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URECAT - UFO Related Entities Catalog

URECAT is a formal catalog of UFO related entities sightings reports with the goal of providing quality information for accurate studies of the topic. Additional information, corrections and reviews are welcome at patrick.gross@inbox.com, please state if you wish to be credited for your contribution or not. The main page of the URECAT catalog is here.


Brief summary of the event and follow-up:

The local press quickly reported that on October 2, 1954, at approximately 06:45 p.m. - 07:00 p.m., Robert Cuffaut, son of the special assistant of Jonches Emile Cuffaut, worked with his tractor at the location "Croix-aux-Moines" between Jonches and Egriseilles.

He was in an uncultivated field surrounded by undergrowth on all the sides or almost, belonging to Mr. Girard, of Auxerre. The field was easy to locate because of a pond, it had two hectares of surface and was situated in a deserted place, being an excellent panoramic point of view.

He then saw two individuals at a few hundreds of meters, clad of almost white clear color, who looked in his direction, i.e. that of the airfield.

Mr. Cuffaut continued to turn on his tractor, and after three tours of the field without leaving the individuals from his glance, they had continued to look at the same direction. After that, the individuals left behind a hedge, while Mr. Cuffaut continued to work.

Being a level-headed man, he did not alarm all the hamlet for so little. He left his field towards 07:15 p.m. - 07:30 p.m., then continued his work using the headlights until nearly 09:00 p.m..

At 08:45 p.m. very exactly since Mr. Cuffaut noted it, he saw coming from the direction where the two individuals had been, an apparatus of ember color who slipped by at an increasingly extraordinary speed in direction of Ligny-le-Chatel, towards the North-East roughly. It was lost from sightin 4 or 5 seconds.

Mr. Cuffaut did not prejudge a noise or silence of the craft, since he pointed out that his tractor was noisy. He estimated that the craft measured 4 to 5 meters in length, specifying that he gives only an impression here, and that the machine went really very fast.

Several inhabitants of Strew, among those Mr. Thomasain, the rural policeman, went on the side of "La-Croix-des-Moines" and did not see any trace in the field.

The case was later summarized in a few words by Guy Quincy then Jacques Vallée then others, without any decent effort from anyone to try to establish what Mr. Cuffaut had seen.

Basic information table:

Case number: URECAT-000398
Date of event: October 2, 1954
Earliest report of event: October 4, 1954
Delay of report: 2 days
Witness reported via: Not known.
First alleged record by: N/A.
First certain record by: Newspaper.
First alleged record type: N/A
First certain record type: Newspaper.
This file created on: December 15, 2007
This file last updated on: December 15, 2007
Country of event: France
State/Department: Yonne
Type of location: Field.
Lighting conditions: Day then night
UFO observed: Yes
UFO arrival observed: No
UFO departure observed: Yes
UFO/Entity Relation: Uncertain
Witnesses numbers: 1
Witnesses ages: Not reported. Adult.
Witnesses types: Not reported. Farmer.
Photograph(s): No.
Witnesses drawing: No.
Witnesses-approved drawing: No.
Number of entities: 2
Type of entities: Humanoid or human.
Entities height: Tall
Entities outfit type: Not reported.
Entities outfit color: White or clear.
Entities skin color: Not reported. Too far.
Entities body: Normal.
Entities head: Not reported.
Entities eyes: Not reported. Too far.
Entities mouth: Not reported. Too far.
Entities nose: Not reported. Too far.
Entities feet: Not reported. Too far.
Entities arms: Not reported.
Entities fingers: Not reported. Too far.
Entities fingers number: Not reported. Too far.
Entities hair: Not reported. Too far.
Entities voice: None heard.
Entities actions: Watch, go away.
Entities/witness interactions: None.
Witness(es) reactions: Observed, went, observed, went.
Witness(es) feelings: Not frightened, not really amazed.
Witness(es) interpretation: Not reported.
Explanation category: Possible men, helicopter or plane. Insufficient information.
Explanation certainty: Low.



On Saturday, two strangers were observing the Auxerre airfield


Without any doubt, the nonbelievers will read the headline with such comment.

In any case, and whereas the public authorities (1) did still do nothing to clarify the various opinions of forty million French, we will continue to inform our readers as information reaches us.


It was 06:45 P.M. - 7 P.M. approximately when Mr. Robert Cuffaut (son of the special assistant of Jonches, Mr. Emile Cuffaut), who worked with his tractor at the location named "Croix-aux-Moines," between Jonches and Egriseilles, saw two individuals at a few hundreds of meters, two individuals dressed of almost clear white color, who looked in his direction, i.e., that of the airfield. From this place Auxerre is also very well visible.

