France 1954 -> Home 

Cette page en françaisCliquez!

The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this website is here.

January 9, Lunéville, Meurthe-et-Moselle:

Reference for this case: 9-Jan-54-Lunéville.
Please cite this reference in any correspondence with me regarding this case.


In the newspaper Nice-Matin for January 10, 1954, there was an article saying that three residents of Lunéville, in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, claimed to have seen a round object flying from north to south at about 06:00 a.m. on January 9th, 1954. The object had been flying silently "although appearing to be at low altitude", slower than a jet plane and it had left a bright yellow trail. Several students from the College de Lunéville had also seen the object.

Dans le journal régional La Bourgogne Républicaine, de Dijon, on rapportait en page 6 le 11 janvier 1954, d'après l'A.F.P. de Nancy, que trois habitants de Lunéville dont un professeur de lettres affirmaient avoir aperçu le 9 janvier 1954, vers 6 heures, un engin de forme ronde, se déplaçant du nord au sud.

Ils auraient déclaré que "l'engin" volait moins vite qu'un avion à réaction, sans bruit bien que paraissant se déplacer à faible altitude, et laissait derrière lui une traînée lumineuse de couleur jaune.

Outre ces trois témoins, plusieurs élèves du collège de Lunéville avaient également aperçu "cet engin."

In the regional newspaper La Bourgogne Républicaine, from Dijon, it was reported on page 6 for January 11, 1954, according to the A.F.P. of Nancy, that three residents of Lunéville, including a professor of literature, claimed to have seen on January 9, 1954, around 6 a.m., a round-shaped machine, moving from north to south.

They apparntly stated that "the craft" flew slower than a jet plane, without noise although appearing to move at low altitude, and left behind a luminous trail of yellow color.

Besides these three witnesses, several students from the college of Lunéville had also seen "this craft."

On its side, the regional newspaper L'Est Républicain, of Nancy, reported on January 11, 1954, about several of the observations of January 9, 1954 around 07:50 a.m..

This newspaper indicated that for the Lunéville sightings, college students had clearly seen the "craft" and its reddish trail, and several people in the city, "absolutely trustworthy", were also witnesses "amazed at this unusual show."

In his 1954 book, pioneering ufologist and science-fiction writer Jimmy Guieu reported that it was a red disc according to the "very detailed investigation" by Charles Garreau.

Charles Garreau, then journalist of La Bourgogne Républicaine and already a flying saucers enthusiast, had put the observations of this day on a map to show that since the thing had zigzagged, it was not a meteor. He had naively taken for granted the hours quoted, giving 06:15 a.m. to the Lunéville sighting, whereas most of them were, of course, only approximate hours. It is because of this that some still speak of a "sudden change of course" of phenomenon, but it was not so.

For this case, he said that at 06:15 a.m. one had seen in the sky of Lunéville a "blinding line of light", a "round shaped object" which "tore the sky", from north to the south, in complete silence, "slower than a jet plane"; and he assured that between the place of this observation and the next one in Neuville [sic], there are 130 kilometers in straight line, that the "Mysterious Celestial Object" crossed in an hour.

This obvious meteor was explained as such by the "skeptical" ufologists Gérard Barthel and Jacques Brucker in their 1979 book, but some continued to cite the observation as if it were "unexplained".





A mysterious craft
was observed
over the East of France

Saucer or not saucer? A mysterious craft flew over eastern France on Saturday morning. We give below - for the sake of impartiality - the dispatches received from our correspondents. Note that while some observations are consistent, others differ significantly.

We leave it to our readers to draw the conclusions...


Gemeaux (from our C.P.). -- It had to happen! Since our city was visited by the stars of the music hall, Misstinguett, and the stars of advertising, "Miss Lux", we expected the arrival of the flying saucers!

Saturday morning, around 7:45 a.m., a strange phenomenon occurred in the sky of Gemeaux. Several observers saw for a few seconds a red ball coming from the direction of Is-sur-Tille, at a vertiginous speed, absolutely silent and leaving no trace behind it. Suddenly, the ball immobilized, a quarter of a second said a young observer, then it set off again, still as quickly, in the direction of Tilchâtel and disappeared.

The children who saw "the saucer" were surprised by the bright red glow and the speed of movement which scared them somewhat.

Saucer or not saucer? Mystery. Still, this is a strange thing, different from a shooting star, if only by the change of direction!


