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The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this site is here.

September 27, 1954, Prémanon, Jura:

Reference number for this case: 27-sep-54-Prémanon. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.

Reports:

[Ref. gn1:] GENDARMERIE NATIONALE:

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GENDARMERIE NATIONALE

N° 30/4.

Saint-Claude, on September 29, 1954.

REPORT

by Captain [], Commander of []
on the appearance of a strange craft.

REFERENCE: Articles 78,81 et 87 of the May 20, 1903, decree

On September 27, 1954, around 08:30 p.m., three children, a 12-year-old boy and two eight- and four-year-old girls, of a family living on the farm [], Commune of PREMANON, Jura, declared separately and in a seemingly sincere manner, having seen, near their house, a strange device of aluminum color, of rectangular shape, split partly in the middle in the direction of the height, bearing on each side, at its base, two supports angled externally, and measuring approximately two meters high and one meter wide.

At the approach of this craft which was advancing and appeared to slide slowly, the boy reportedly grappeda stone which he reportedly threw in its direction. The shock would have produced a metallic sound. Using an Eureka pistol with which he was equipped of, the child would have shot an arrow that reportedly sounded identical to the previous one.

As the machine continued to advance, the boy was reportdly nocked over by a kind of grunt that did not resemble a human voice.

The frightened child would have rushed home to bed.

His two young sisters who entered the barn from the inside of the building, would have in turn seen this kind of robot on the threshold of the door; they give a somewhat similar description.

Frightened also, they reportedly hid in the hay to leave it only a few moments after the craft had left the scene.

They added that after about 100 meters of their house they saw a red glow swinging at the level of the ground, but having returned to their

....../..

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parents, they did not see what became of it later.

The latter, to whom the children had reported the facts, did not want to give them the least credit and did not seek to check into it. They did not want their name to be revealed.

The publicity for this event originated in the children's story to their teacher, who seems to have faith in what they say.

These children live in a remote part of the city, do not go to the movie theaters, and do not read newspapers where they could draw on elements that would encourage their imagination.

#519 / 3.S Seen and transmitted by the Chief of Squadron, Commanding Officer of the Jura Gendarmerie Company, []

to Mister the Colonel commanding the 7th Legion bis od the Gendarmerie, []

In BESANCON

- An additional investigation made it possible to find traces where the light was seen (grass lying on the surface of a crown with diameter 3 m 80 and 2 m 50).

- A supplementary report is attached.

in Lons-le-Saunier, on October 2, 1954

[Ref. er1:] "L'EST REPUBLICAIN" NEWSPAPER:

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A "saucer" said to have landed in the Haut Jura

MOREZ (From our correspondent). - "We saw ghosts last night," Raymond Romand, 12, and his sister Janine, 9, told at school in the village of Prémanon (Jura) on Tuesday.

It was 8:30 p.m. on Monday and the storm rumbled over the Upper Jura regions. The young Raymond Roland, hearing the barking of the dog of the house, went out and... saw a silver object about two meters high, standing on three feet, in the middle of the farmyard.

At first scared, Raymond went inside quickly, then came out again armed with all his courage and... a few stones that he threw at the mysterious machine; which had moved slightly in the meantime. The child approached then, and the brilliant object set out, releasing a breath which threw the young Raymond on the ground.

His frightened cry attracted his little sister Janine, who also saw what was immediately called the flying saucer of Premanon in the region.

Although the rain had not stopped falling since Tuesday, the gendarmerie, which carried out the investigation, found marks on the lawn at the place indicated by the children.

Saucer or not saucer, a fact: the fear of the young Raymond Roland was such that this child, absolutely normal on Sunday, is, since this appearance, stuttering.

[Ref. gn2:] GENDARMERIE NATIONALE:

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GENDARMERIE NATIONALE

#30/4.

Saint-Claude, on October 1st, 1954.

SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT

by the Captain [], Commander []
on the appearance of a mysterious machine in PREMANON, Jura.

REFERENCE: Articles 78, 81 and 87 of the Decree of 20 May 1903.
Following report No. 29/4 of 29 September 1954.

Due to some more or less accurate press information, the Section Commander felt obliged to carry out a new investigation into the mysterious craft which was reportedly seen on 27 September 1954 by the children of a PREMANON farm, (Jura).

Although the parents persist in believing or making believe that the substance of the case is inaccurate, the young witnesses remain affirmative.

A scenario can not be a priori so well mounted, if it were simply the fruit of the imagination of these young children who, moreover, do not vary in their statements.

In the direction in which the red glow was seen swinging at the level of the ground, but at a slightly greater distance (about 200 meters), on the grassy ground there is a large crown, the outer and inner circles of which have a diameter of 3 m. 50 and 2 m. 50.

Despite the abundant rainfall in recent days and the trampling of the curious, it still appears clearly and perfectly drawn. On its entire surface, the grass is lying and oriented in a counterclockwise direction.

According to the opinion of first reliable witnesses, including that of the priest of the parish, this drawing cannot be the work of an ordinary object or the ordinary trampling by people or animals.

Four holes, initially very apparent and determining the angles of a large trapezium inside the great circle, now merge with the cattle tracks. These traces, add the same witnesses,

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seem to have been made by kinds of feet carrying at their ends three lugs arranged in a triangle.

It was not possible to gather other elements.

No. 523 / 3.S- Seen and transmitted by the Chief of Squadron []

to Mister the COLONEL Commanding the 7th Legion Bis de Gendarmerie.

in PREMANON

Lons-le-Saunier, on 2 October 1954.

[Ref. lp1:] NEWSPAPER "LE PROGRES":

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Saucer... fly!

Passagers of the Prémanon saucer look like sugar lumps

There was already the boa of Martigna in the High-Jura. At least the legendary boa had a beginning of reality: with the passing of the years, the little children do not know so well any more nowadays if this 6 meters length red animal was not, by the way, a scarlet flannel belt.

With Prémanon's flying saucer, one is left guessing.

The case occurred in the opaque darkness of a rainy night. And as it is appropriate for mystery story, it was in the premises of an isolated farm, at 3 kilometers of Prémanon, a small village lost in the mountain, near the France-Switzerland border. There are four heroes. The elder, Raymond Romand, aged 12, played the main character. Leaving home, he suddenly saw "the object," which was moving, which was brilliant, and which had, this time, the appearance of a rectangle.

- It was high as the door, the child repeated to us.

Then he threw stones at him, and one of the stones produced the characteristic sound of a struck metal piece. Going though phases of fright and curiosity, Raymond Romand takes his arrow gun. Again, the same metallic noise. And then, approaching more, Raymond Romand felt that "something cold" suddenly weighs on his shoulder. He falls to the ground. He stands up. He shouts. He flees to his home, without telling anything to anybody in the family. Previously, Jeannine Romand, aged 9, had already seen, inside the lit barn, a similar object of rectangular shape, of aluminum color, which moved with a hardly perceptible noise. Frightened, the child hid in a corner.

Later, the younger of the other Romand children calls his two sisters downwards to show them a ball of red light in a field, at more than 200 meters of the house. All three see the ball move while oscillating from the right-hand side to the left hand side. Then, it all disappears.

So, it would seem as if a mysterious craft landed in Prémanon. Did the alive creature resemble a right-angled parallelepiped (all things considered, a sugar lump?) and the ball of red light may perhaps be the interplanetary vehicle.

Wednesday, September 29, the gendarmerie, which has heard of the story, proceeded with the traditional investigation.

With Mrs. Geuillon [Genillon?], teacher of the village, which was the first to get the confidences of the Romand children, with the gendarmes of Des Rousses, we noticed, at the precise place where the four kids had seen the ball of red light, that the ground was literally pressed, with the colchic flattened as with a press, four holes resulting from the depression of four triangular corners. And also, a mast, the fir tree whose bark had been torn off on 15 centimeters, at 1 meter 50 above the ground.

[Ref. gl1:] "LA GAZETTE DE LAUSANNE" NEWSPAPER:

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AT THE BORDER

A mysterious craft said to have landed in the French High Jura

(c) Three children of a family living in an isolated farm in Prémanon (Jura) reported sighting a mysterious craft near the paternal home on Monday, September 27 at 8:30 p.m.

The children, a 12-year-old boy, an eight-year-old girl and a four-year-old girl, were perfectly normal, they did not go to the movies and did not read children's magazines publishing illustrated stories that might have influenced their imagination. Their statements were therefore recorded with the utmost seriousness and properly forwarded to the competent authorities.

The young boy said it was a metallic shape, an aluminum color, two meters high and one meter wide, which moved easily. He claimed to have thrown a stone on the craft, in contact with which it emitted a metallic sound. Then he says he also threw a wooden spike filled with rubber with his spring pistol. He then reportedly perceived a similar metallic sound but less intense. After that the craft reportedly advanced towards the child whom it would have struck and overthrown while uttering "grunts".

More emotional, the two girls fled into the barn. They claim to have seen the "shape" one meter from the front door. They hid cautiously in the hay.

Finally, the three children saw the "object" disappear, moving away in the sky leaving behind a reddish glow.

Is it an invasion of people from another planet? We publish this information with all the usual reservations, insisting however that the three young people were still not influenced by the appearance of similar apparatuses, belonging to an honorably known family who wishes to remain anonymous and consequently seeks no advertising effect.

[Ref. sm1:] "LA SEMAINE DU MONDE" MAGAZINE:

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Mrs. Genillon, teacher in Saint-Claude, noticed that her pupils were, that day, particularly inattentive.

- But what's with all of you?

- Well it's that yesterday we saw a ghost... answered the young Raymond Romand, aged 12...

The gendarmerie and Mrs. Genillon's husband made an investigation and since they are left wondering. Young Raymond does not vary in his statements.

- It was last Monday. We were playing with Janine (aged 9 ) in the barn. She was weird. "I saw a ghost! He does not make any noise." I look outside: I see the thing. you would have said it's a sugar lump, it was not taller than me. I throw stones at it; I tried to approach, but I was thrown at the ground and I was very cold"...

The next day, Mr. Genillon, wanting to have the final word on this, checked the account of these kids and noted that at the place where the kids claimed to have seen the "sugar lump", the grass was flattened and a pole which was installed by a vacation camp had a mark torn off on 15 cm at a height of 1 m 50.

[Ref. ra1:] "RADAR" MAGAZINE:

The magazine published this photograph of young Raymond questioned by a gendarmerie officer:

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And:

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[Top left caption:] These notches in the meadow represent the footprints left on the ground by the mysterious craft. Mobile and color of fire, high as a door.

JURA: -- It looked like a sugar lump

SAINT-CLAUDE. -- The saucer under the astonished eyes of the Romand children differs markedly from all those which were making their appearance in the sky of France, and left their imprints on the earth more or less. A ball of color so vivid that it makes one think of an incandescent metal. The passengers are even more original. They look exactly like a giant sugar lump. Like the visitors of Dewilde, in the Nord, they are able to emit a strange radiation that paralyzes.

[Bottom left caption:] The gendarmerie captain Brustel went to Prémanon. He interviews the young Raymond Romand, 12 years old. The child is very affirmative. Although he was very scared, he clearly saw saucer and pilot.

[Bottom right caption]: When it took off, the ball of fire struck the fir tree and burned its bark on about 13 centimeters at a height of about 1 m 50.

[Ref. br1:] "LA BOURGOGNE REPUBLICAINE" NEWSPAPER:

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THE WANDERING "MARTIANS"

(Continued)

Nevers (from our Press Correspondent.). -- According to the testimonies of five people, whose sincerity cannot be doubted, a flying saucer crossed the sky of Château-Chinon on Sunday evening, around 9 p.m. The strange apparition took place around 9 pm. This time, it is a luminous spot, of oval shape, appearing motionless at a very high altitude. At one time the spot appeared to separate into two parts, and each of the formed discs began to turn at full speed, changing color several times. Then everything went out. At the end of a few minutes, the first light spot reappeared, before splitting again and turning. The same phenomenon repeated several times under the more amazed than frightened eyes of the five residents of Chateau-Chinon.

Is it the same machine that was seen at Santenay at approximately the same hour? In any case, the testimony of the residents of Santenay is confirmed by that of the Lille residents who, a few moments earlier, saw three luminous "croissants" above the region.

The "Sauceritis" continues its ravages

Morez (from our special correspondent). -- In the Upper Jura where the statements of the children of Prémanon affirming that they had stoned a saucer, the minds are heated.

The other day, a resident of Les Rousses (whose name is not given) announced that a saucer had landed at the "Combe aux Chèvres" in a small clearing in the forest of the Massacre.

In fact, the many curious (20 cars at least) who drove there, did see a metallic object resplendent in the sun.

In addition, police roadblocks had been installed on all roads. It was learned later that the police were hunting more for Baranès, whose passage to Switzerland was feared, than for the Martian, for the saucer of the forest of the Massacre was only a rain gauge installed there for years!

FLYING SAUCER IN SAVIGNY-LES-BEAUNE

Saturday, 10 pm. 30 and 23 h. 45, a group of four people from Savigny-les-Beaune saw a very bright "ball of fire" followed by a long green trail, which crossed the sky at a dizzying pace.

Two other people who were in a different place also noticed the phenomenon.

It is therefore not a hallucination ... but is it really a "saucer"?

[Ref. ip1:] "ICI PARIS":

[Note: In only have this frame grabbed from an ORTF (French TV) documentary on "flying Saucers" of February 14, 1965. Only the headline is readable.]

Because a "Martian"
kissed him, Raymond (aged 12)
- the young Galileo of the Jura -
was spanked by his mother...