Mr. Cuffaut continued to drive, and after three turns around the field without leaving the individuals from sight they continued to look in the same direction. After that, having undoubtedly supposed that this tractor driver had perhaps seen them, the individuals went away behind a hedge to continue their probable inspection. Mr. Cuffaut, continued to work. He was alone. He is well balanced and did not alarm the hamlet for so little. Leaving his field at 07:15 - 07:30 P.M., he continued to work with his headlights on until nearly nine hours.

It is only at 08:45 very precisely, Mr. Cuffaut noted it, that he saw an apparatus of amber color coming from the direction from where the individuals were precisely, that slipped by at an increasingly extraordinary speed in the direction of Ligny-le-Chatel, towards the North-East roughly.

- In 4 or 5 seconds, it was already gone.

Here are the facts strictly as Mr. Robert Cuffaut described them.

The field: a waste land belonging to Mr. Girard, of Auxerre, surrounded by undergrowth on all the sides or almost. Easy to locate because of a pond. Large of two hectares and placed in a deserted place, excellent panoramic point of view.

Several inhabitants of Jonches, among them Mr. Thomasain, rural policeman, went on the area of Croix-des-Moines" and did not see any trace in the waste land.

Mr. Cuffaut cannot tell us of any noise because his tractor was producing noise, it could not judge that. He thinks that the machine measured 4 to 5 meters length. "But this is only an estimate I give. It was so quickly gone."

We will probably never know more about it.

Note: the other cases mentioned in the newspaper article are dealt with in their appropriate case files.


The author indicates that on October 2, 1954, in Jonches, close to Auxerre, two humanoids were seen on the ground and two hours later a red luminous object was observed at the same place at very low altitude.



Oct. 02, 1954, Jonches (France).

Two creatures were seen on the ground, and two hours later a luminous red object was observed at the same spot, at very low altitude. (Quincy)


The two authors indicate that on October 2, 1954 at an unspecified time, in Auxerre, in the department of the Yonne, at the place known as "Jonches", two creatures were seen on the ground. Two hours later, a luminous red object was observed at the same place at very low altitude.

[Ref. mf1:] MICHEL FIGUET:

French ufologist Michel Figuet is certain that it was a helicopter.


According to these two ufologists, the object was an helicopter or an aircraft related to the nearby airfield.

They complain about the brevity of Jacques Vallée's account and note that he mixed what were probably two different events into one.

They say they talked to the witness who told them that the "creatures" were normal beings, maybe a little taller than a man, they were dressed in light colored clothes, that there were traces on the ground which were like a sort of scale with bars distant of four meters and that his sighting is to be believed since the gendarmes investigated it.

The authors say that the gendarmes denied that there has been an investigation but that they remembered the case and that the trace was "ordinary". The authors note that the trace cannot be associated to an object because none was seen, and that Mr. C., the witness, "admitted that the distance between him and the object was of 300 to 400 meters."

They finally note that the area was near to an airfield, and thus conclude that the case has nothing to do in a flying saucers listing.

[Ref. js1:] JEAN SIDER:

Jean Sider indicates that according to L'Yonne Republicaine newspaper, of Auxerres, for October 4, 1954, on page 3, Robert Cuffaut plowed his field with his tractor on October 2, 1954, at 06:45 p.m. in Jonches in the Yonne, when he noticed two normal individuals in light clothes who looked in his direction while following his tractor with the eyes, during three tours of the field.

That lasted long minutes and the witness considered that it was weird as his field was in a isolated sector and surrounded by high hedges.

At 08:45 p.m., he observed an apparatus color of ember which seemed to take off behind a hedge of his field, precisely where the individuals came from. The craft went towards Ligny-le-Châtel and was lost from sight in 4 or 5 seconds.

Jean Sider points out that it is not obvious that the individuals and the craft are connected, that Michel Figuet does not give the hours and calls these individuals "beings", which lends to many interpretations.

He notes that the version by Jacques Vallée simply states that two creatures are seen on the ground and that two hours later a luminous object is seen at the same place, flying very low. Jean Sider indicates that this too concise and erroneous version was used as a basis by debunkers Barthel and Brucker to make the incident ordinary, starting by claiming that the main witness is "Mr C...", this indicating that they did not know his identity, not more than Michel Figuet gave it on his page 106.

They make then a boob by talking of their "tiresome research" of which they "spare" their readers, to find the witnesses (plural) of the incident, whereas there was only one witness.

Jean Sider also notes that Mr. Cuffaut did not say it was two "creatures" like Barthel and Brucker do, but spoke about two individuals, and that it was enough to read the journalistic source to realize that and to find the identity of the witness.