Langres (from our C.P.). - A mysterious craft flew over the Langres region on Saturday morning and the south of Haute-Marne. It was seen by many witnesses at different times and places.

At 6:10 a.m., it was above Neuvelle-les-Champlitte; at 8:10 a.m., near Langres. The residents of Jorquenay, Lannes, Champigny-les-Langres and station employees in Langres-Marne were able to observe it. It flew above the clouds, that is to say at a height greater than 1500 m., and shed an intense red light in the front and clearer in the rear, with greenish reflections arranged in a triangular beam. The pace was roughly equal to that of a jet aircraft and the direction of travel at that time was in a north-west-east direction. This machine did not make noise.

According to Mr. Baudot, technical agent at the S.N.C.F., who had time to follow the phenomenon with his eyes for several seconds, the craft's advance was jerky. It could not have been a jet airplane moving with navigation lights on, the light produced being in fact far too intense. Despite the already very clear sky, it was impossible to distinguish the shapes of the craft itself. Its capricious march as to the direction followed and its fairly low speed suggest that it could not be a meteorite.


Nancy (A.F.P.). -- three residents of Lunéville claim to have seen, on January 9, around 6 a.m., a round-shaped craft, moving from north to south.

The craft, they say, flew slower than a jet plane and left behind a luminous trail of yellow color. It was moving silently, although it appeared to be moving at low altitude.

In addition to these three eyewitnesses, including a professor of literature, several students from the college of Lunéville also saw this craft.


Seen at dawn this last Saturday the "moon" is without a doubt a flying saucer just like the Franche-Comté cigar

It was obvious that there was growing concern throughout the eastern region. Anxious and a little annoyed too, it must be confessed. We have always had at our heart to place ourselves at the forefront of progress and, for nothing in the world, we would not want to be laggards. Tranquillize yourselves, we are now up to date, like most regions of France, Navarre and elsewhere.

We, too, have our flying saucers.


Good things come to those who wait for.

Like the moon

A saucer was seen Saturday morning, at 7:55 a.m., in the sky of Nancy

Young girls who went to their college are formal. The yellow disk spun into a low sky, gorged with snow, dragging behind it a luminous beam. It had the exact appearance of the moon, but had a circumference reduced to about a quarter of that of the pale star, in which we shall spend our holidays one of the next few days.

An official from Nancy, too, saw the mysterious craft at the same moment, and gave a description in all respects conformable to that furnished by the girls.

In Lunéville, a few moments earlier, the students of the college clearly saw the machine and its reddish trail, and several people of the city, absolutely trustworthy, also witnessed, amazed at this unusual spectacle. At the same hour the phenomenon was observed above the station of Metz, by a surveyor of Courcelles-Sur-Nied.

The flying saucer scoured the weekend's conversations. But Lorraine was not the only region to enjoy the privilege. Franche-Comte also had its saucer.

All colors of the rainbow

It was also on Saturday, at 7:50 a.m., that a gentleman, whose words cannot be doubted, residing in Montrond-le-Château, in the Doubs, which left the parish church, with two ladies and a child, and saw the saucer. It came from the northwest and was heading south-east.

"It was," said the witness, "a luminous craft that has the elongated form of a rocket and run very fast, shining brightly and having a comet-like star-tail on which were all the colors of the rainbow. This is by no means a hallucination. We were four and we saw the machine for several seconds..."

An elongated red cigar...

At the same hour, the saucer-rocket was seen in Besançon. It was, in fact, 7:50 a.m. when Mr. Nicod, a city supervisor, who was conversing with Mr. Marcel and Mr. Brocard, an employee at the Bouchu house, suddenly said to them: "Look quickly... It looks like a flying saucer!" The two men watched the sky and, in the morning clouds, saw "like a red cigar lying backwards, 2m50 in length (visual) and spinning horizontally at a dizzying speed, from the northeast to the southeast..."

This meteor (?) whose surface appeared "speckled of black", disappeared behind the clouds. The vision had lasted a few seconds and was apparently allowed by a thinning in the sky. The testimony of the three seers did not fail to elicit very diverse comments among the municipal employees of Besançon. Children from the Rue des Vieilles-Perrières reportedly also saw the celestial bolide at the same time.

It should be noted that Mr. Nicod was at the municipal workshops at Canot, a place close to the Rue des Vieilles-Perrières. The "saucer" in the shape of a cigar, was also seen in the direction of Beaume-Les-Dames.