[Ref. co1:] "LE COURRIER DE L'OUEST" NEWSPAPER:

[...]

Other people in France saw or touched these mysterious beings. A child of Morez who had never heard about flying saucers said to have been kissed by being "tall like a door and shining like an ice cupboard", and spanking didn't shut up this 12 year old kid.

[...]

[Ref. ll1:] NEWSPAPERS "LE LORRAIN" - "L'EST REPUBLICAIN"::

While his little brother, eyes wide opened, looked at the "Field-that-Burns"

Raymond, 12, attacked a "flying saucer" with a toy revolver

then fled, believing he saw a ghost

MOREZ (from our correspondent). -- In a recent issue, we briefly reported the mishap to a 12 year old boy, victim a strange being resembling a huge sugar lump from another world, using one of these mysterious unidentified flying objects that currently invade Europe.

Investigations. Observations... Was a 12 years old Jurassic boy the hero of the first interplanetary battle?

Perhaps future will tell. But certainly this cute story won't be noted in History!

6 p.m.. Raymond will not come. The green van of the baker of Les Rousses who, today, carries out the bi-weekly round, had disappeared long ago from the turning of the road. Raymond did not come to get the bread this evening. Just like his brothers and sisters, he didn't go to school this day.

I did approach the maisonette, laying "Under the Rock" ["Sous la Roche"]. I did see the kid there, playing two steps: but at my sight he had run away.

Since that Wednesday when the gendarmerie squad of Les Rousses came at "Under the Rock", by Prémanon, a small village nested in the Jurassic forest, at a few kilometers of the France-Switzerland border, since the extraordinary adventure of Raymond Romand was known, tens of cars had passed in the rocky path. Thousand times, the young boy had answered the same questions: shown the treaded colchicums, the marks on the fir tree mast...

His had become tired. He too, and he did not intend any more to talk about this strange story; this unreal being with whom he "played" or "fought" by a evening rainy, in a landscape of the end of the world.

And yet, the 12 years of Raymond had, that evening, with a handful of stones and a toy gun spitting arrows with rubberized ends, written one of the most beautiful chapter of the bulky "Flying saucers" file!

Raymond is not imaginative

That Monday, the Romand family lived an evening like all the others. It was eight hour thirty. The night fell and, with it, a small cold rain which announced unpleasantly that October would soon run away in search for snow.

In the barn, Raymond, 12 years old, Janine, 9 years old, Ghislaine, 8 years old and Claude, 4 years old, organized a big game. They were going to live another game. A game that most imaginative children of this age cannot create, and, undoubtedly, cannot know!

Captain Brustel of the section of Saint-Claude will tell us. Mrs. Genillon, teacher in Prémanon also: Raymond is not imaginative. Tall, solid for his age, lost in the depth of his native Jura, he does not read illustrated magazines for children. Obviously he had never heard speak about "flying saucers."

So?

So, Raymond did not dream. His brothers and sisters neither, who never contradicted one another during the investigation.

A mysterious machine must really have landed "Under the Rock."

Police and thieves

But let's go back to this Monday, September 29, at the hour when, suddenly, the plot would unfold as in the best science fiction novels.

A barking of dog. A child's laughter. Raymond goes tot on the doorstep of the barn in which Janine, Ghislaine and Claude seek a good hiding-place. Police and thieves... Raymond, who is armed with an arrow gun will be the representative of the law. He will wait a few minutes outside, and then, thanks to his intuition...

An icy and impalpable weight

But what's that then? The young boy, half anxious, half curious, suddenly sees within a few meters of him, moving in the half-light, a brilliant "object."

"It was high as the door, the kid would say, and resembled a large rectangle..."

A tiny nervous finger which presses the trigger of a kid's gun. A split second during which a heart beats at a crazy pace. And then a shock which produces a metallic sound.

Raymond becomes daring. A handful of stones flies towards the "shining object" which produces the same noise of "struck metallic sheet."

At this point in time, still approaching, Raymond feels "something cold, impalpable and icy" which weighs upon him on the shoulder. Pressed unto the ground, he shouts his fear and, trembling, runs away home, where, with the reserved character usual with people in the mountains, he won't say a thing to his family.

We've seen ghosts

But Janine, too, inside the barn, whereas she shrunk behind the hay, saw "a similar object", of aluminum color, moving without noise.

A few minutes later, the youngest among the kids, Claude Romand, will come to pull her from the bottom of her skirt, taking her in front of the farm, to show her "the field that": a ball of fire moving while oscillating from left to right at more than 200 meters, in the meadow downwards.

Without saying anything, they went to bed.

But as soon as the next day, at school, Mrs. Genillon will be their confident.

"We saw ghosts yesterday evening", they told her. And the 12 years of Raymond wont even boast in repeating that he had fought with one of them.

Two days had passed, and the rain was still falling when the gendarmerie of Les Rousses opened the investigation. Perhaps the traces... Not, they were still very visible.

And at the foot of a mast set by a vacation camp, at the very place indicated by the children, in front of grass pressed in a counter-clockwise motion, more than one curious people one would demonstrate their amazement.

Four holes in the ground, of triangular form, tilted by 45 degrees and the mast of fir tree marked on 15 cm at a height of 1.50 meter still came to support the statements of the Romand kids!

As for the great parallelepiped seen by Raymond and Janine, it is allowed to make the assumption that he was the passenger of the mysterious apparatus.

And, small story of the great History, one will perhaps forever be unaware that a handful of stones and an arrow gun were the weapons of the first interplanetary battle whose single soldier was a 12 year old boy...

J.M.

[Ref. gb1] GRAY BARKER:

A child of a farmer living near Premanon said he heard his dog barking in the field and found a three-legged saucer six feet high at which he threw stones. As usual, "It rose in the air and quickly disappeared."

[... Other cases...]

That saucers often appear in the configuration people would like them to assume could be evidenced by a report from Sainte Claude, where some children watched the landing of a saucer "of such vivid color that it looked like the metal was burning." The occupant was described by the children as looking "LIKE A GIANT LUMP OF SUGAR."

[Ref. jg1:] JIMMY GUIEU:

The author indicates that on September 27, 1954, an amazing event occurred in Prémanon in the Haut-Jura, into which his friend Charles Garreau investigated thoroughly.

Charles Garreau reconstituted the following dialogue:

- Madam, yesterday evening, we saw a phantom, admits Raymond Roman, a 12 years old boy.

- Come one, Raymond, don't tell me silly things, Mrs. Genillon, the teacher, smiles.

- But I assure you, Madam. First, I was not alone; my sisters and my brother were there. It was a weird thing and we were quite afraid! It blew at me when I approached and that made me fall. It resembled a sugar lump with a slit in the bottom.

Raymond traced on the blackboard a disconcerting silhouette, Mrs. Genillon was quickly convinced of his sincerity, and the gendarmerie was alerted.

Captain Brustel of the gendarmerie of Saint Claude took up the investigation and Raymond told again the story of his adventure, cited as follows:

"It was last Monday (September 27, 1954). It was raining. We played in the hayloft. It might have been a little more than eight hours and half. Outside, the dog starts to bark. Suddenly, Jeannine (9 years old) comes and tells us: I have just seen a weird thing in the barn. You would have said a walking phantom; it makes no noise. I rush inside the barn. Nothing anymore. I open the door to look outside and there, I see the thing. You would have said a large sugar lump on three feet, and it shone much. It was not far, within a few meters, it was not very tall, about like me."

"I pick up some stones, I throw them, ont hits with a sort of metal sheet noise, and I shoot at it with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure which lays me down on the ground. I stood up, and we fled. A few minutes later, we saw a 'ball of fire' which moved while oscillating like a falling leaf, in a field within 150 meters of the farm; then all disappeared."

Jimmy Guieu notes that one is tempted to think "what a tall tale!" but "disconcerting observations come to support" the child's story. At the place where the kids said to have seen the "ball of fire", there is a circle, 4 meters in diameter, whose grass is lying in the counter-clockwide direction, and four holes resulting from the depression of rectangular "corners" of ten in section, inclined at 45°, are also found. A mast drawn up here by a holiday camp and whose bark is torn off on 15 centimeters at a height of 1 m 50 approximately was seriously studied, a wood specialist who examined it confirmed that the bark "had indeed been torn off" at the indicated date. At the foot of the mast, two holes identical to the other ones are visible. It is supposed that the craft, while landing, scratched the mast; it would then have moved of a few meters before stopping.

Guieu quotes Garreau:

"Friday, October 1, new reconstitution. Not once did the children contradict themselves. The gendarmerie Captain had to admit that 'something' had actually occurred in the farmyard of this small village of the Haut-Jura, lost on a deserted plate, a few kilometres from Morez. The teacher knows the children well: they are not the imaginative type, she said. And Raymond had neither the face nor the eyes of a child who lies. The village priest agrees: the youngster could not have made up the story of the 'fluid' which threw him at the ground..."

During eight days it rained over this area; however, the traces remained quite distinct. Charles Garreau examined them lengthily and concluded:

"The grass is curved but was not packed; the craft thus landed on kinds of crutches (which left on their site the four holes of section ten). The large circle, 4 meters in diameter, on which the grass was lying was thus not produced by the body of the machine, but by a powerful field of force (magnetic) at the time of the landing or takeoff. Moreover, I total lack of burn traces radically eliminates the assumption of a reactive propulsion system."

Jimmy Guieu indicates that he sumbitted this "particularly characteristic" case to his friend Captain Jean Plantier, author of the "remarkable book: Propulsion La Propulsion des Soucoupes Volantes par action directe sur l'Atome, (Mame publishers)."

J. Plantier proposed that at the time of the takeoff of the craft, even if it were not posed on the ground, the ground and the stones in its immediate vicinity underwent a vertical power directed to the top, a force necessarily higher than the effect of gravity, and they thus had a tendency, during a short moment, to also take off with the machine. But the viscosity of the ground, its internal resistance due in particular to the roots, joined to the brevity of the phenomenon, results in nothing if it is a slow takeoff, in the case of a vertical force which is only very slightly higher than the effect of terrestrial gravity.

On the other hand, when there is a "tremendously fast" takeoff, a stone would undergo, because it is much denser, a much higher force than that undergone by the quantity of ground occupying the same volume. "If one supposed that, for sudden takeoff, the force applied to the atoms is three or four times higher than the effect of terrestrial gravity, the stone would thus tend to "fall up", as would for example a piece of lead incorporated in a lump of butter if it were centrifuged. All the stones close enough to the surface of the ground would thus be extracted, hence the undermining left by the craft, and the deepest would have just moved slightly upwards, this could be checked by proceeding to a cut in the ground..."

[Ref. am1:] AIME MICHEL:

...let's cast a look on the small Jurassic village of Prémanon, where in the evening of September 27, the most attractive story perhaps of all the autumn 1954 occurred.

PREMANON, OR THE INNOCENCE. There is something of mysteriously touching in the Prémanon case: it is that the only witnesses are all young children. Their adventure, they lived it like a game until the moment when, the play becoming incomprehensible, curiosity made place to terror. But then they did not cry, they did not say anything to their parents: as it was nearly 21 hours, they went to bed, mute and pensive. Same silence the following day. It is their young teacher, Mrs. Génillon, who, guessing something odd from their attitude and their whispers, made the elder one, Raymond Romand, twelve years old, speak out.

"Ok, he finally admitted: yesterday evening, we saw phantoms."

And he told it all: he, his brother Claude (four years old) and his sisters Janine (nine years old) and Ghislaine (eight years old), had seen the day before at the door of the hayloft where they played two "tin phantoms", and in the meadow, within 150 meters, a large ball of fire gently dandling itself. The phantoms resembled a "sugar lump split in bottom, making legs".

Mrs. Génillon interrogated the three other children, who, each one in his manner, gave one after the other the same erport, confirming the same details, explaining what they had seen with other naive images, like the sugar lump.

The story, although incredible, was of an absolute coherence. Mrs. Génillon even made draw on the blackboard the "sugar lump". She knew these children. She was quickly convinced, whatever had been the thing they really contemplated, that their account was veracious. She informs the gendarmerie of Les Rousses, the village with the nearest squad, who informs their senior officer captain Brustel, from Saint-Claude, the nearest sub-prefecture. Those arrived Wednesday September 29, approximately 36 hours after the incident, and began at once their investigation under the control of the captain.

THE INVESTIGATION. One proceeded first of all to the separate interview of the children (four, eight, nine and twelve years old, let us not forget it). Their story stood up. No contradiction, and a note of sincerity to which the gendarmes testified, and also the teacher, the priest, and later, journalists. The scene was then reconstituted, with the same result. Here it is, such as it arises from the reports written by the investigators.

It is 08:30 p.m. approximately. The four children play in the barn, while outside, in the black night, a cold and thick rain falls on the meadows and the nearby forest. The Romand farm is isolated in the mountain, at more than 1000 meters of altitude.

Suddenly, outside, the dog starts to bark. Raymond, the elder one, gets out in front of the door, and almost throws himself at an object having the shape of a vertical rectangle - a sugar lump - split in the bottom and reflecting under the rain the light of the door. The child looks at it, amazed but little impressed, collects some small stones which he throws at the thing. They rebound with a metallic noise.

The child takes his spring gun and shoots a dart with rubber end. Same result. He then approaches for touching, but before having time to do it, het is thrown on the ground as by an invisible and icy pressure. Raymond suddenly understands that one does not have fun with "that", stands up and moves back in the barn, terrified.

Alerted by the cry of surprize and fright he pushes while falling, Janine (nine years), runs, throws a glance outside and also sees the "thing" which moves while being dandled.