Jean Sider notes that Barthel and Brucker claim to have spoken to the witness, who allegedly told them to have found traces on the ground, and that the Gendarmerie made an investigation. Barthel and Brucker refute this then, with the reason that the Gendarmes allegedly told them they did no investigation but remember the case, and according to them the trace was of no interest.

Jean Sider does not believe that the allegations of tiresome investigation of Barthel and Brucker is true. On the one hand they do not seem to know the witness' name, on the other hand, if there were no Gendarmerie investigation, the change of career make improbable that Gendarmes have memories of the case more than 20 years later. Lastly, the Gendarmerie file being centralized in Leblanc in the Indre after ten years, it was not possible to find traces of their investigation locally if there were one.

Jean Sider also notes that in 1988, Joel Mesnard managed to locate the witness' widow in ten minutes although he did not know his name, and that Mrs. Cuffaut informed that her husband had died more than 10 years ago, and that Barthel and Brucker thus claimed to have spoken to a dead man, unless they talked to him before his death.



Location. Jonches, France

Date: October 2 1954

Time: unknown

Two humanoid creatures were seen on the ground, and 2 hours later a luminous red object at very low altitude was observed at the same spot. No other information.

Humcat 1954-64

Source: Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia

Type: D

[Ref. dj1:] UFOCAT'S "ON THIS DAY":

On this Day

October 2


1954 - Two creatures were seen on the ground in Jonches, France. Two hours later a luminous red object was observed at the same spot, at a very low altitude. (Sources: Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia, p. 215; Michel Figuet and Jean-Louis Ruchon, OVNI: Le premier dossier complet des rencontres rapprochees en France, p. 107).

[Ref. jb1:] JEROME BEAU:

Jérôme Beau indicates that on Saturday, October 2, 1954 in Jonches in France, two humanoids were seen on the ground and two hours later, a luminous red object was observed at the same place, at very low altitude.

Jérôme Beau indicates that his sources are Quincy, and Vallée, J., case #40, "Rapport sur l'analyse de 200 observations documentées faites en 1954".

[Ref. ud1:] "UFODNA" WEBSITE:

This web site has the case twice:

"2 October 1954 - Jonches, France - Two creatures were seen on the ground, and two hours later a luminous red object was observed at the same spot, at very low altitude. Explanation: Re-entry."

"2 October 1954 18:50 - Jonches, France - Close encounter with a an unidentified craft and its occupants. One red object was observed for 120 minutes. Two beings were seen. Explanation: Re-entry."

[Note: a "re-entry" is not the explanation of the case.

[Ref. cm1:] "CA MANQUE PAS D'AIR":

A web page of the TV show "Ca manque pas d'air" on the TV channel France 3 about the UFO topic indicates:

"Case of the observation in Jonches (in the Yonne) on October 2, 1954, with the presence of 2 humanoids."

A link forwards to the present web page on my web site.

Points to consider:

About the critic of Barthel and Brucker by Jean Sider:

Jean Sider's arguments are not at all convincing, and give the impression that, on this case, he was just as manipulator as Barthel and Brucker supposedly were.

The first point is that Sider claims Barthel and Brucker did not know the name of the witness because they call him "Mr C..." without giving his full name, which he suggested being the same with Michel Figuet on page 106. However, Figuet on page 106 does not even give "Mr. C", but "Mr. XX." From this emerges that in fact, Barthel and Brucker probably knew the full name of the witness and indicated only "Mr. C" probably quite simply not to reveal an identity which they noted Figuet did not publish at all. By calling the witness "Mr. C", they prove by no means that they did not know the full name and thus could not have spoken to him, they prove on the contrary that they knew his name - although that does not prove that they spoke to him. Besides, they explicitly wrote in their text about the case that when the name of a witness was silenced in the ufological sources, they refrain from providing it.

A second point raised by Jean Sider is that there is a lie by Barthel and Brucker since there was one witness only whereas they claim to have had a hard time finding the witnesses (plural). But the argument is rather specious if one considers that several residents of Jonches, among those Mr. Thomasain, rural policeman, went to search for traces in the fields, and thus can also be regarded as witnesses that Barthel and Brucker were right to look for, if only to have their testimonies about these traces or the reputation of Mr. Cuffaut in the village.

A third point is that Jean Sider evokes that Barthel and Brucker claimed to have spoken with a man who was dead since the witness died on a given date as 10 years before Joel Mesnard learned it from the widow in 1988. But thus brings back the year of the death to 1978, and Barthel and Brucker having published their book in 1979, there is really nothing extraordinary with the idea that they would have spoken to Mr. Cuffaut in 1978 or before. Admittedly, after having scoffed about the interview of a dead man, Jean Sider moderates his remark by suggesting that maybe they talked to him before he died. But in the event, it was all the same a useless argument.