An identical phenomenon was observed on Saturday morning at 7 a.m. in Vesoul, where a certain number of inhabitants of the town suddenly saw appearing above the hill of La Motte, going from west to east, a luminous object, of oval shape, in the yellow, orange colors, which, before disappearing, left behind a multicolored and flamboyant trail. The Observatory of Besançon, warned, was unable to give any information likely to explain these genuine visions...

The mystery remains whole: saucer, saucer-rocket, saucer-cigarette will continue to fuel conversations. The witnesses, formal, will give all the details possible to their interlocutors, most of whom will remain unfortunately skeptical. For those who have not seen feel an indefinable feeling in the depths of themselves, a sentiment not very noble, to say the least, of regret and vexation. Of envy perhaps.

"If you do not believe us, do not believe us," said the witnesses. And yet, we know well that we have seen.

[Ref. lae1:] NEWSPAPER "L'ALSACE":

After Bergheim, Cernay in its turn saw a flying saucer

We reported in our last issue that Saturday in the morning, a flying saucer had been seen in the sky of Bergheim and Lunéville. The passage of that saucer was also recorded in Cernay.

It was 8 a.m. on Saturday, the sky was cloudless. Suddenly, several travelers who were waiting for a bus outside the church saw above them a disc of yellowish color, its size, reminded the full moon. A bright tail seemed attached to the "thing" that moved at high speed.

When the saucer, which came from the direction of the Vieil Armand, had passed the church, lightning tore the sky and hundreds of stars sprang out from all sides.

According to witnesses, the disc would have exploded, but without producing any sound.




The aerial object observed on January 9 is not a meteor

Could it actually be a flying saucer
that flew over our region for a long time?


After the celestial phenomenon of August 12 which, from the Jura to the Morvan, had thousands of witnesses, the appearance of November 9 [sic] seems to be a date, in turn, in the voluminous file of "non-identified aerial objects."

Information has poured in from all over the region.

Our correspondents, our readers have communicated to us the observations they have gathered.

Observations which cast a strange light on the extraordinary object which, on Saturday morning, moved for nearly two hours over eastern France.

The first reports left the door open to all hypotheses: meteor, balloon, jet plane... or saucer!

Those that we have since collected allow us to reject outright the hypothesis of a meteorite [sic], whose trajectory is perfectly regular in direction and speed, always very high: around 40,000 km. per hour.

They also make it possible to reject the hypothesis of the balloon, as its apparent speed cannot exceed those of the most violent currents: 300 km.-hour.

Indeed, what did we see on Saturday?


Saturday morning, 6:15 a.m. With a flash of blinding light, a craft of round shape tears the sky of Lunéville. It flies from North to South. No noise.

7:20 a.m.: in Neuvelle-les-Champlitte, a red glow casts a reflection of blood on the snowy countryside. Very high up, a rather long object, followed by an incandescent trail, describes an immense arc of a circle and heads north.

From Lunéville to Neuvelle: 130 km, in straight line, that the craft covered in one hour.

7:40 a.m.: in Nancy, a yellowish disc spins in the low sky, trailing behind it, a beam of light. Its size seems approximately that of a quarter of the moon.

From Neuvelle to Nancy: 125 kilometers, covered in 20': the pace, although still reduced, increases: 375 km per hour.

7:45 a.m. Chaumont-Montigny-le-Roy-Langres-Gemeaux. In a few tens of seconds, at an altitude which seems relatively low to the witnesses, a dazzling craft, with a capricious trajectory, splits the emerging day with its intense light, red at the front, clearer at the rear, with greenish reflections forming like a triangular bundle.

In Gemeaux, change of direction: the craft veers clearly towards the east. We see it in Oisilly, Vesoul, where a witness gave the exact time of his passage: 7:46 a.m.

Watch mismatch or temporary slowdown? It was not seen in Besançon until 4 minutes later.

New change of direction, less accentuated: Dole is overflown. From Chaumont, the object traveled about 250 kilometers, in 5 minutes. The morning snail has given way to a real racing car: 3,000 km.hour! (approximately).

And the extraordinary journey continues: Poligny, where it is seen as a disc of red yellow color, seeming to spin on itself, and followed by a bluish trail. Lons-le-Saulnier, where it moves slowly, stopping almost completely for ten seconds, before starting abruptly towards Switzerland, leaving behind it, as it accelerates, a huge glowing plume.

Which meteorite, which balloon would have indulged in such astonishing maneuvers, and, for a balloon, at such speeds?