She moves back in her turn towards the others. They stay there a while, amazed, return towards the door, see nothing any more and flee towards the house.

While they run, Claude, the youngest, suddenly exclaims:

"Oh! Janine, look!"

And he shows to his sister a large red luminous ball which oscillates gently within 150 meters from there, in the meadow below the farm. They all stop, look at it one moment, then resume running and return quickly to the house.

It is soon 9 o'clock. The four children go to bed without saying anything to their parents, and this astonished the journalists (not the gendarmes nor the teacher, who are country). If it is allowed to somebody who also formerly a small farmer in a mountain farm to deliver his opinion, I would say that my brothers and me would have most probably done the same.

THE RED BALL. "But this red ball, gendarmes asked, where did you see it?

- Over there, in the meadow", they said.

The four children led the investigators to it. It had rained almost without stop for two days, and however the gendarmes found irrecusable and amazing traces: at the indicated place, and on a circular surface approximately 4 meters in diameter, the grass was lying in the counter-clockwise direction. Not crushed, nor torn off, but simply flattened, solidified in the motionless image of a swirl. Some autumn colchiques flowers seemed to have been pressed down. The edge of the circle was very clear. In the surface of the circle, four holes laid out in square marked the depression of corners triangular of 10 centimeters in section and bent at 45 degrees towards the center.

Beside the circle, a mast planted the previous summer by the children of a boot camp was scratched on 15 centimetres, its bark torn off, at a height of 1,50 m. A wood specialist, having examined this scratch, stated that it certainly dated from the day before or the two days before.

At the foot of the mast, the investigators found two traces similar to the four triangular holes of the circle, but lengthened in a kind of skid. All these traces gave the idea of a craft which, at the moment of the landing, had run up against the mast and hung a bit of the ground of the meadow before immobilizing itself a little further.

Charles Garreau, who went to Prémanon one week after the incident, still saw very clearly all the traces, in spite of the persistent rain and the curious people. He asked the opinion of the villagers on this strange business. The Jurassic people are wary and silent people. The opinion was however that something had landed there. But what? And that the children had not lied. Can four children from four to twelve years support for a long time the tricks of an interrogation? Captain Brustel, the gendarmes, the teacher, the priest, the Romand parents thought that they did not lie. And then, there were these traces, impossible to reproduce, and well too abstract for a childish imagination. Lastly, the investigators noted that none of the children had initially thought of a Flying Saucer. They had seen "phantoms", and it is the adults, after the account made at the school, who had the idea of the Flying Saucer came for the first time. The investigators could even acquire the certainty that only the elder one had heard about Saucers, although this expression did not evoke anything clear to him.

Such is the Prémanon case, the most poetic undoubtedly of all the history of the Flying saucers. If some day a museum of innocence is opened, a tenderizing place will be reserved there, I hope, to the dart gun of the young Raymond Romand.

[Ref. lo1:] JIM LORENZEN:

On September 27th, 1954, sightings were made at Perpignan near Foussignorgues [sic], at Lemps, Premanon and Rixheim. Once again these sightings fall on a straight line, the Rixheim sighting was of a stationary cigar-shape, Rixheim lies at one end of the line. Two other sightings of September 27th line up with Rixheim one in Eastern Paris and one at Francles - though not in the same line as the others.

[Ref. le1:] LEONARD G. CRAMP:

The author says that "one of the most authenticated cases involving a grounded saucer" took place on 27 September, 1954 at a little village called "Premanou", Eastern France, with witnesses who were all young children, Raymond Romand, 12, his sisters Janine and Ghislaine, 9 and 8 and their little brother Claude, 4.

They were playing in the barn as it was quite dark and raining outside, when suddenly their dog started to bark. Raymond went outside to investigate and almost ran into something shaped like a "lump of sugar standing on end" that seemed to be split at the bottom. It eerily reflected the light from the barn. Not unduly concerned, the lad first threw some pebbles at it, which bounced off with a noise "like as if they had struck tin"; then he took his toy pistol and shot a rubbertipped arrow at the object, with no result.

Plucking up his courage, the boy had advanced so as to touch it, when he was instantly knocked to the ground by "an ice-cold invisible force". Scrambling to his feet, the terrified boy retreated into the barn. Hearing Raymond's yell, Janine looked out in time to see the thing going off with a queer kind of waddling gait.

The huddling children had then peeped through the door and, seeing nothing, fled to the farmhouse, where young Claude excitedly pointed to a large red luminous ball of light which was hanging in the air in the meadow below the farm.

The four children had gone to bed that night terrified, saying no word to their parents. Noticing their whispered remarks the next day, their school teacher had managed to coax Raymond into telling her the story. The children were quite convinced they had seen a ghost. Questioned separately, their stories tallied exactly.

The next day, police asked the children to show them the position of the red ball. "Over there in the meadow", they said, leading the way, and at the indicated spot, the investigators found strange marks, despite the heavy rain.

"Over a circular area about 12ft in diameter, the grass was flattened counter-clockwise, fixed in the motionless pattern of a whirlwind. Meadow flowers within the circle looked as if they had been put through a press." Also within the circle, which was clearly defined, were four holes arranged in a square, shaped as though four triangular objects, four inches across, had sunk into the ground. They made a forty-five degree angle towards the centre.

At one side a flagpole had a 6 inch strip of bark torn from it, 5 feet above the ground, a little to one side of it there were another two marks like the triangular ones, but they were elongated as if something had dragged and bounced a little before coming to rest.

The author says that everyone who interviewed the children were satisfied beyond doubt that this was no childish prank and, in any case, living as they did in an isolated mountain farm some 3000 feet high, the children had little chance to hear of flying saucers.

[Ref. cp1:] CLAUDE POHER, UFO RESEARCH GROUP "GEPA":

In 1968-1969, before the official GEPAN ufology effort started, its future head Dr Claude Poher was a member of the unofficial GEPA ufology group, and gathered a computer coded listing of more than 700 UFO reports on which multiple factors statistical computation could be run. In the file were a number of 1954 French UFO reports, among those this one.

For readability, a decoded interpretation of the data is provided here under the original 80 character encoded string. Decoding was done according to the original indications, the code number and its generic meaning is given. Please not that the generic meaning of each code is a predefined category, not the real specific details of the case. For example, if the main witness' age was 33, the coding would result in a number "3" which corresponds to a category "Adult from 21 to 59 years."

Original code:0618552709195420301JA301101000001701021200C0109004110000000000050000000800000000
Location:Premanon (Jura) - France
Case number:0618
Source code:55
Nature of the source:Reports from official French sources: Police, Gendarmerie, Army, Pilots
Day:27
Month:09
Year:1954
Hours:20
Minutes:30
Type of Time:1 = local time
Number of witnesses:3 = 3
Main witness named:0 = name is not indicated
Main witness age:1 = 0 to 13 years
Main witness occupation:1 = schoolboy, shepherd
Official investigation:1 = an official investigation was made
Weather:0 = no indication
Duration:0 = no indication
Minimal distance witness - phenomenon:0 = no indication
Method of observation:0 = no indication
Number of "objects" observed simultaneously:01 = 1
Shape of the "object" (terminology of witness(es)):7 = square, rectangular, parallelepiped
Dimensions of the phenomenon:0102 = 1 meter by 2 meters
Color of the observed phenomenon:12 = metallic, silver, polished aluminum
Luminosity of the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Lights or projectors on the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Moving speed of the phenomenon:C = "slow" or "very slow"
Acceleration of the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Trajectory of the phenomenon:1 = straight line or very wide curve
Sounds perceived during observation:0 = no indication
Maximum angular height of observation (horizon = 0°):9 = "seen on ground" or "close to the ground"
Nature of the landing place:0 = no indication
Number of contact points with ground:4 = 4
Traces of landing:1 = traces observed
Observation of "occupants":1 = disembarkation of one or more occupant without counting
Height of the occupants observed:00 = no indication
Garment of the occupants:00 = no indication
Garment:0 = no indication0 = no indication
General behavior of "occupants":0 = no indication
Interaction of "occupants" with witness:0 = no indication
Head, hair:0 = no indication
Voice, breathing, chin:0 = no indication
Skin:0 = no indication
Eyes:0 = no indication
Mouth:0 = no indication
Various details:5 = "metallic robot"
Thermal effects:0 = no indication
Luminous effects:0 = no indication
Magnetic effect (or electromagnetic):0 = no indication
Odor perceived by witness:0 = no indication
Physiological effects on the witness(es):0 = no indication
Psychological effect on the witness(es):0 = no indication
Effects on animals:0 = no indication
Other effects reported:8 = violent mechanical action
Nebulosity:0 = no indication
Oscillations, emission of matter:0 = no indication
Spin, formation flight:0 = no indication
Immediate disappearance:0 = no indication
Halo surrounding the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Interaction witness / phenomenon (complement to the other rubrics):0 = no indication
Drawing or photo:0 = no indication
Structural details observed:0 = no indication

[Ref. ob1:] OTTO BINDER:

"As for the professional scientists," wrote Dr. Jacques Vallee (Challenge to Science: the UFO Enigma), "to brush away such accounts (the Premanon, France, landing of a UFOnaut) with a smile is for them one of the tests of fashion. This silence in high places should disturb us greatly."

[Ref. jv6:] JACQUES VALLEE:

Jacques Vallée indicates that on september 27, there was an interesting testimony in Prémanon.

[Ref. jv5:] JACQUES VALLEE:

151 -006.02730 46.46340 27 09 1954 20 30 1 PREMANON -S.MOREZ F 011441 C * 143

[Ref. jv1:] JACQUES VALLEE:

Vallée indicates that UFO landings seem to occur more often in remote areas that in populated centers and discusses the case in Prémanon on September 27, 1954, as typical.

He indicates Prémanon is a tiny French village perched in the magnificent mountains of the Jura, very close to the Swiss border. He specifies that all the witnesses were children, that it was one of the first UFO landings of the French 1954 wave, and that Aimé Michel called it "perhaps the most interesting of the entire autumn."

Vallée indicates that it took place on a rainy night at the farm of the Romand family, on a desolate area far from the center of the village, when at 8 o'clock, Raymond Romand. 12, decided to go out for a walk. Just as he closed the door, he froze on the spot because there was a strange object in the yard of the farm. It was vaguely shining and looked like a vertical aluminum box, described as "as tall as a door, and shiny, like a wardrobe with a mirror."

[Ref. jv2:] JACQUES VALLEE:

This "object or entity" approached the boy and gently touched him; it was cold and Raymond fell on the ground in terror, trying to call for help but unable to. He managed to get up on his feet, but in spite of his fear decided not to go back inside the house because he was more afraid of his parents than he was of the "thing", as he would be unable to hide his excitement and would surely be accused of lying if he told of seeing a ghost. Vallée says that he was now more fascinated than terrified by his adventure anyway.

Now his sister Janine, 9, and two smaller children had followed Raymond outside, Janine saw the "entity" and managed to hide in the barn. Encouraged by their presence, Raymond picked up stones and started to throw them at the "ghost." when one of the stones hit the thing as it walked away, it appeared it was something metallic.

When it left the farmyard, it went to a luminous reddish object in a pasture downhill, and this ball of fire soon took off.

After its departure, the children soon realized that they would be much better off if they did not talk about what they had seen, so they remained silent throughout the evening and the night. However the next day, Raymond told the story to another boy at school, the rumor spread, it reached the young teacher, Miss Huguette Genillon who called the police.

The next day, the police investigators from Saint Claude with Captain Prustel, and from Les Rousses, found four triangular holes in a heavily flattened area at the spot the fireball had been, a pole fence had been grazed and the bark of a pine tree was scorched five feet above the ground.

Vallée indicates that Charles Garreau reports that over the 12 feet in diameter flattened area, the grass was flattened counterclockwise in the pattern of a whirlwind, and meadow flowers looked as if they had been put through a press, and that the edge of the circle was clearly defined, with the four holes arranged in a square.

Prustel was thoroughly familiar with the region and its people and was not surprised at the reaction of the children. He interviewed them separately and at length, and he had them reenact the whole scene. Vallée specifies that during this investigation, Mrs. Romand had a strange attitude as she seemed deeply shocked by the whole affair and reluctant to let the interview take place. She did not believe that Raymond might have seen something, and as a very pious and devout woman, she stated that flying saucers and Martians could not exist and that she would rather believe that an evil spirit or the Devil himself, was prompting her son to lie. For a matter of religious faith and good reputation in the village, she wanted her son to admit he lied, and as he didn't he was punished by confinement in the house.

She stated that God has created mankind as the crown of creation and therefore no Martians exist. A newspaper reporter who went to Prémanon and spoke to her stated that her home was probably one of the very few in France where the subject of flying saucers had never been discussed at the dinner table.

The people in the village then split between the two camps, and the "Martian" became an ideological issue in the small community.

Vallée notes that the children themselves never used the term "saucer" or "Martian", and said repeatedly that they had seen a "ghost", the idea of a "'flying saucer" being started by the adults in Prémanon.

Vallée defends that the reaction among the population gives the UFO phenomenon its true dimension as a sociological fact, that the cause of the sighting can be discussed according to physics but the most important consequence is psychological and social, whatever its physical nature. He argues that such stories "has made us aware of the limitations of our philosophies, of the obscurities in our beliefs, of the weakness of our knowledge."

Vallée says that the Prémanon incident has not been the occasion of great debates and "no grave philosopher has stopped to ponder the story" while "professional scientists" fashionably "brush away such accounts with a smile".