Jean Sider criticizes on several occasions Barthel and Brucker for having carried out their investigations by phone instead of going on locations. He does not put out this criticism here; perhaps because Joel Mesnard's conversation with Mrs. Cuffaut was also by phone and the remark would have been ill-placed this time? And why was Mrs Cuffaut, on this occasion, not just asked if her husband actually had met or talked on the phone with Barthel and Brucker, which would have put the a simple answer to the matter of the "invented investigation" of the latter, if such was the case?

Lastly, why does Jean Sider completely conceal the explanation given by Barthel and Brucker, that of a helicopter or plane from the nearby airfield? Is this to have the reader think that Barthel and Brucker's approach would have been to claim the case was a hoax? If there was good sense in recalling that the "beings" were in fact "individuals", was it not just as relevant to recall that Barthel and Brucker confirmed the report but alloted it to a possible aircraft from the nearby airfield?

About the Barthel and Brucker discussion of the case:

The two authors indeed complain about the insufficient data on the case; they reproduce the summary by Jacques Vallée and are ironical by calling it "very precise". The criticism is actually deserved, briefly cataloguing such cases on short sources (Quincy) and without any concern for checking into them was bad ufology.

One can notice that according to Barthel and Brucker, the observation is not a pure fabrication since they write that "one remembers the 'obs' in the country", and that the Gendarmes told them they remembered it.

It is however clear that, as in the whole of their work, their say is rather obscure, badly documented, badly supported. By no means do we get to know with whom exactly they spoke, neither when, neither if they were on the spot or not, nor what the gendarmes exactly said. With regard to the trace for example, the Gendarmes allegedly told them that it was "ordinary", but by no means do we get to know what this meant for the Gendarmes. Was the trace described by Mr. Cuffaut according to Barthel and Brucker invented by Mr. Cuffaut or not? We will not know. But we can note that it does not match helicopter traces.

Barthel and Brucker find that the witness is contradicted by the fact that there was no Gendarmerie investigation. But how would Mr. Cuffaut have differentiated the fact that the gendarmes spoke to him and saw the trace, from an investigation per se? There is nothing astonishing that, telling what he saw to the Gendarmes, and the latter hearing him out and looking at a trace, he deduced that they were investigating and not just merely making the conversation. The Gendarmes possibly did not log anything, but it is useless to suggest that it really contradicts Mr. Cuffaut.

Lastly, it is obvious that while Barthel and Brucker suggests that the explanation lies in the proximity of an airport, they do not seem to have proposed this type of possibility to the witness - by fear of seeing it contradicted? As the newspaper wrote it at the time, "we will probably never learn anything more", quite simply because neither at the time nor since, nobody thought to carry out the least decent ufological investigation of this case.

The case:

The individuals, according to Mr. Cuffaut, were at 400 or 500 meters, well beyond a distance where humans and humanoids can be differentiated - any human looks humanoid and vice versa if it does not have a really strange morphology. It is thus logical that Mr. Cuffaut was hardly moved at the time by these two characters and did not give more detail about them. This by no means excuses the transformations into "beings" or "creatures" found in ufological sources, since it leads readers to thinl they were actually not human.

In fact, from the little being said, it arises that Mr. Cuffaut was probably not carried to sensationalistic claims or exaggeration. He points out that he cannot claim an absence of noise from the craft since his tractor could have covered it. He makes a remark of prudence about his size estimate of the craft. It precisely notes the hour of its passage in the sky. All this makes very regrettable that there was nobody to correctly approach his testimony, whereas the opportunity was there, instead of putting out misleading "summaries" and criticisms of ufologists by ufologists exclu^sively on their general failure.

List of issues:

Id: Topic: Severity: Date noted: Raised by: Noted by: Description: Proposal: Status:
1 Data Severe December 15, 2007 Patrick Gross Patrick Gross Insufficient data, or Press type. Help needed. Opened.
2 Ufology Severe December 15, 2007 Patrick Gross Patrick Gross Single witness. - -
3 Ufology Severe December 15, 2007 Patrick Gross Patrick Gross No ufological investigation report on the sighting. Help needed. Opened.


Possible men, helicopter or plane. Insufficient information.

Sources references:

* = Source I checked.
? = Source I am told about but could not check yet. Help appreciated.

Document history:


Main Author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history

Version: Created/Changed By: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross December 15, 2007 Creation, [yr1], [jv1], [jv2], [fr1], [mf1], [bb1], [js1], [ar1], [dj1], [jb1], [ud1], [cm1].
1.0 Patrick Gross December 15, 2007 First published.

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This page was last updated on December 15, 2007