However, to leave no doubt, we questioned the various weather stations in the region.

"No ballon was released" we were told.

Same answer at the American base in Semoutiers: it was neither one of our planes, nor a balloon launched by us!".

The Besançon observatory saw nothing, and for good reason: employees do not take service until 8:30 a.m.!

So, no question of balloons, even if we tried to admit an error of approximation of speed, speed otherwise confirmed by the figures.


These two hypotheses being eliminated, what remains?

There are only two possible explanations left: unmanned earthly vehicle... or a saucer.

However, to our knowledge, since the removal of the Mailly test station, there is no longer either in France or in Western Europe any launching base for such devices.

So here we are, once again, in front of a beautiful question mark: what was it then?


Another troubling point adds to the problem. At the same time as Haute-Marne, Doubs, Côte-d'Or, Jura were flown over, the region of Beaujeu and Mâcon also saw a circular, yellowish object moving quickly in the NNW-SSE direction, and seeming to move at a fairly low altitude.

It seems unlikely that this is the same object. Indeed, a simplified triangulation determines fairly approximately the "necessary and sufficient" conditions for the craft to have been seen from both Nancy and Beaujeu, 350 kilometers away in straight line!

Required altitude: 30,000 meters, in formal contradiction with the estimates given by witnesses, and which vary between 1,500 and 3,000 meters.

Minimum diameter so that the object has been seen as a single point (assuming that the separating power of the eye is equal to 1°) and not as "a large tangerine" or a disk as big as a quarter of the moon: a hundred meters.

And these conditions are all theoretical. They require, indeed, perfect visibility, which was not the case, many nebulous clusters covering certain places of the region.

In Dijon, and its surroundings, for example, there were two eighth covers, at 1,000 meters, at the time of observation. In Besançon: five eighths at 400 meters. In Nancy, no ceiling. The wind was calm everywhere.

We can therefore reasonably assume that it is not just one, but several unidentified objects, which furrowed the sky on Saturday morning.

[Map caption:] From Lunéville (top, right) to Lons-le-Saulnier, here is, roughly reconstructed from the testimonies collected, the extraordinary journey of the strange "unidentified object." Better than long comments, this sketch highlights the changes of direction and the variations in pace noted by the witnesses. A question mark: was it another craft that was seen at the same time in Saône-et-Loire?

And these objects were not optical illusions. Too many reliable witnesses (among them professors, school directors, engineers) in too many different places, gave details which clearly locate a material object:

What remains then as an explanation?

Those who have seen have their opinion more or less fixed: they saw one of these mysterious saucers, whose appearances in all parts of the globe have unleashed the most heated controversies.

To the others, I leave it to them to draw the conclusions that they find most satisfactory.

Anyway, here's a nice extra piece to the bulky "unidentified aerial objects" file!


What does the
U.S. Air Force knows

After America, France increasingly sees strange objects appear in its sky...

What are they? Where do they come from? The question, so far, has remained unanswered.

But the United States Air Force, the first, has opened an investigation that has dragged on for seven years.

Very soon, under the signature of an American expert [Donald Keyhoe] our journal will start publishing a fascinating series of articles; which will reveal to our readers some of the secret files of the US Air Force.

[Ref. cia1:] CIA:


CLASSIFICATION [Blackened out]


  REPORT NO. 00-W-29903
  CO NO.: ..
COUNTRY: Denmark, Dahomey (French West Africa), France, Sweden, West Germany, Pakistan, Union of South Africa   DATE OF INFORMATION: 1953-1954
SUBJECT: Military; Scientific - Unidentified flying objects  
HOW PUBLISHED:Daily newspaper   DATE DIST.: 20 Apr 1954
DATE PUBLISHED: 2 Nov 1953 - 27 Jan 1954  
LANGUAGES: French, German, Afrikaans, Swedish   SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO.:
[Blackened out] [Blackened out]   THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION
SOURCE: As indicated  


[... (Reports from other countries and France) ...]


Three residents of Luneville, Meurthe-et-Moselle Department, claim to have seen a round object flying from north to south at about 0600 hours on 9 January. The object flew more slowly than a jet plane and left a luminous yellow trail. It flew noiselessly, although appearing to be at low altitude. Several students of the College de Luneville also saw the object.