[Ref. pd1:] PIERRE DELVAL:

The author indicates that on September 27, 1966, one evening in Prémanon in the Jura, children played in a barn, when suddenly, they saw what they described as "a ghost" which had the form of a piece of sugar, split in the bottom, as to make legs.

One of the children approached the unknown but he was thrown to the ground under the effect of a pressure. His sister approached, saw the tin phantom moving away and joining a "red ball" which oscillated in a meadow.

Alerted, the gendarmes of Saint-Claude went to the site and discovered a well delimited circle 4 meters in diameter in which the grass was lying.

In the interior of this circle, there were 4 holes forming a square, marked triangular corners of 10 cm section and inclined at 450 towards the inside. No explanation was given to this phenomenon.

The author notes that "the ufologists suppose" that it would be a robot radio-controlled by an unknown will.

[Ref. rp1:] RENE PACAUT:

The author indicates that the case emanating from children, skeptics will not believe in its truthfulness and when hearing "such extravagant stories," it is easy to yell at the lie or the hoax.

He indicates that on the contrary, serious investigators such as Mr. Tyrode, teacher of Evillers, tried to shed light in the case of Prémanon, old of 20 years, that the inhabitants did not forget although the witnesses dispersed with the passing of years.

He indicates that the official investigation had been carried out by his friend the captain of the gendarmerie Brustel, who assured him of the facts a few years later.

Captain Brustel was the first alerted, on September 28, 1954, by the teacher of Prémanon, who informed her that one of her pupils told her a puzzling story. She knew him well and was sure that he did not lie, and asked the captain to look into it.

The officer went to the farm of the Rolland family, which was insolated above the vineyards around 1000 meters of altitude, and paternally questioned Raymond, aged 12, the elder of the children, who had a sharp and honest look, and told him again what he had already told his teacher.

In the rainy evening, he was playing at approximately 09:00 p.m. with his three brothers and sisters in the hayloft of the family farm. The dog outside started to bark furiously, and Jeanine, aged 9 years, entered at this moment, shouting with emotion that there is a phantom in the barn, which she had just seen walking without making noise.

Raymond did not believe too much in this, but ran into the barn and found it deserted. He came out in the yard, and saw within a few meters of him "the thing that Jeannine had seen."

He is quoted saying:

"It was weird and frightening; it did not have arms. You would have said a large sugar lump split in the bottom, very shining, about my size, standing on three feet. To chase it away, I picked up a stone that I threw at it. It resounded like a metallic sheet. But as it did not go away, I shot at it with my arrow gun. But then when I approached it, I received against me like a jet of icy fluid which threw me off at the ground. I shouted. Jeannine run in at the time when the phantom moved away while being dandled on its three feet."

The terrified children took refuge in the barn again, and after a while they dared look outside, but the phantom was not there anymore. They came out, and the youngest child, Claude, pointed in excitement at an enormous red ball, which swung like a dead lave above a field located 200 meters from there, before disappearing.

Following this account by Raymond, captain Brustel questioned each child separately, and their statement were concordant. He then went guided by them in the field from where the "ball" had flown away.

He easily discovered landing traces, a circle of four meters in diameter "drawn" in the grass, as well as four holes dug by crutches of 10 centimeters section, and scratches on a mast which "had been put up there" by campers.

At a few days of interval, the captain set up two reconstitutions of the events with the children, and concluded that they could not have invented such a story and that the material observations prove that the "large sugar lump" could only be the pilot or a member of the crew of the red ball.

The author adds that the children were unaware of anything about UFOs.

[Ref. cg1:] CHARLES GARREAU:

French ufologist Charles Garreau investigated on location and write this summary for the case:

On September 27, 1954, in Prémanon (Jura), four children, the oldest aged 12 and the youngest aged 4, play in the hayloft of the family farm. Suddenly, they are in the presence of a "ghost" that they describe as "like some sort of a large sugar lump, very shiny, split in the bottom, without arms, the size of a child." A few minutes later, they see a luminous ball rising from the nearby grass field. The gendarmes of Saint-Claude discovered there a circle of 4 meters in diameter, where the grass was flattened, and four rectangular holes, of 10 cm section, bent at 45 degrees.

[Ref. jv2:] JACQUES VALLEE:

The author indicates that on September 27, 1954, four children of Prémanon in the Jura left their premises when a dog barked furiously. They discovered a large object on the ground and a small being, which they called "a phantom" which made friendly gestures. The children threw stones at the intruder.

[Ref. jv1:] JACQUES VALLEE:

160

Sep. 27, 1954 08:30 P.M., Prémanon (France).

Four children came out of their home as dog barked furiously. They found a large object on the ground and a small being they thought was a "ghost" in the yard. Raymond Romand, 12, threw stones at the intruder. (Ici-Paris, 11 Oct. 1954; Le Parisien, 1 Oct. 1954; Paris-Presse, 2 Oct. 1954. 20; Challenge 170)

[Ref. no1:] "NOSTRA" MAGAZINE:

Mysterious landing of a craft in the Jura

Jura, September 27, 1954.

Dense and silent, the autumn night for a long time confused the blacks fir trees of the Jurassic forest and the mountain houses attached on the slopes of Prémanon. The rain of this September 27, 1954 still thickens the darkness that absorbs the village. Up there, at the edge of the narrow free-Switzerland mesa, at nearly 800 meters of altitude, lights still shine in the farm of the Roland, isolated in the pastures. It is nearly 9 o'clock. In spite of this late hour for schoolboys, the children received the permission to play a while in the dependencies of the farm... Suddenly, the elder one, Raymond, twelve years old, stops playing and, intrigued, is all ears, imitated at once by Claude, his little brother: outside, the house's dog howls relentlessly at the night like to alert about an arrival or about a strange presence. The two brothers had not yet recovered from their from their astonishment, when the door of the kennels opens all of a sudden. Their sister, 9 years old, comes in, pale, trembling, upset that is. Surmounting her state of confusion, she tells them in a voice vibrating of fear:

- If you knew what I have just seen in the barn! That is the weirdest thing. You would have said a phantom walking without noise.

From the face his sister makes, Raymond understands that she is not joking. Courageously, he rushes into the barn. But he explores all the recesses in vain, it is empty. Already, he shrugs: girls, they see phantoms everywhere! However, to be sure, he gets out in the farm's yard. He had hardly made take two steps, that he freezes, awestruck. A few meters in front of him, in the pale clearness diffused by the lamps of the farm, the phantom stands. One kind of a phantom that no legend had ever described.

- It was like an enormous sugar lump, Raymond would explain. A very shining sugar lump, split in its bottom, about my size and which appeared to advance on three feet.

Recovering from his stupor, the young boy puts himself into driving this "armless" monster out. He throws stones at him. One of the stones rebounds on the strange target "with a noise of metallic sheet", but without appearing to move the "thing" more than that, which seems indifferent. Raymond then "arms himself" with a toy revolver that he carries at the belt, aims at the intruder and shoots some arrows. No reaction either! Then, without letting himself be disconcerted, the child approaches.

- At the time when I was within some footsteps of him, he told, I felt a frozen pressure against me, which threw me at the ground. Terrorized by this "icy fluid" which put him at the ground, Raymond screams. His sister Jeanine who stood in waiting in the hayloft hears him. She opens the door and sees the "giant sugar lump" moving away "while dandling himself" on its three feet. Raymond who stood up to take refuge close to her, also scans the darkness to try to see and understand. Then, in panic, the four children rush across the court to return in the dwelling house where their parents are. In the middle of his race, young Claude stops and point a finger towards the meadow which extends in front of the house, he shouts to his sisters and brothers: "Oh look at that!"

Eyes widened by stupor, the children see, within 150 meters of them, an enormous glowing reddish ball rise and "fly like a dead leaf." At the end of a few seconds, it suddenly seems absorbed in the night... The four young witnesses then reach their beds without daring to say anything to their parents. It is only the next day, at school, that Raymond Rolland decides to tell his adventure to his teacher. When hearing this mindboggling story, she does not believe initially her ears. She however knows that Raymond is not a liar nor a fabulator. Moreover, he could not have invented all the details of this adventure.

The gendarmes are certain that the three witnesses tell the truth

- Draw me your monster, she tells him. Raymond goes to the blackboard and, without the least hesitation, he draws "the sugar lump" on its tripod. Convinced of his sincerity, the teacher alerts the gendarmerie of Saint-Claude. Soon, captain Brustel arrives on the premises. He questions the three children and, struck in his turn by the agreement of their accounts, he is shown to the place where they saw the red ball rising. The prints that his gendarmes and himself discover there show him that the children did not invent this landing of a mysterious machine in spite of the rain which did not cease falling, they clearly distinguish in the meadow a circle of 4 meters diameter drawn in the lying (and not packed) grass and 4 rectangular holes of approximately 10 cm side. It is the proof that a machine landed there on 4 crutches. Everything leads to the assumption that the circle was drawn by a field of force, probably magnetic, at the time of the takeoff of the apparatus. Finally, very near from there, a mast erected by campers carries all fresh scratches...

After a meticulous investigation and two "reconstitutions" on the spot, the officer of gendarmerie is formal. He declares:

- For several reasons, I am convinced that the Roland kids do not lie. not having never intended to speak about flying saucers, they could not invent all the details of their adventure. Their testimonies agree perfectly when I interrogate them separately, and especially, these testimonies are supported by the traces noted on the ground. Lastly, all the inhabitants of the village are unanimous to believe that Raymond says the truth.

There remains, of course to determine to what kind of extraterrestrials this "sugar lump" belongs. Is this a dwarf, a type so often described by some witnesses, covered of a diving-suit of geometrical forms or, more simply, a radio-controlled robot? Will we ever know? The "thing" of Prémanon in any case presents several common points with "tourists" quite as mysterious who came to visit our planet in that September 1954. It does not have an arm, just like the "small green man" who, 15 days earlier, had landed on the railway of Quarouble (Northern), met Marius Dewilde and cherished the head of his son. However, it resembles even more the "scarecrow" which, on September 28, i.e. the following day of the affair of Prémanon, terrified Mrs. Leboeuf, in Chabeuil. That beginning of afternoon, she walks near a wood when her bitch expresses, by howls, an excessive nervousness. Mrs. Leboeuf approaches and remains nailed on the spot. In front of her, a small being with human face but without arm is standing. It is covered with a transparent diving-suit. "It resembles a child that you would have put under cellophane," she says. "Frightened, I went to hide in a hedge from where I soon saw, rising in the close corn field, an apparatus in the shape of a spinning top which moved away at low level. But the trial of the schoolboys of Prémanon is not relevant anymore, if one considers the number of landings and passengers of UFO which, for this day of September 1954, have been observed by irrefutable witnesses in this area of France.

[Ref. ja1:] JADER U. PEREIRA:

6 - CASES OF NON-HUMAN FORM

CASES OF NON-HUMAN FORM - There are 9 such cases:

1) Case #42: Prémanon, France, September 27, 1954: shape of a "sugar lump split in two downwards" with brilliant surface.

[... Other worldwide cases ...]

[Ref. jp1:] JACQUES POTTIER:

The author indicates that in the case of Tully in Australia on January 9, 1966, a UFO left traces OF A DIAMETER OF 9 meters, which were "similar to those of Prémanon, due to a pressure which was evaluated as of 30 tons."

[Ref. gf1:] GORDON CREIGHTON:

36. Prémanon, Jura, France (8.30 p.m., September 27, 1954)

Hearing their dog barking furiously four children came out of their house and saw a small being ("tin host") in the yard and a strange large luminous object near by.

Aimé Michel: Flying Saucers and the Straight Line Mystery, p. 90.

[Ref. gl1:] CHARLES GARREAU AND RAYMOND LAVIER:

Charles Garreau writes about his personal investigation into the Prémanon, Jura case, on September 27, 1954, at 9 p.m..

He indicates that on Tuesday, September 28, the young schoolboys in Prémanon had just returned in the classroom, and were quite unusually excited. The teacher, Mrs. Genillon, asked them what was going on with them, and "the more daring of the kids" answered "there's Raymond Rolland who told us a weird story, Madam".

The teacher then asked Raymond to tell about it. The blushing childstands up and tells:

"- Madam, yesterday evening, we saw a phantom!"

"- Come one, Raymond, don't be silly", the smiling teacher said.

"- But I assure you, Madam! First, I was not alone: there were my sisters and my brother. It was a wird thing, and we were quite afraid! It blew on me when I approached, and that made me fall. It resembled a sugarlump, with a slit at the bottom."

At Mrs. Genillon's request he drew a disconcerting silhouette on the blackboard, and the teacher dis not smile any more: she knew Raymond well. He is 12 years old, six years in her school and she knows that he is sincere, that he thus saw something abnormal. She alerts the Saint-Claude gendarmerie.

Captain Brustel takes the investigation in hand and hears Raymond's story again. The Rollands live in an isolated farm in the mountain at more than a thousand meters of altitude. That evening, it rained, the four children played in the hayloft at approximately 08:30 p.m.. Raymond tells:

"Outside, the dog started to bark. Suddenly, Janine, nine years old, comes and tells us: "- I have just seen a weird thing in the barn. You would say a walking phantom: it does not make noise."

"I rush into the barn. Nothing anymore! I open the door to look outside. And there, I see the thing. You would have said it was a large sugar lump on three feet, and it shone much. It was not far: at a few meters. And not quite large: about like me. I pick up some stones. One hit it. That made a metal sheet noise. To see what happend, I shoot at it with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure, which throws me down on the ground. I stood and fled back in the barn."

"Instinctively, while falling, I had shouted. My sister Janine heard me. It is her who opened the barn's door and she saw the thing which moved away while being dandled."

