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ACUFO:

ACUFO is my comprehensive catalog of cases of encounters between aircraft and UFOs, whether they are "explained" or "unexplained".

The ACUFO catalog is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file.

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in France, on December 27, 1944:

Case number:

ACUFO-1944-12-27-FRANCE-1

Summary:

Ufology sources on the Web in the 2010's indicate that in the 2007 book "Strange Company - Military Encounters with UFOs in World War II" by Keith Chester, we are told that on December 27, 1944, in France, a report told of "orange lights, singly and in pairs, suspended in air, moving slowly before disappearing."

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: December 27, 1944
Time: ?
Duration: ?
First known report date: 2007
Reporting delay: Hours, months, 6 decades.

Geographical data:

Country: France
State/Department:
City:

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: ?
Number of known witnesses: ?
Number of named witnesses: 0

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: UFO book Keith Chester.
Visibility conditions: Night.
UFO observed: Yes.
UFO arrival observed: ?
UFO departure observed: Yes.
UFO action: Hover, drift slowly, go off.
Witnesses action:
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): No.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): No.
Witness(es) feelings: ?
Witnesses interpretation: ?

Classifications:

Sensors: [X] Visual: ?
[ ] Airborne radar:
[ ] Directional ground radar:
[ ] Height finder ground radar:
[ ] Photo:
[ ] Film/video:
[ ] EM Effects:
[ ] Failures:
[ ] Damages:
Hynek: ?
Armed / unarmed: Armed, probably machine guns.
Reliability 1-3: 2
Strangeness 1-3: 1
ACUFO: Totally insufficient information, possibles flares.

Sources:

[Ref. rwd1:] FRED B. RINGWALD, INTELLIGENCE, US ARMY AIR FORCE:

Note: the document that follows was retrieved by Jan Aldrich's historical ufology effort Project 1947, at www.project1947.com/fig/1945a.htm
Only the header, the footer and the part related to the case documented in this file are shown.
Only other cases are removed, as they are shown in their own case file in this catalog.

Scan.

S E C R E T

1st W/Ind

D-W-2

HEADQUARTERS XII TACTICAL AIR COMMAND, APO #374, U.S. Army, 23 January 1945.

TO: S-2, 415 Night Fighter Squadron.

Forwarded for compliance with paragraph 2 of 1st Ind.

[Signature]

LEAVITT CORNING, JR,.
Lt. Colonel, G.S.C,.
A/C of S, A-2.

2nd W/Ind

415th. NIGHT FIGHTER SQUADRON, APO #374, U. S. Army, 30 January 1945.

TO: AC of S A-2. XII Tactical Air Command, APO 374, U. S. Army.

1. In compliance with paragraph 2 of Ist. Ind., the following extracts from the Sortie reports of various pilots who have encountered the Night Phenomenon are submitted for your information.

[... other cases...]

Scan.

[... other cases...]

Night of 27-28 December 1944 - "While on North heading in patrol area noticed in vicinity of Q-1378 lights suspended in air moving slowly and would then disappear. Were orange in color. Lights appeared singly and in pairs. Observed these lights four or five times during period."

[... other cases...]

Scan.

2. In every case where pilot called GCI Control and asked if there was a Bogey A/C in the area he received a negative answer.

[Signature.]

F. B. Ringwald
Captain, A.C.
Intelligence Officer

* Foofighters is the name given these phenomenon by combat crews of this Squadron.

S E C R E T

[Ref. dwn2:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

Case 73

December 27-28, 1944

Vicinity of Point Q-l 378, Germany

At night, a crew of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron while patrolling on north heading noticed lights suspended in the air moving slowly and would then disappear. They were orange in color. The lights appeared singly and in pairs. The crew observed these lights four or five times during the same period.

Sources: USAAF, Report from Captain F.B. Ringwald, Intelligence Officer, 415th Night Fighter Squadron, To AIC of S, A-2 XII Tactical Air Command, January 30, 1945, NARA/ Strange Company, Keith Chester, 2007

(Ref. nip1:) "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

(1944) Dec. 27, 1944; France

Orange lights, singly and in pairs, suspended in air, moving slowly before disappearing. (Page 108 Ref.1)

The reference 1 is described at the end of the document as "Strange Company (2007), Keith Chester".

[Ref. tai1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Date: Dec. 27, 1944

Location: France

Time:

Summary: Orange lights, singly and in pairs, suspended in air, moving slowly before disappearing.

Page 108 Ref.1

Aircraft information:

I have no information about the aircraft so far; of course the context indicates they were Allied military planes, fighter, night fighters or bombers.

Discussion:

Map.

All kinds of information essential for an evaluation are missing from this report; and at first glance, if one does not want to bias it unnecessarily, one could think that it is a description of various flares, "suspended in the air, move slowly before disappearing."

There is also no indication that the witnesses would have interpreted them differently. In the many military reports of this era, there has generally been no attempt to discriminate between ordinary things and "Foo-Fighters."

We thus found descriptions of artillery or anti-aircraft fire, ground lights, fires, flares, V-2 rockets, among which were also the more interesting descriptions. This is probably not one of the latter.

Evaluation:

Totally insufficient information, possibles flares.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross November 15, 2023 Creation, [nip1], [tai1].
1.0 Patrick Gross November 15, 2023 First published.

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This page was last updated on November 15, 2023.