[... (Next reports)]

[Ref. jgu1:] JIMMY GUIEU:

Ufologist and science-fiction writer Jimmy Guieu reports that on January 9, 1954, in Lunéville, a red disc was seen, according to ufologist Charles Garreau's very detailed investigation.


The journalist, author and pioneer ufologist indicated that on Saturday January 9, 1954, at dawn, there was a "flash invasion" on the east of France; which according to him "seems to be a highlight in the voluminous 'flying saucers' file."

Garreau indicated that from "all places" in the region, information flocked to his desk, about an object that "flew for almost two hours above the East."

He said that the first reports left the door open to all hypotheses, meteor, balloon, jet plane, "or saucer!", but that the reports which reached him later would eliminate all these hypotheses except that of the flying saucer.

He recalled that meteors always have a perfectly rectilinear trajectory, a relatively high constant speed of 30.000 to 40.000 km/h, and that balloons have an apparent speed which cannot exceed that of the strongest stratospheric currents, from 300 to 400 km/h.

Among the cases he mentioned, there was that of 06:15 a.m. in the sky of Lunéville, speaking of a "streak of blinding light", and of a "round shaped craft" which "tore the sky apart" from north to south, in complete silence, "slower than a jet plane."

He ensures that between the place of this observation and the next one in Neuville [sic], there are 130 kilometers in straight line, that the "Mysterious Celestial Object" crossed in an hour.

He explained that no meteor or balloon could have engaged in the "zigzag" shown according to him by the observations of this morning, and that no plane of the time could have been able "to stop then accelerate at more than 3,000 per hour", performances which he deduced from some of the observations and distances between observation spots relative to the reported observations hours.

Garreau added that "to leave no doubt", he had questioned the various regional weather stations, and that he had been told that no balloon had been launched.

At the American base in Semoutiers, near Chaumont, he was told "It was neither a balloon, nor a plane, from here."

He added that the Besançon observatory had seen nothing, and that the Contrexéville and Dijon radar sets as well as the Perrogney goniometer in Haute-Saône had seen nothing, since their specialists only took their duty at 8 a.m..

He added that the "Scientific bureau" had hesitated to take a position, saying that the only possible "natural" explanation would be that of a meteor, but "the journey described by the object is such that it could not have been a single meteor. It would therefore have to be admitted that it was a swarm of meteorites which crossed "(under the clouds !!!)" the sky of eastern France following different trajectories."


French journalist and pioneer of French ufology Charles Garreau drew the map underneath to plot sightings which all occurred on January 9, 1954, between 06:15 a.m. and 07:50 a.m. in the East of France.

Though no narrative is joined, it is visible on the map that according to him a sighting of some sort occurred on January 9, 1954, at 06:15 a.m., in the city of Lunéville.



The authors exclude that this case is the meteor of January 9 since it occurred on January 10 in the morning. They indicate that a document of Jean Graziana says:

"Three residents of Lunéville claim to have seen this morning, January 10, around 6 hours, a craft of round shape, moving north to the south. The craft, they state, flew slower than a jet and left behind a luminous trail of yellow color. It flew without any noise although seemingly at low altitude. In addition to these three eyewitnesses, among them a literature professor, several pupils of the college of Lunéville also saw this apparatus."

Elsewhere in their book they give two sketches, the one on the left is the trip of the flying saucer according to Charles Garreau, the one on the right is the trajectory of the meteor according to them:


The authors fustigate [rightly] the ufologists who like Charles Garreau took the hours of observations given in the newspapers literally [as if people were then provided with stop watches! These hours are generally only approximations made a posteriori] and then believed in a complicated flying saucer travel where a meteor had actually passed.

Barthel and Brucker specify that the North-West to South-East trajectory of the meteor of 7:50 is confirmed by testimonies coming from other countries.


This author, journalist and ufologist indicates that on January 9, 1954, at 06:15, in a blinding dash of light, a craft of round shape tears the sky of Lunéville. It goes from north to south in complete silence and slower than a jet plane.

Combining this with other observations at the same time, he assures that it was not a balloon, a jet plane, or a meteor, but a real flying saucer. (He eliminates the meteor by ensuring that their trajectory "is always perfectly straight").


The authors say that the CIA collected many sightings through normal intelligence channels, something which they had supposedly fought to block with the Robertson Panel inquiry, and it included this one:

Round Flying Object Sighted at Luneville, France

Three residents of Luneville, Meurthe-et-Moselle Department claim to have seen a round object flying from North to South at about 0600 hours on January 9, 1954. The object flew more slowly than a jet plane but left a luminous yellow trail. It flew noiselessly, although appearing to be at a low altitude. Several students of the College of Luneville also saw the object.