Confused and frightened, the four children remain there a while, then return towards the door, half-open it, do not see anything anymore. They fled towards the house. While they ran, Claude, the youngest, four years old, exclaimed:

"- Oh! Look!..."

He shows to his brother and sisters a large red luminous ball, which moves while swinging like a falling leave, in a field at 150 meters from the farm, and which, suddenly, disappeared. The children hastened back and, without telling anything to their parents, went directly to bed.

After having interrogated the four children separately, Captain Brustel went in the field where the children had seen the luminous "ball". His men and quickly found very clear traces:

- a 4 meters diameter circle, in which the grass is flattened in the counter-clockwide direction;

- four holes résultant of the depression of rectangular "corners" of 10 centimetres of section, tilted at 45°;

- a mast, drawn up at this place by a boot camp, had scratches at the 1,50 m height. At the foot of this mast, two holes identical to the previous ones. It is supposed that the landing craft scratched the mast: it would then have drifted a few meters before touching the ground.

Charles Garreau then spoke several times with Captain Brustel, who told he never had the slightest doubt on the sincerity of the children's story. In Prémanon everyone agreed, in particular the priest who said: "There are things that Raymond could not have invented: such as this story of an icy fluid."

Garreau notes that it was not the children who spoke about a "flying saucer" but the adults, after their report, whereas for Raymond and his sisters, this was about a "phantom".

He says that one should note in the description made by Raymond of a "sugar lump split at the bottom without arms" a "very important similarity with Marius Dewilde's testimony", in Quarouble: "I saw their legs, small, proportioned with their size. But on the other hand, I did not see an arm. I don't know if they had arms."

[Ref. mf1] FRANCAT, MICHEL FIGUET:

09/27/1954

Prémanon

Invention of the young romand following a schoolwork on the topic of the Martians proposed by the teacher Miss Genillon: investigation by the Swiss group Cosmos on 09/1954 and counter-investigation by Mr. Bosson to be published in "OVNI: présence de l'A.E.S.V."

[Ref. cc1:] GILBERT CORNU AND HENRI CHALOUPEK:

The authors mention a "very curious and particularly strange" adventure that happened to four children of Prémanon, a small village of the Jura on September 27, 1954.

The four children played in the hayloft of the farm as it rained, the and the dog outside suddenly started to bark.

Raymond, aged 12, went outside and saw a vertical object similar to a piece of sugar split in the bottom and resting on three feet which reflected the light of the door under the rain.

He picked up stones and threw them at this worrying object, one of the stones hit it and it resounded "like some sort of metallic sheet noise."

He then threw arrows at it with his arrow gun, then approached to touch it, and was thrown at the ground "as by an invisible and icy pressure."

The child were frightened and fled, and a few minutes later, they saw a large red ball which was dandled like a dead leaf 150 meters from the farm.

They only spoke about it the next day to their teacher, and it was discovered, at the indicated place, a surface approximately 4 meters in diameter where the grass was flattened, with four holes laid out in square in the ground.

The authors indicate as sources Aimé Michel page 116, G. Garreau and R. Lavier page 211 and the newspapers: Le Parisien Libéré for 1.10.54; Paris-Presse for 2.10.1954; Ici-Paris for 11.10.1954 and many regional newspapers of the South-east.

[Ref. ws1:] WILLY SMITH:

To give the authors credit where credit is due, their criticism of the methodology in the selection of cases is accurate, and there is at least one classical case (Premanon, 540927) that they have unmasked. And they have also pointed out in the Vallee Catalog some of the cases without scientific value, information which is really not new to us.

[Ref. gc1:] GILBERT CORNU:

[...]

- The case of Prémanon on September 27, 1954. This case is now supposed to be nothing more than a story due to the one of the farm boys following a school work: a drafting on the topic of the Martians! Knowing the area and the mentality of the teachers and parents well, I have difficulties to believe that such a topic of drafting was even proposed to these children of a small rural village so close to the start of the school year (or was it was before the summer holidays. But then, can there still be a cause to effect link, 2 months afterwards?). I doubt besides that the start of the schoolyear already took place at that time in 1954, because since the 27 is a Monday, it should have taken place towards the 23-24, which seems to me early for the time; it is a first point to be checked. There remain to explain the so intuitive imagination of these children who find on the first blow expressions of an amazing accuracy if their history is invented. First, it is initially the word "thing" used to concretize the image of their vision; this term of childish slang expresses well the idea of a robot and not that of a ghost, which corroborates the continuity of the account. It is the description: "like a sugar lump (without arm) on three feet"; if they had wanted to describe a ghost they would have added the arms and only put two feet! But three feet ensure more stability to this enigmatic machine. The proof that thus is not normal, it is that one of them uses the expression "a sugar lump split in bottom, making the legs!" Which seems well to express an experience, of a vision not understood. It is also the idea of "invisible and icy pressure" which plated Raymond on the ground when the machine passed close to him. This idea of icy cold that one finds indeed in many cases of spiritistic or fantomatic contacts seems impossible to me to be invented by a 12 year old child if he did not experience it... or, he is perfectly informed at his age! As Aimé Michel explains in his book, it also seems that it was at this moment that the child who so far played with the vision while launching stones to him, then arrows from his toy gun, understood that he should not play with "that" and flees, terrified, whereas before he confronted it. It is really very strong if this is simple imagination and our modern super-investigators would make a case of it then, for they do not compete. Finally, there is the description of the motion of the luminous ball in the sky which went down "like a dead leaf." Ok, this is traditional in ufology and that has been rehashed so much that it is perhaps known by a 12 year old child in 1986 if he is an assiduous reader of comic strips, but in 1954, it is much less certain!

Finally let's not forget that these children from respectively 12, 9, 8 and 4 years old did not contradict themselves in their testimonies when they were successively and separately questioned by their parents, their teacher, their priest, then by the gendarmes and the various investigators or journalists who followed one another during months. Very impressive children! And all that is demolished in a snap, thirty years later, by an iconoclast who goes stir up dust ignoring all testimonies of the time! Ridiculous! We would like to ignore and laugh at it; but we should also think at the damages all this "destruction" does to ufology. That is less laughable.

I will not believe that the naive ones were the local parents, the people in charge, teacher and priest, then the gendarmes, then the journalists and the investigating ufologists who all were unanimous to testify of the consistence of the accounts made separately by the children and of their note of sincerity when they were asked for a "reconstitution of the scene" as in a lawsuit, for things went so far, with children of 12, 9, 8 and 4 years! The investigation was perfect. The only very naive one are those who on the faith of their prejudices and without taking account of testimonies of the time are demolishing everything to retain only the fruit of a childish imagination, and that, against reports and logic.

Sad ufology, that of the iconoclast ufologists! And sad time we live, when the refusal to admit a reality which "challenges" us overrides the best established testimonies. Sad time, as we saw, when one does not hesitate to dirty the reputation of the witnesses of ufologic visions for better sapping their testimonies.

[...]

[Ref. fr1:] MICHEL FIGUET AND JEAN-LUIS RUCHON:

The two authors indicate that in Prémanon in the Jura, on September 27, 1954, at 08:30 p.m., the rain was heavy, and it was rather dark.

The four Romand children, aged 12 to 4 years, played in a hayloft. Outside, their dog started to bark. It seems that it was first the young Jeannine who observed something. She then said to her big brother Raymond:

"Come quickly, there is a phantom wandering in the yard."

The boy then came out and saw like a sugar lump, on three feet, which he would call a "thing". He tells the continuation:

"I pick up stones, I throw them and one touches the "thing" with a sort of noise like on a metallic sheet; at this moment, I shoot at him with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure which lays me down on the ground; we fled and a few minutes afterwards, we saw a large red luminous ball, which moved while oscillating like a dead leave, in a field, at 150 meters of the farm. It disappeared suddenly."

The gendarmerie discovered traces, at the indicated spot, on a surface of approximately four meters in diameter. The grass was lying; four holes were laid out in square in the surface of the circle. A mast, located in the vicinity, was scratched on 15 centimeters at a height of 1 meters 50. Traces were found at the foot of the mast.

The sources are indicated as the Vallée catalogue, case 160; Aimé Michel in A Propos des Soucoupes Volantes page 116; C. Garreau and R. Lavier in Face aux Extraterrestres page 211; Jimmy Guieu in Black Out sur les Soucoupes Volantes page 150; Le Dauphiné Libéré for 1/10/1954; Le Parisien for 1/10/1954; Paris-Presse for 2/10/1954; Ici Paris for 11/10/1954; Quincy.

[Ref. bb1:] GERARD BARTHEL AND JACQUES BRUCKER:

The authors indicates that the observation of Prémanon, known in ufology circles, takes place at the beginning of the flap when the public "is not yet strongly motivated", "at least it was believed" until - according to their footnote that - it was analyzed by Michel Monnerie in "Le Naufrage des Extraterrestres".

They note that as in "many" reports the witnesses are children, but they cannot claim that it would be a "criterion of doubt" but it is "necessary to admit" that young schoolboys are "perhaps more easily influenceable".

They indicate that the case was the subject of "many" investigations and that the events were even reconstituted by the gendarmerie. Charles Garreau at the time did a "very detailed" report which "appears in a Jimmy Guieu book". There were "very detailed analyses" of the case, such as the one by Jean Tyrode of the Lumières Dans La Nuit group. They indicate that although it is about children testimony, there is a trace, that they describe qith this quotation:

"A circle 4 meters in diameter whose grass is lying in the counter-clockwatch direction, four holes resulting from insertion of "corners" of "ten of section", inclined at 45°. A mast drawn up here by a vacation camp whose bark is torn off on 15 centimetres at a 1,50 m height approximately."

They indicate that the account starts with a dialogue between Raymond Romand, 12-year-old, and his teacher Mrs. Genillon, the first who heard about the events and who alerted the gendarmerie at once because she was convinced that the children had seen something extraordinary.

The authors specify that in the previous days she had however asked the children to think about stories of "Martians" who filled the newspapers at the time.

They quote this dialogue:

- Madam, yesterday evening we saw a "phantom"!

- Come on Raymond, don't say silly things!

- But I assure you, Madam. First I was not alone; there were my sisters and my brother. It was a weird thing and we were pretty afraid! It blew on me when I approached and that made me fall. It looked like a sugar lump with a slit at the bottom.

The authors indicate that the children very convincing and the teacher belived them. The gendarmes carried out an investigation directed by captain Brustel of the St-Claude Gendarmerie who noted the following statement:

"It was last Monday (September 27, 1954). It was raining. We played in the hayloft. It might have been a little after eight hours and half. Outside, the dog starts to bark. Suddenly, Jeanine (9-year-old) comes and tells us I have just seen a weitd thing in the barn. you would have said a walking phantom; it makes no noise. I rushed into the barn. Nothing anymore. I open the door to look outside and there, I see the thing. You would have said a large sugar lump on three feet, and it shone much. It was not far, at a few meters, and not very tall, about like me."

"I pick up some rocks, I launch them, and one hits it with a kind of metallic noise, and I shot at it with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure which lays me down on the ground. I stood up and we fled. A few minutes later, we saw a "ball of fire" which moved while dandling like a falling leave, in a field at 150 meters of the farm, then all disappeared."

The authors comment on that "of course such an account appears moronic", that a few days later a "specialist" examined the scorn stake, and that a few days later a new reconstitution took place and the captain of gendarmeie "must admit, for the children were never in contradiction", that something strange occurred in the village. Everyone gave an opinion, including the village priest who estimated that the children do not have enough imagination to invent such a story.

The authors quote the "conclusion" by Charles Garreau:

"- The grass is curved but was not packed; the craft thus landed on kinds of crutches (which left on their site the four holes of section ten). The large circle 4 meters in diameter on which the grass was lying was thus produced, not by the hull of the craft, but by a powerful field of force (magnetic) at the time of the landing or takeoff. Moreover, the total absence of trace of burn radically eliminates the assumption of a 'reaction propulsion system'".

Then the authors propose to stop "assumptions, however legitimate" of the investigators, who are in the presence of a trace which is difficult to explain. They say that the fact that their own investigation was done 24 years made it possible for people to speak out that the mayor of the village lengthily and pleasantly told them about the facts: it is because the teacher had asked the children to think about Martians that their imagination worked. The grass had been flattened by animals and the torn off bark can be explained by anything, all that leading to a "solid case".

They indicate to have found the father, Jules Romand, in Gex, and he told them that "nothing happened" in Prémanon. They then managed to reach the son, who was now a scientist in a university of the south of France, who stated that the teacher had taken the first step which prompted out the children to exert their imagination, and that nothing had occurred.

[Ref. in1:]"L'INEXPLIQUE":

A few days later, on September 27 [1954], in Prémanon, in the Jura, four young children play in a barn. They heard their dog barking. The oldest among the children worries and goes out to look for the animal. He is suddenly vis-a-vis a rectangular creature "like a piece of sugar"!

The child throws stones at it and tires to approach. An invisible force prevents him to do so and throws him to ground. He then flees while yelling, while the creature moves away in the direction of a meadow. When the children inform their parents, those still have time to see a brilliant and red sphere, which, at 150 m from there, flies over the meadow. The next day, the gendarmes were to discover a circle of grass obviously crushed, 4 m in diameter.

[Ref. gi1:] JEAN-FRANCOIS GILLES:

French ufologist Jean-François Gilles had established a computerized catalogue of landings on the French territory between September 26 and October 18, 1954 in order to study if their geographical distribution were the fact of the chance or not.

