Naples, Italy.

On a night patrol, a pilot of the 255th Night Fighter Squadron (NFS) flying a Bristol Beaufighter reported dogfights with "the light", i.e. a bright light which out climbed the aircraft. The small round bright light was behind them at the same altitude and speed, possibly a little faster. It stayed right on their tail but occasionally moved side to side of the Beaufighter. It displayed no aggressive behavior.

The pilot, Squadron leader Wells, tried to maneuver its bomber around to the object's rear to get off a shot but failed. The opportunity to engage the light in combat ended as it only lasted one or two minutes before "the light" disappeared in another direction.

A matching flight log showed by Andy Roberts and Dr. David Clarke in their excellent 2002 book "Out the Shadows" shows the name "Izowski", ranked Flight Sergeant.

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: December 14, 1943
Time: Night.
Duration: 1 or 2 minutes
First known report date: 1943
Reporting delay: Hours, days.

Geographical data:

Country: Italy
State/Department: Campania
City: Naples

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: 2
Number of known witnesses: 1
Number of named witnesses: 1

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: Military report, flight log.
Visibility conditions: Night.
UFO observed: Yes.
UFO arrival observed: ?
UFO departure observed: Yes.
UFO action: Follows plane despite evasive maneuvers.
Witnesses action: Unsuccessfull evasive action and unsuccessful firing maneuver.
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): No.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): No.
Witness(es) feelings: ?
Witnesses interpretation: ?

Classifications:

Sensors: [X] Visual: 1 or 2
[N/A] Airborne radar:
[ ] Directional ground radar:
[ ] Height finder ground radar:
[ ] Photo:
[ ] Film/video:
[ ] EM Effects:
[ ] Failures:
[ ] Damages:
Hynek: NL
Armed / unarmed: Armed, machine guns and 20 mmm canons.
Reliability 1-3: 2
Strangeness 1-3: 3
ACUFO: Possible extraterrestrial craft.

Sources:

[Ref. dcr1:] DR. DAVID CLARKE AND ANDY ROBERTS:

The authors indicate that on December 14, 1943, a flying book log entry by Squadron leader P. Wells mentions, during a flight in the Naples area, a "Screaming dogfight with 'the Light'".

A scan of the log is shown, indicating that the plane was a Beaufighter and the lof had the name of Flight Sergeant Izowski on it, flying on a patrol.

[Ref. prt4:] JAN ALDRICH - "PROJECT 1947":

N - 1943.12.14, night. Italy

On night patrol to Naples, Beaufighter 255th RAF Squadron (Night Fighter), "dogfights" with "The Light" a bright light which out climbed aircraft. (Letter, Report Form, Logbook extract, Andy Roberts' Collection)

[Ref. dwn1:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

French ufologist Dominique Weinstein compiled a catalog of the cases of UFOs observed from aircraft ([dwn1]). The first case in February 2001 (6th edition) catalog appears as:

Scan.

DATE 43.12.14
TIME night
COUNTRY Italy
PLACE Naples
M
TYPE OF PLANE AND WITNESSES RAF Beaufighter (255th Squadron) pilot
UFO DESCRIPTION dogfight with a bright light which outclimbed the aircraft
Radar
G
X
E
SOURCES 03/37

The sources "03" and "37" are referenced at the end of the catalog as:

03 Project 1947 Reports, newsclippings and documents (cases from Jan Aldrich and Barry Greenwood)

37 List of ACUFOE cases prior to 1947, Jan Aldrich, Project 1947

[Ref. dwn2:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

Scan.

Case 25
December 14, 1943

Naples, Italy

At night, the pilot of the 255th Night Fighter Squadron (NFS) flying a Bristol Beaufighter reported dogfights with "the light" a bright light which out climbed the aircraft. The small round bright light was behind them at the same altitude and speed, possibly a little faster. It stayed right on their tail but occasionally moved side to side of the Beaufighter. It displayed no aggressive behaviour. The pilot, Squadron leader Wells, tried to maneuver its bomber around to the object's rear to get off a shot but failed. The opportunity to engage the light in combat ended as it only lasted one or two minutes before disappearing in another direction.