[Ref. lgs1:] LOREN GROSS:

[... Other cases...]

France too.

Similarly, a UFO was reported wandering about over the countryside of France. The thing put on quite a show for two hours 6-8 a.m. on January 9th.

According to an investigator of the French civilian UFO group Ouranos, Charles Garreau, the sky object in question appeared first over the community of Luneville where it was seen glowing a brilliant scarlet. The same object was then over Nancy glowing yellow, and then above Montigny-le-Roy and two other towns, Langres and Gemeaux, where the object appeared red with green stripes. Finally, the thing was visible moving over Poligny showing a yellow-red color and leaving a blue trail behind it. Garreau makes no mention of the color of the UFO when it passed over two more towns but did say something about the object's maneuvers. As the thing sped over Chaumont it changed course while under observation, making a sharp turn and when arriving at Lons-le-Saulnier the thing hovered for a bit before speeding away leaving behind a huge red plume of smoke. Generally, the UFO's speed varied as did the altitude as indicated by witnesses statements, and the apparent size ranged from an orange to the full moon. 43.

[... Other cases...]


Godelieve van Overmeire indicates that in 1954, on January 9, in France, in Lunéville "At 06:15: a line of dazzling light, a machine of round shape tears down the sky of Lunéville, it goes from the north towards the south, in silence, faster than a plane. (Charles GARREAU: 'Alerte dans le ciel: le dossier des enlèvements' Alain Lefeuvre pub. 1981, p.100, 101)"

[Note: this Belgian "skeptical" ufologist has the wrong reference: this is not the 1981 book "Alerte dans le ciel: le dossier des enlèvements" by Garreau, but his 1956 book "Alerte dans le ciel".]

[Ref. jbu1:] JEROME BEAU:




Observation in Lunéville (France).

[Ref. lcn1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates that in the Meurthe et Moselle in Lunéville on January 9, 1954 at 06:15 hours, there was an "Observation of a discoïdal object of a dazzling red luminosity, throwing reflections of blood on the snow-covered countryside and leaving a long red trail. Going towards the south-west."

The source is given as "Les soucoupes volantes viennent d'un autre monde by Guieu Jimmy ** Fleuve Noir 1954".



The January 9, 1954, 07:48 a.m. meteor.

There was never a "very detailed investigation" published by Garreau on this case: he did not specify his source, he did not try to learn more on the sighting, he merely mislead himself by believing that the reported hours of those sightings must be exact. But they certainly were not, watches at the time were not always accurately set and there is not even evidence that the witness or witnesses did check their watch at the hour the sighting took place.

Even worse, we see that the hours for this sighting is given as "about 06:00 a.m." by Nice-Matin, as "a bit" before "07:55 a.m." by L'Est Républicain, and "06:15 a.m." by Garreau. How reliable could this be?

Note that I published this file with its explanation by the meteor in 2004, and that presently in 2020, 16 years later, none of the Web sources that I listed showed the slightest update or the slightest mention of a meteor.


(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Lunéville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, red, disc, multiple, Thibaut, trail, beam, light, round, fast, silent, red, reddish


[----] indicates sources that are not yet available to me.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross December 28, 2004 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross December 19, 2009 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version. Addition [lcn1].
1.1 Patrick Gross December 25, 2009 Addition [fgg1].
1.2 Patrick Gross January 10, 2010 Addition [goe1].
1.3 Patrick Gross October 25, 2014 Addition [lae1].
1.4 Patrick Gross November 2, 2016 Addition [lgs1].
1.1 Patrick Gross January 25, 2017 Addition [ler1].
1.2 Patrick Gross January 26, 2019 Addition of the Summary.
1.3 Patrick Gross April 29, 2019 Addition [cgu3].
1.4 Patrick Gross February 2, 2020 Addition [cgu1]. In the Summary, addition of the paragraphs "In his 1954 book..." and "For this case..." Explanations changed, were "The January 9, 1954, 07:48 a.m. meteor."
1.5 Patrick Gross January 3, 2021 Addition [bre1]. In the Summary, addition of the information from [bre1].
1.8 Patrick Gross January 8, 2021 Addition [bre2].

Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

 Feedback  |  Top  |  Back  |  Forward  |  Map  |  List |  Home
This page was last updated on January 8, 2021.