UFO LANDINGS ON THE CONTINENTAL TERRITORY OF FRANCE
FROM SEPTEMBER 26, 1954 TO OCTOBER 18, 1954

ICOD Désignation (57) Date JV4 JV1 COMMENTS
005 0530 PREMANON RF39 540927 160 151 CE3

ICOD is an internal code of this listing. (57) refers to column 57 of the Condon group's computerized UFOCAT, where RF is France and the number is the département. JV4 and JV1 are case numbers in Jacque Vallée's Magonia listing and "Passport to Magonia" book. CE2, CE3 refers to the Hynek classification.

V F G
ICOD Longitude Latitude Longitude Latitude Longitude Latitude
0530 -6.027 46.463 -6.036 46.460 -6.033 46.462

V,F,G are codes for people who determined the coordinates: V = Jacques Vallée, ufologist, F = Jean Charles Fumoux, officer of the French Air Force, G = Jean François Gille, ufologist.

[Ref. jc1:] JACQUES COSTAGLIOLA:

The author indicates that on September 27, 1954, to 08:30, in Prémanon in the Jura, a woman and four children from 12 to 4 years old saw a phantom which had the shape of a piece of sugar split in the bottom making the legs. The older approached and an invisible and icy pressure pushed him onto the ground. His sister saw dandling a red ball which oscillated above a meadow. The gendarmes saw a circle of 4 meters of grass flattened in the counter-clockwide direction with four holes in square with triangular corners of 10 cm of section titled at 45° towards the inside, and bark of a mast was torn off on 15 cm.

The source is indicated as "Pottier, 1974".

[Ref. tp1:] TED PHILLIPS:

Ted Phillips listed the case as a "top" case in his "preliminary list of top cases":

Report 9/27/54 Premanon, France, 2050: multiple witness, disc, humanoids, traces.

[Ref. ci1:] "THE CIRCULAR":

2. 1954, Premanon

This account is the first of six in 1954, and begins on the evening of September 27. The Romand family were spending the evening in their home when their dog began frantically barking. Looking outside to see what the cause of the commotion was, they saw a small glowing ball hovering near their barn. They stepped outside to take a closer look, and one of the children picked up some stones and threw them at the glowing blob. To his alarm he was thrown from his feet, as if by an invisible force.

The following morning, a 4 m, anti-clockwide circle was discovered, with well-defined edges. The connection with the glowing mass is strongly implied. Small holes were found within the circle, reminding us of the case above.

[Ref. rh1] RICHARD HALL:

TABLE 1. UFO OCCUPANT SIGHTINGS, 1954-1963

[...]

September 27, 1954 Raymond Romand, Prémanon (Jura), France 8:30 P.M.

Two beings, squarish with legs; fiery ball hovered over meadow, light from barn reflected off being, child threw pebbles that struck it with metallic sound; 12-foot circle of flattened grass, imprints, at site".

[...]

[Ref. jb2:] JEROME BEAU - "TOP SECRET" MAGAZINE:

September 27 [...]

08:30 p.m.: in Prémanon (the Jura), four young children of the Romand family play in a barn. They hear their dog bark. Raymond Romand, the oldest among the children (12 years old) worries and leaves to search the animal. He is suddenly vis-a-vis a rectangular creature like a piece of sugar! The child throws stones at it and tries to approach. An invisible and icy force prevents it and pushes him to the ground. He then flees while yelling, while the creature moves away in direction of a meadow. When the children inform their parents, the latter still have time to see a brilliant and red sphere which, ao 150 m from there, flies over the meadow.

[Ref. ni1:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

*Sep. 27, 1954 - Four children in Premanon, France came outside of their home at 8:30 p.m. because their dog was barking furiously. They saw a large object on the ground and a small being they thought was a "ghost" in their yard. Raymond Romand (or Rolland), age 12, threw stones at the intruder. (Sources: Aime Michel, A propos des Soucoupes Volantes, p. 116; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia: A Century of Landings, p. 212; Michel Figuet & Jean-Louis Ruchon, OVNI: Le premier dossier complet des rencontres rapprochees en France, pp. 91-92).

[Ref. ps1:] PIER-LUIGI SANI:

The Italian ufologist indicates that one of the only important sightings on which "debunkers" Barthel and Brucker are elaborating in their book, claiming that they "demolished" it, is the case in Prémanon. He explains that the data of the two debunkers for this demolition are absolutely not convincing and only cast some possible doubts on the case and that the discussion must be more in-depth.

The author points out that the case is very well known and hardly needs a recall for the researchers, and he specifies that he gave all the details which are referred to in Il Giornale dei Misteri #344.

He points out that four children of which the oldest was 12 had claimed to have seen "a strange being and a luminous disc to take off," that traces were found in the ground, that there was an investigation of the Gendarmerie and that many journalists came on the spot.

The children subjected themselves to the interrogations without weakening nor contradicting themselves, and no satisfactory explanation is found to explain the traces, and thus the case was regarded as genuine.

He indicates that it was 24 years later that Barthel and Brucker claim that nothing at all had occurred in Prémanon, for they say it was an invention of the four children influenced by their teacher who talked to them about flying saucers a few days before. Barthel and Brucker write that this "is proven" because they claim to have found the elder of the children who retracted.

Sani first comments that only one of the four witnesses was contacted and questioned by Barthel and Brucker.

It then notes that Barthel and Brucker indicate that this witness is now "pursuing a scientific career in a university of the south of France."

He adds that in spite of his retractions, Raymond, this witness, did not explain how, in agreement with his brothers and sisters Claude, Janine and Ghislaine, he managed to have created the marks on the ground which have succeeded in perplexing and deluding the gendarmes and the journalists.

He pleads that witnesses of UFO sightings often retract later, for fear of seeing themselves once more confronted with unpleasant consequences and scoffing, particularly when their scientific career is likely to suffer from it.

He notes that the opinion of the current mayor of Prémanon, which is not the one who was in charge 24 years before during the observation, and the declarations of the very old father of the children, give the impression that "the thing never occurred", but that these arguments do not have any value. The attitude of the father appears particularly suspicious to him, because he does not live in Prémanon anymore, and because when the incident occurred, he had expressed his certainty of the good faith of his children and even let himself be photographed near the wooden mast with the mark that was "supposed to be caused by the saucer."

It notes that it is this father who indicated to Barthel and Brucker how to join Raymond: "Why not the others?" Raymond is said to have been initially surprised then "to have confessed" and to have stated that his schoolmistress had then stimulated the imagination of the children by leading them to invent "the story of the observation of the UFO", while the remainder of the story would have been allegedly invented "by the journalists already sensitized by the stories of flying saucers, and by the gendarmes obliged to recognize the facts that they were unable to check by themselves."

He notes that the traces on the ground noted by the Gendarmes as of the first minutes of their investigation and confirmed by the journalist Charles Garreau were a circle of four meters in diameter in which the grass was laid down, and not trampled nor flattened, in the counter clockwise direction, and where there were four holes laid out in a square, 10 centimeters broad each, inclined 45° towards the center of the circle, and close to the circle, a wooden mast which had lost its bark on a surface of 15 cm at a 1.50 meters height from the ground. There were, at the foot of the mast, two more holes in the ground which were identical to the four others.

Sani then develops the notion that children could not have known how to make these traces, and that the grass could not have been trampled by cows turning in round under the control of the children as suggested Barthel and Brucker since the grass was flattened without having been trampled and without even one animal footprint.

[Ref. tw1:] TERRY WILSON:

2. 1954, Prémanon

This account is the first of six in 1954, and begins on the evening of September 27. The Romand family were spending the evening in their home when their dog frantically barking. Looking outside to see what the cause of the commotion was, they saw a small glowing ball hovering near their barn. They stepped outside to take a closer look, and one of the children picked up some stones and threw them at the glowing blob. To his alarm he was thrown from his feet, as if by an invisible force.

The following morning a 4m, anti-clockwise circle was discovered, with well-defined edges. The connection with the glowing mass is stronly implied. Small holes were found within the circle, remining us of the case above.

[Ref. go1:] GODELIEVE VAN OVERMEIRE:

The Belgian ufologist indicates that in 1954, on September 27, in France, in Prémanon (the Haut Jura) "At 20:30, it rains a lot. Four children playing in the hayloft, left while hearing the dog bark furiously. The elder one is almost threw himself at the 'phantom' who has the shape of a sugar lump split in bottom, making the legs. The small stones and the dart with rubber end which are launched at him, rebound on the unknown with a metal sheet noise. It is thus not a phantom and the child ready to play, approaches for touching. But an invisible and icy pressure pushes him onto the ground. The young sister who runs, sees the metal phantom moving away while dandling. Terrified the children flee towards the house while the UFO, a red ball, oscillates in the meadow."

The source is noted "Jacques POTTIER: 'Les Soucoupes Volantes' - DE VECCHI - 1974 - p. 31".

She adds that in reality "Raymond Romand confessed trickery six weeks later, that is to say on November 14, 1954 to Claude Conte and Andre Rosset, investigators of the Cosmos group of Geneva. Their unpublished report was rediscovered in 1979 per Yves Bosson and he published it in "Vaucluse-Ufologie" n°18-19, June-September 80. Then Yves Bosson continued his investigtions in Prémanon and elsewhere and interviewed Raymond and Janine Romand, Mrs. Genillon (the teacher) and her husband, Claude Conte and others. He could then confirm the explanation and his report was presented to the congress of Lyon in 1992 (Acts of the sixth European Meetings of Lyon, May 1-2-3, 1992', S.O.S OVNI, Aix-en-Provence 1992, pp. 4-16). An updated version is in the book by Thierry Pinvidic: 'Vers une anthropologie d'un mythe contemporain' Heimdal pub., Bayeux 1993, p. 122 to 145."

She indicates that another version is: "In the book by Gerard Barthel and Jacques Brucker: La Grande PEur Martienne - Nouv. Ed. Rationalistes, Paris 1979 - it appears that this case, was uncovered, otherwise, said, would be probably only a hoax of the children. Unless it is a journalistic hoax. To check."

She adds: "OVNI Présence n° 36 (janv. 1987)."

[Ref. ar1:] ALBERT ROSALES:

94.

Location. Prémanon France

Date: September 27 1954

Time: 2030

Four children saw a ball of fire hovering in a meadow and 2 "tin ghosts," shaped "like a lump of sugar split at the bottom." Raymond Romand, 12, threw pebbles at one; on going to touch it, he was flung to the ground by an ice-cold force. A 12-foot circle of flattened grass was found at the site.

Humcat 1954-58

Source: Aime Michel

Type: C

[Ref. tp2:] TED PHILLIPS:

09/27/54 2050 France, Premanon: The four Romand children heard their dog barking and saw, outside their barn, a "tin ghost" like a "lump of sugar standing on end."

One of the children threw rocks at it and attempted to touch it; he was thrown to the ground "as if by an invisible force." The thing moved off to a large bright red luminous ball, oscillating slightly 400 to 500 feet away in the meadow.

They told their teacher, and police investigated, finding that the grass was flattened counter-clockwise over a 12 ft diameter area, sharply defined. Within the circle there were four imprints-triangular holes, 4 inches in diameter, inclined at an angle of 45 degrees toward the center, arranged in a square.

Outside the circle, a flagpole was scratched and the bark was torn off at a height of 5 inches above the ground. At the foot of the pole were two marks similar to the other four, but more elongated.

[Ref. dj1:] DONALD JOHNSON:

Encounters with Aliens On this Day

September 27

[...]

1954 - Four children in Prémanon, France came outside of their home at 8:30 p.m. because their dog was barking furiously. They saw a large object on the ground and a small being they thought was a "ghost" in their yard. Raymond Romand (or Rolland), age 12, threw stones at the intruder. (Sources: Aime Michel, A propos des Soucoupes Volantes, p. 116; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia: A Century of Landings, p. 212; Michel Figuet and Jean-Louis Ruchon, OVNI: Le premier dossier complet des rencontres rapprochees en France, pp. 91-92).

[...]

[Ref. ic1:] ANDREAS MULLER:

Andreas Müller indicates that in Premanon, France, there was "A single circle approx 12' dia appeared the morning after a glowing 'entity' was witnessed in the vicinity".

The "Date Reported" is given as "28th Sep", the "Date Created" is given as "27th Sep" and the "Crop Type" as "Grass". An additional note says: "Ref. The Secret History of Crop Circles by Terry Wilson".

[Ref. cc1:] ANNE MORO:

Anne Moro indicates in English that in Premanon on 28.09.1954 "On September 28, 1954 a oval area of flattened grass was found in a meadow near Premanon. A nearby flag post showed also strange markings at the side facing to the oval. The wood seemed to have been shelled away. The night before the children of the family Romand from Premanon woke up caused by the barking of her dog. They spotted a, glowing mass hovering still in the sky. A boy took a stone and threw it at the unknown thing and got immediately struck by an "invisible force" as the other kids explained. Now they watched the "object" hovering away . The next day the"Gendarmerie" ( French police ) investigated the events and discovered the flattened area."

"Data" is given as "Oval: 4 m diameter - anti clockwise".

Anne Moro indicates that the source is the database by Andréas Müller "ICCA-The international Crop Circle Archive".

She indicates elsewhere:

1954 September 9 39400 Franche-Comté DEP : JURA Premanon Oval of 4 meters diameter. Counter clockwise.
Children alerted by a dog spotted in the sky a reddish shape. They threw stones at it and immediately a kind of force pushed them back. Gendarmerie studied the event and found the flattened area.
City located 467 Km from Paris

A scanned text in English says:

2. 1954, Prémanon

This account is the first of six in 1954, and begins on the evening of September 27. The Romand family were spending the evening in their home when their dog frantically barking. Looking outside to see what the cause of the commotion was, they saw a small glowing ball hovering near their barn. They stepped outside to take a closer look, and one of the children picked up some stones and threw them at the glowing blob. To his alarm he was thrown from his feet, as if by an invisible force.