Sources: Project 1947, Jan Aldrich/ letter, report form, logbook extract, Andy Roberts' Collection

[Ref. rpl1:] ROBERTO PINOTTI ET ALFREDO LISSONI:

These Italian ufologists indicate that during the Second World War, according to case studies collected by ufologists, mysterious foofighters have been seen on several occasions by military pilots, including one case on December 18, 1943, above Naples, of a light approaching several times from the plane of Lieutenant Pat Wells, who notes the episode in the flight log.

[Ref. tai1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Date: December 14, 1943

Location: Naples, Italy

Time:

Summary: Small round bright light.

Source: Page 52 Ref.1

[Ref. nip1:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

Scan.

Dec. 14, 1943; Naples, Italy

Small round bright light. (Page 52 Ref.1)

[Ref. twf1:] "THE WHY FILES" WEBSITE:

14th December, 1943, Squadron Leader P. Wells described "Screaming dog-fight with the 'light'" in his flight log.

[Ref. get1:] GEORGE M. EBERHART:

1943

December 14

Night. British 255 Night Fighter Squadron leader Patrick Hardy Vesey Wells is flying his Bristol Beaufighter on a patrol mission around Naples, Italy, when he and his navigator notice a small bright light behind them. It stays on their tail, moving from side to side. After 1 - 2 minutes it goes off in another direction.

(Strange Company 52)

Aircraft information:

The Bristol Type 156 "Beaufighter", nicknamed "Beau", was a British multi-role aircraft developed during WWI. It was originally conceived as a heavy fighter variant of the Bristol Beaufort torpedo bomber; it proved to be an effective night fighter, which came into service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Battle of Britain.

Originally, armament consisted of four 20mm cannons and six 0.303-in machine-guns but many variants were built; for example, versions had the ability to additionally carry eight rocket projectiles, some had a Vickers 'K' gun, Beaufighter TF.Mk X was used for anti-shipping operations and was be fitted with AI Mk VIII radar.

All the pictures I found of Beaufighters of 255 Squadron show that it had no radar antenna.

Beaufighter.

Discussion:

Map.

WWII historical sources indicate that Patrick Hardy Vesey Wells (1917-2002) was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, studied Mining Engineering at London University, where he joined the university's air squadron. He was commissioned into the RAFVR as a pilot officer in 1938, fighting in England during Battle of Britain, then in Malta and Egypt. In 1943, he served with 255 Squadron, operating Beaufighters in the Tunisian campaign and then Italy, as a Flight Commander. He received a Mention in Dispatches in 1944 and was awarded the DSO (gazetted 23rd May 1944). He was released from the RAF in 1946 as a Squadron Leader.

Below: Patrick Hardy Vesey Wells as he served in 249 Squadron during the Battle of England.

Patrick Hardy Vesey Wells.

In November 1943, 255 Squadron was deployed to Italy, operating from Grottaglie. The pilots peformed a major series of fighter-intruder and fighter-bomber missions over south European countries.

These is a curiosity with the witness names: we get Wells and Izowski. But they were maybe both in the Beaufighter, and Izowski was the one who filled the flight log book, for example.

It is quite clear that "the light" only partly behaved like an enemy plane: it chased the Beaufighter, but never fired at it. If it had been an enemy plane having exhausted ammunition, it would certainly not have followed a powerful Beaufighter night fighter.

Dr. David Clarke and Andy Roberts clearly explained that terms like "the light" were the British equivalents of the "Foo-Fighter" term the American used. They never used such terms for enemy aircraft, they used it for weird phenomena that they thought not to be enemy aircraft.

Evaluation:

Possible extraterrestrial craft.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross October 8, 2023 Creation, [dcr1], [prt4], [dwn1], [dwn2], [tai1], [nip1], [twf1], [get1].
1.0 Patrick Gross October 8, 2023 First published.
1.1 Patrick Gross October 24, 2023 Addition [rpl1].

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This page was last updated on October 8, 2023.