The following morning a 4m, anti-clockwise circle was discovered, with well-defined edges. The connection with the glowing mass is stronly implied. Small holes were found within the circle, remining us of the case above.

[Ref. jb1:] JEROME BEAU:

September 1954

[...]

Mon 27

20:30 In Prémanon (the Jura), 4 young children of the Romand family play in a barn. They hear their dog to bark. Raymond Romand, oldest of the children (12 years) worries and leaves to search the animal. In the yard, he is suddenly vis-a-vis a rectangular creature like a piece of sugar, which they take for a phantom. Raymond throws stones at him and tries to approach. An invisible and icy force prevents that and throws him on the ground. He then flees while howling, while the creature moves away in direction of a meadow. When the children inform their parents, the latter still have time to see a brilliant and red sphere which, at 150 m from there, flies over the meadow.

[...]

The sources are noted: Le Parisien, October 1, 1954; Paris-Presse, October 2, 1954; Ici-Paris, October 11, 1954; "Vallée, J., Challenge 170".

And:

September 1954

[...]

28

The gendarmes, among those captain Brustel, discover on the site of the day before in Prémanon, in which the grass is lying in the clockwise direction. Inside, 4 holes resulting from the depression of rectangular corners of 10 cm section, tilted at 45°. A mast, drawn up on the site by a vacation camp, shows scratches at 1,50 m height; at its foot, there are 2 holes identical to the previous ones.

[...]

[Ref. rt1:] RAYMOND TERRASSE:

The author ensures that the cases of UFO sightings in France in 1954 are laid out in triangles, and quotes the landing of Prémanon as a corner of such a triangle.

[Ref. pf1:] "LE PETIT FUTE":

Following the unexpected visit, in 1954, of a spherical creature having the power to land on the ground and to fly in the air [...]

[Ref. em1:] ERIC MAILLOT, ERIC DEGUILLAUME, DAVID ROSSONI:

The authors indicate that on September 27, 1954 towards 08:30 p.m. close to the small village of Prémanon, children of a farmer, Raymond, 12, and his two sisters, 8 and 9, were playing, when their dog started to bark. They stated separately and in an apparently sincere manner that they had seen near their house, a strange machine of aluminium color, of rectangular form, split partially in its middle in the vertical direction, carrying at each side, at its base, two supports bent outside and approximately 2 meters high and 1 meter wide. The young girls added they saw at approximately 100 meters of their house a red gleam oscillating at near ground level.

The village teacher is the witness of the original report by Raymond, she takes it seriously at a time when the stories of Martians fill the national chronicles. Her husband, Mr G. who believes in the existence of the flying saucers - he will later become an LDLN investigator, informs the local gendarmerie squad.

The gendarmes and the mayor go to the site. Successive reports rather in favour of the authenticity of the account are written. In the first, one can for example read that "these children live in a place far away from the agglomeration, do not attend the movie halls and do not read newspapers where they could have capture ideas likely to encourage their imagination".

The authors say that although no landing was mentioned in the report, ground traces are curiously reported in the second official report: a large circle with an 3.5 meters outside circle and a 2.5 meters inside where the grass is laid down, "in the direction where the red gleam was seen". For the gendarmes, a scenario could not be so well put a priori if it were simply the fruit of the imagination of these young children who, in addition, do not vary in their statements.

The teacher's husband said that the young girls had only answered by the affirmative the questions of the gendarmes. Journalists and ufologists investigate in their turn, so that the daily, regional press then national and international press, the gutter press, the specialists books in France and abroad would borrow in their turn this story to make it a great classic of the genre. A reporter of the French-speaking Switzerland radio remembers that the young witnesses "told with simple words (...) what they had seen which, let's not that, quite frightened them".

The young boy considered as the principal witness, "is a daring person" according to investigators of the Cosmos Swiss ufology group, he is "very imaginative and very intelligent", "very advanced for his age" according to the residents of the village, who never believed in his story: "We laughed a lot. We 'thought big'", "but one does not talk to strangers". Thirty years later, Raymond admits he completely invented the story. Like many others, he and his sisters fell into the trap of having to maintain the story as it made a fuss. "Raymond had asked Janine (9 years old at the time of the facts), on which he had certain influence, to repeat what he would say".

He had started from an ordinary episode of the everyday life which he transformed: a shepherd "who lived alone, came from time to time to see us. He wore a large cloak and looked somehow like a phantom. The "kind of robot" was indeed in the child's mind rather a "metal phantom" which description seems to take as a starting point the furnace of the elementary school. It was the adults, initially Mr G., who questions and suggests certain answers to the child, then the medias, who interpret the account in term of flying saucer and Martian. The traces found in the meadow had been left by "a small tin hut" intended for the person in charge of a vacation camp, dismounted a few days before, and, for certain holes, quite simply caused by cows feet according to Raymond.

In 1991, Raymond became a professor of neurobiology and said "My scientific career (...) allowed me to have a certain overlook on what I could do, to understand why I did it and why other people can do it (...) Many things told in the world are distored. There are numerous intermediaries and one knows very well that their number largely modified the initial information. (...) To see how information can be distored is a lesson. What leaves me skeptic to what I read and I see sometimes, is how one can create a legend out of nothing. It is interesting to see it, to have lived it; it is necessary, I think, to have lived it to believe it."

The authors indicate that the source is Yves Bosson, "Prémanon ou l'innocence: enquête sur un cas au-dessus de tout soupçon" in Thierry Pinvidic (et al.), "OVNI, vers une anthropologie d'un mythe contemporain, Heimdal, 1993, pp. 123-145).

[Ref. lc1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates in his database that in the Jura (39) in Prémanon on September 27, 1954 at 20:30 hours, "That day there, rain is pouring down, it is the evening, it is quite dark. Four children, old from 12 to 4 years, play in a hayloft. Outside, their dog starts to bark. It seems it is initially small Jeannine who observes something she tells then to her big brother Raymond "Come quickly, there is a phantom walking in the yard".

"The boy then come out and sees like a sugar lump, on three feet which he would describe as a 'thing'. He tells the continuation himself: 'I collect stones, I launch them and one touches the "thing" with a species of metal noise; at this time, I shoot at him with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure which lays me down on the ground; we fled and a few minutes afterwards, we saw a large red luminous ball, which moved while oscillating like a falling leaf, in a field, at 150 m of the farm. It disappeared suddenly." "The gendarmerie discovered traces, at the indicated site, on a surface approximately four meters in diameter. The grass was flattened; four holes were laid out in square in the surface of the circle. A mast, located in the vicinity, was scarned on 15 cm at a height of 1 m 50. Traces were found at the foot of the mast."

The sources are indicated as: "Ovni, Premier dossier complet... by Figuet M./ Ruchon J.L. ** éd. Alain Lefeuvre 1979" and "M.O.C. by Michel Aimé ** Arthaud 1958".

[Ref. ki1:] DANIEL ET FABRICE KIRCHER:

The authors indicate that on September 27, 1954 in Prémanon in the Jura, it was raining when the four children of the Roman family, two boys and two girls, played in the hayloft of the farm. They suddenly heard the dog bark. Jeannine, 9-year-old, went to check and came back saying:

"- I saw a weird thing in the barn. You would have said a walking phantom, it makes no noise."

The elder Raymond goes to check, he find nothing in the barn but sees the "thing" by opening the door. It resembled a sugar lump on three feet and it was very shining, and had about the size of the children.

The authors quote Raymond:

"I pick up some stones; I throw them and one hits with a kind of metal sheet noise, and I shoot at it with my arrow gun. As I approach, I feel an icy pressure which lays me down on the ground. I stood and we fled. A few minutes later, we saw a "ball of fire" which moved while swinging like a falling leaf, in a field within 150 meters of the farm, then all disappeared."

They indicate that the statements of the children were confirmed by certain traces on the ground noted by the gendarmes and still visible several weeks later in spite of the rain: t the place where the children had seen the ball of fire, there was a circle, 4 meters in diameter, where the grass was lying in the anti-clockwise direction, and four holes similar to the traces of landing crutches were also found.

The authors indicate that the source is Jimmy Guieu, Black-Out sur les Soucoupes volantes, Vaugirard 1992.

[Ref. ud1:] "UFODNA" WEBSITE:

The website indicates that on 27 September 1954 at 20:30 in Premanon, France, "A large object on the ground and a small 'ghost'."

And: "Four children in Premanon, France, came outside of their home at 8:30 p.m. because their dog was barking furiously. They saw a large object on the ground and a small being they thought was a "ghost" in their yard. Raymond Romand (or Rolland), age 12, threw stones at the intruder."

And: "Four children came out of their home as dog barked furiously. They found a large object on the ground and a small being they thought was a "ghost" in the yard. Raymond Romand, 12, threw stones at the intruder."

And: "An object was observed. Electromagnetic, gravity and physiological effects were noted. Ground traces were found. One red ball, about 20 feet across, was observed in rainy weather by four witnesses, typical age 12, on a farm for 30 minutes (Romand, R). A 3.5-foot-tall robot, wearing a metallic suit, was seen."

And: "Four children saw a ball of fire hovering in a meadow and 2 "tin ghosts," shaped "like a lump of sugar split at the bottom." Raymond Romand, 12, threw pebbles at one; on going to touch it, he was flung to the ground by an ice-cold force. A 12-foot circle of flattened grass was found at the site."

The sources are indicated as Poher, Claude, Etudes Statistiques Portant sur 1000 Temoignag, Author, undated; Merritt, Fred I., Fred I Merritt investigation files; FSR, FSR (formerly Flying Saucer Review), FSR, London, 1966; Bowen, Charles, The Humanoids: FSR Special Edition No. 1, FSR, London, 1966; Pereira, Jader U., Les Extra-Terrestres, Phenomenes Spatiaux, Paris, 1974; Vallee, Jacques, Computerized Catalog (N = 3073); Vallee, Jacques, Challenge to Science: The UFO Enigma, Henry Regnery, Chicago, 1966; Vallee, Jacques, Preliminary Catalog (N = 500), (in JVallee01); Vallee, Jacques, Preliminary Catalog (N = 500), (in JVallee01); Cramp, Leonard G., Piece for a Jig-Saw, Somerton, Isle of Wight, 1966; Schoenherr, Luis, Computerized Catalog (N = 3173); Carrouges, Michel, Les Apparitions de Martiens, Fayard, Paris, 1963; Rogerson, Peter, World-Wide Catalog of Type 1 Reports; Hall, Richard H., The UFO Evidence, NICAP, Washington, 1964; Bloecher, Ted R., Ted R Bloecher investigation files; Phillips, Ted R., Physical Traces Associated with UFO Sightings, CUFOS, Chicago, 1975; Haines, Richard F., CE-5: Close Encounters of the Fifth Kind, Sourcebooks, Naperville, 1998, ISBN:1-57071-427-4; Delaire, J. Bernard, UFO Register Volume 7 (1976), Data Research, Oxford, 1976; Hall, Richard H., The UFO Evidence, Volume II: A Thirty-Year Report, Scarecrow Press, Lanham, 2000, ISBN:0-8103-3881-8; Hatch, Larry, *U* computer database, Author, Redwood City, 2002; Figuet, M; Rosales, Albert, Humanoid Sighting Reports Database.

[Ref. pr1:] "LE PROGRES" NEWSPAPER:

The mystery of the famous ufos in the Jura

In his book "Les Mystères du Jura " published by De Borée publishers in the end of 2009, Alain Lequien, with an historian's approach, listed the observations of unidentified flying objects (ufos) in the department of the Jura. There was the red ball of fire of Poligny, [...] the close encounter of the third kind of Prémanon, the cigar of the schoolboys of Les Rousses, the multicoloured oscillating object of Dole, [...] the white and luminous phenomenon of Meussia, [...]

[Note: I only noted the 1954 cases mentions from the article.]

[Ref. oo1:] "OVNI 61" BLOG:

September 27, 1954, in Prémanon, in the Jura, the children Romands, 12 and 9 years old, see a form of aluminium color of 2m by 1m; the boy shoots with his arrow gun. The mass then approaches the boy who is hit at the shoulder; his sister sees an animated cube in the barn, it hides in the hay. The gendarmes later note that the meadow is pressed.

[Ref. mr1:] MICHEL RIBARDIERE:

September 20, 2010

1954 Return on the wave of demonstrations of unknown machines on the national territory

1954 is an important year in the history of French ufology.

[General information]

Here some one of the encounters:

[... Other cases... ]

September 27, 1954, in Prémanon, in the Jura, the Romand children, 12 and 9 years old, see an aluminum color form of 2m by 1m; the boy shoots with his arrow gun. The mass then approaches the boy who is hit at the shoulder; his sister sees an animated cube in the barn, she hides in the hay. The gendarmes would note that the meadow is pressed.

[... Other cases... ]

[Ref. pr1:] PETER ROGERSON:

September 27 1954. 2030hrs.

<

PREMANON (JURA : FRANCE)

<

The four Romand children, Raymond (12), Janine (9), Ghislaine (8) and Claude (4) were playing in the barn of their isolated farm on a darkish, rainy, night, when the dog outside began to bark. Raymond, going out to investigate, encountered something like a vertical rectangle, split at the bottom. When Raymond threw stones at it, they bounced off with a metallic noise. He then shot a rubber arrow at it, before going to touch it. When he did this, he was thrown to the ground by a sort of ice cold invisible force. His sister Janine, alerted by his cry went outside and saw the thing waddling away. They retreated to the barn, and when they went back the thing had vanished. Their little brother Claude drew their attention to a large luminous ball oscillating slightly in a meadow 120-150m away. When police and officials arrived on the morning of the 29th, they found a circular area 3.5m diameter of flattened grass and flowers. There were four holes in the closely defined circle, arranged in a square, and a flagpole on the edge of the circle was scratched and marked. Investigators were impressed but according to Alain Gamard the story was actually made up for a school essay on “The Night I met the Martians)

<

Michel 1958, p.92, citing investigations by Captain Brustel and Charles Garreau. Vallee Case 160, citing Ici Paris 11 October 1954 + La Parisien 1 October 1954; Paris-Presse 2 Oct 1954.

[Ref. ta1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Location: Premanon France

Date: September 27 1954

Time: 2030

Four children saw a ball of fire hovering in a meadow and 2 “tin ghosts,” shaped “like a lump of sugar split at the bottom.” Raymond Romand, 12, threw pebbles at one; on going to touch it, he was flung to the ground by an ice-cold force. A 12-foot circle of flattened grass was found at the site.

Source: Aime Michel; Magonia 160

[Ref. ge1:] "GROUPE D'ETUDES ET D'INFORMATIONS SUR LES PHENOMENES AEROSPATIAUX NON IDENTIFIES":

PREMANON (39) 27.09.1954
Observed on: 27-09-1954
Region: Franche-Comté
Department: Jura
Class: C
Summary: Observations by children of a vehicle in close proximity; Observation of a red glow and traces on the ground: lack of information.
Description:

On September 27, 1954, at 8:30 pm, three children (12, 9 and 8 years of age) observed near their home a strange, rectangularly shaped, aluminum-shaped craft partially split in the middle in the direction of the height. The machine carries on each side at its base two supports angled externally. It is approximately two meters high and one meter wide. One of the children throws a stone and then a dart from a toy which he is equipped of against the craft that advances slowly and overthrows the child. The latter, frightened, went home and went to bed. Two sisters also saw the craft and frightened went to hide. None of the witnesses saw the craft disappear. The two sisters say they also saw a red gleam swing close to the ground near their dwelling. Parents did not give credit to children. Their teacher reported the observation to the gendarmerie.

At the time of the investigation of gendarmerie two reports are written. The captain does not question the credibility of the children. They live in a remote farm, do not read newspapers and do not go to the movies. Traces on the ground are found in the direction of appearance of the red glow: it is a large crown in the grass lying down and oriented in a clockwise direction. These traces are not recognized as those trampling people or animals. Four holes are also found in this crown.

GEIPAN was informed of the investigation by private ufologist Yves Bosson who met with witnesses in the 1980s who confirmed that they had created a joke whose consequences had escaped them. His report was presented at the Lyon Congress in 1992 ("Proceedings of the Sixth European Encounters of Lyon, 1-2-3 May 1992", SOS OVNI, Aix-en-Provence 1992, pp. 4-16) The chapter "Premanon or Innocence: Investigation of a Case Above All Suspicion", by Thierry Pinvidic et al., Heimdal publisher, France, in the book "UFO, Towards an Anthropology of a Contemporary Myth" pp 123-145, 1993.

Pending verification of these assertions, a priori reliable, the GEIPAN classifies this case "C": lack of confirmed information.

Report: None.

Details of the testimony
Witness
Date of the observation 27-09-1954
Document number
Age Child (under 13)
Profession Students
Sex Male
Reaction Active Curiosity;Fleeing, Protection
Credibility Not specified
Conditions
Environment Country
Weather conditions Not-specified
Hour of the observation Aurore
Reference frame Landscape (trees, mountain, hill, sea,
Distance between phenomenon and witness Très proche (- de 40 m)
Start of the observation Start of observation by witness
End of the observation End of observation by witness
Localization
Angle of the site Others;Not-specified
Direction of observation Geographical landmarks (Name of city, village, numbered, etc.)
Heading Not-specified
Trajectory Not-specified;Not-specified
Nature of the observation Craft
Characteristic of the observation Unique
Global shape Square, rectangulaire
Color Others (autres colors)
Apparent size Numbered
Apparent speed Not-specified
Noise Not-specified
Effect on the environment Physical effects (traces on the ground, traces on vehic
Number: 1

Details of the testimony
Witness
Date of the observation 27-09-1954
Document number
Age Child (under 13)
Profession Students
Sex Female
Reaction Peur
Credibility
Conditions
Environment Others
Weather conditions Not-specified
Hour of the observation Numbered: 20 heures - 22 heures
Reference frame Landscape Urbain (maisons, trees, réverbè
Distance between phenomenon and witness Not-specified
Start of the observation Start of observation by witness
End of the observation End of observation par phénomène
Localization
Angle of the site Not-specified;Not-specified
Direction of observation Not-specified
Heading Not-specified
Trajectory
Nature of the observation Termes descriptifs (lumières, etc)
Characteristic of the observation Unique
Global shape Not-specified
Color Not-specified
Apparent size Not-specified
Apparent speed Not-specified
Noise Not-specified
Effect on the environment Not-specified/td>
Number: 1

Details of the testimony
Witness
Date of the observation 27-09-1954
Document number
Age Child (under 13)
Profession Students
Sex Female
Reaction Peur
Credibility
Conditions
Environment Others
Weather conditions Not-specified
Hour of the observation Numbered: 20 heures - 22 heures
Reference frame Landscape (trees, mountain, hill, sea,
Distance between phenomenon and witness Not-specified
Start of the observation Start of observation by witness
End of the observation End of observation par phénomène
Localization
Angle of the site Not-specified;Not-specified
Direction of observation Not-specified
Heading Not-specified
Trajectory Not-specified;Not-specified
Nature of the observation Craft
Characteristic of the observation Unique
Global shape Not-specified
Color Not-specified
Apparent size Not-specified
Apparent speed Not-specified
Noise Not-specified
Effect on the environment Not-specified/td>
Number: 1

[Ref. gz1:] JULIEN GONZALEZ:

The author indicates that there was an alleged close encounter of the third kind in Prémanon, Jura, on September 27, 1954 at 8:30 pm.

It was raining and the Romand children were playing in a hayloft, their dog began to bark outside. Raymond, 12, the eldest, came out and saw in the yard a "thing", like a piece of sugar, on three feet. Raymond had been alerted by his sister Jeannine of the presence of this "thing". She said, "Come quickly, there's a ghost walking in the yard." Raymond said, "I pick up stones, I throw them, and one of them touches the machine with a sort of sheet metal noise, and then I shoot at it with my arrow gun. A few minutes later, we saw a large red luminous ball, moving like a dead leaf, in a field, at 1.50 m from the farm. It disappeared suddenly."

The next day, the children reported their observations to their teacher Mrs Genillon. An investigation was carried out by Captain Brustel of the Gendarmerie of Saint-Claude. The gendarmerie found traces at the indicated location, on an area about four meters in diameter. The grass was lying down; four holes were placed squarely in the surface of the circle. A mast, located nearby, was scratched on 1.5 cm, at a height of 1.50 m. Traces were found at the foot of the mast.

Les sources sont indiquées comme Jimmy Guieu, "Black-Out sur les Soucoupes Volantes", pages 131¬133; Aimé Michel, "Mystérieux Objets Célestes", pages 143-148; C. Garreau et R. Lavier, "Face aux Extra-Terrestres", pages 211-213; La Bourgogne Républicaine du 30 septembre 1954; Le Progrès du 1er octobre 1954; Paris-Presse du 2 octobre 1954; Radar du 10 octobre 1954; Ici-Paris du 11. octobre 1954.

Julien Conzalez indicates that in reality, Raymond Romand confessed the deception six weeks later, on November 14, 1954, to Claude Comte and André Rosset, investigators of the Cosmos group of Geneva. Their unpublished report was rediscovered in 1979 by Yves Bosson who published it in Vaucluse-Ufologie of the GREPO, #18-19, June-September 80. Then Yves Bosson continued his investigations in Prémanon and elsewhere and interviewed Raymond and Janine Romand, Mrs. Genillon (the teacher) and her husband, Claude Comte and others. He was able to confirm the explanation and his report was presented at the congress of Lyon in 1992 (Acts of the Sixth European Meetings of Lyon, 1-2-3 May 1992, SOS OVNI, Aix-en-Provence 1992, pp. 4 -16). An updated version can be found in Thierry Pinvidic's book "UFO: Towards an Anthropology of a Contemporary Myth, eds. Heimdal, pages 122 to 145. Yves Bosson's long survey resulted in the reconstruction of the scenario Of the story: "We are on Tuesday 28. At the village school, a very young teacher proposed to her students a work of writing. Raymond and his comrades make their copy. The subject is free (...) thus one could tell of real events or invented events (...) Contrary to the assertions of G. Barthel and J. Brucker (...), the teacher had then certainly not asked the children to think about the "stories of Martians who were making the newspapers headlines of the time. (...) Raymond was very clever for his age, he is very imaginative and very intelligent (...) Raymond undoubtedly wrote his text as if he had lived the story. He puts himself in the story with his sisters and his brother. (...) The teacher probably underestimates the ability of Raymond to invent stories. (...) The authority of the teacher helping, he probably did not dare to contradict her when she took his story seriously, so Raymond could not withdraw. (...) And the control of his imaginary narrative escapes him. (...) The teacher takes it; she finds the narrative curious. She speaks of it naturally to her husband, who will play a central role in this affair. He interrogates Raymond. Mrs. Genillon informs M. Vuillermoz, who provisionally commanded the section of the Gendarmerie of Les Rousses. "We are in a wave of flying saucers and in some hierarchical sphere, it will be considered that an on-the-spot investigation is necessary... Following the intervention of the gendarmes, the local correspondent of La Bourgogne Républicaine intervenes, and with him, it is the press that takes over the business." The press articles provoke a second investigation by the gendarmerie, who finds suspicious traces near the place where Raymond said he saw his "ghost": a large crown whose outer and inner circles are respectively 3.5 meters and 2.5 meters where the grass is lying down. For some residents of the village, the traces would result from marks left on the grass by a tent of the holiday colony of Autun (...) By reading again the texts of the time, one realizes that Raymond never mentions the terms "flying saucer" or "Martian" himself. The only expression he uses is that of "ghost" (...) It should also be noted that it was not the children who spoke of "flying saucer" but the adults after their narrative. (...) It was not so much the child Raymond who was influenced, but rather the adults. Even in this small village of Haut-Jura, it was now a question of "flying saucers". (...) This banal invention of a child was then caught in the "trap" of the UFOs: promoted to a brilliant future of "classic case", it will soon circle the world, definitively escaping all its actors.

The source for these explanations is indicated as Thierry Pinvidic, "OVNI: vers une anthropologie d'un mythe contemporain", pages 122-145.

[Ref. ub1:] "UFODATENBANK":

This German online database managed to record the same case of Prémanon no less than 22 times, with variable hours such as "20:30" or "night", once spelling the place : "Primanon".

Explanations:

Special note:

An erudite ufologist informs on a ufology discussion group on February 26, 2007, that Raymond Romand confessed the hoax, although it had nothing to do with a school exercise about Martians by the teacher.

The confession was only six weeks after the report, on November 14, 1954, to Claude Comte and André Rosset, investigators of Cosmos, a Geneva UFO organization, one of the earliest in Europe.

Their unpublished report was rediscovered by Yves Bosson in 1979 and published in 'Vaucluse-Ufologie' #18-19, June-September 1980.

The following years, Yves Bosson continued his investigation, at Prémanon and elsewhere, interviewing Raymond and Janine Romand, Mrs Genillon, her husband, C. Comte and others. He could confirm the explanation and his report was presented at the Lyons congress in 1992 ("Actes des sixièmes Rencontres européennes de Lyon, 1-2-3 mai 1992", SOS OVNI, Aix-en-Provence 1992, pp. 4-16).

The ufologist also notes that the Prémanon case was also allegedly "explained" by Barthel and Brucker ("La grande peur martienne", Nouvelles Editions Rationalistes, Paris 1979, pp. 88-93), "but all their book is a big lie!"

Keywords:

(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Prémanon, Jura, kids, children, child, trace, traces, grass, circle, sphere, luminous, glowing, ufonauts, occupants, trace, traces

Sources:

[---] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Créé/changé par: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross March 7, 2003 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross February 5, 2010 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version. Additions [ra1], [jc1], [le1], [mf1], [tp2], [em1], [lc1], [rt1], [ud1].
1.1 Patrick Gross March 11, 2010 Addition [ip1].
1.2 Patrick Gross June 18, 2010 Additions [jv5], [co1].
1.3 Patrick Gross July 2, 2010 Addition [jv6].
1.4 Patrick Gross October 19, 2011 Additions [gl1], [ci1], [oo3].
1.5 Patrick Gross August 13, 2013 Addition [pr1].
1.6 Patrick Gross November 15, 2014 Addition [ni1].
1.7 Patrick Gross October 19, 2016 Additions [mr1], [jb2]. [ja1], [ta1], [ub1].
1.8 Patrick Gross December 8, 2016 Addition [in1].
1.9 Patrick Gross January 18, 2017 Addition [br1].
2.0 Patrick Gross January 20, 2017 Addition [gz1].
2.1 Patrick Gross January 24, 2017 Addition [gb1].
2.2 Patrick Gross February 15, 2017 Additions [gn1], [er1], [gn2], [gz1], [ge1].
2.3 Patrick Gross March 23, 2017 Addition [lo1].

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