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ACUFO:

ACUFO is my comprehensive catalogue of cases of encounters between aircraft and UFOs, whether they are "explained" or "unexplained".

The ACUFO catalogue is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file.

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Palembang, Indonesia, on August 10, 1944:

Case number:

ACUFO-1944-08-10-PALEMBANG-1

Summary:

Retired U.S. Marines Major Donald E. Keyhoe, pioneer ufologist, author of the first book on the topic, was often contacted by readers who wanted to share with him their own UFO experiences. In 1952, he exchanged letters with Alvah M. Reida, a U.S chiropractor who had been a B-29 pilot during WW II. Reida also sent a report about his sighting to Keyhoe's National Investigation Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP).

Reida informed that on August, 10, 1944, he was a Captain, Commander of the 468th Bomber Group, 792nd Squadron, based at Kharagpur, India. Reida took off from Ceylon on a mission of 50 planes leaving at intervals of a few minutes. The first ones went in and mined the river leading to Palembang to trap tankers moored at the docks. The target was the largest "Gas Cracking" plant in the South Pacific.

Reida's plane was number 50 and in addition to dropping bombs, he was asked to drop a number of photo-flash magnesium bombs suspended by parachutes, and then make a few photographic runs over the target in order to document the raid's results.

When Reida arrived at the target area, in the night, flying at at about 17,000 to 18,000 feet, he made a first run to drop his regular bombs. The cloud cover was clear above them but about 9/10 clouded under them and visibility was bad. He circled around the area, and visibility improved, but was still occasionally obliterated by clouds. His gunners reported that te gas-cracking plant was a sea of flame and they could see storage tanks disintegrating one after the other. He took movies of the area, but they did not come out too well. On and off, he was hung up on several searchlights and managed to escape them for a few minutes, only to get caught up again.

Them, his right gunner called in over inter-com saying there was an unidentified object at 3 o’clock. He said he didn’t see it coming, it was suddenly there.

It appeared teardrop shaped, it seemed to have an aura or corona around it, it seemed to have body on depth to it and appeared to be pulsating, contracting and expanding. At the tail, it was discharging fire or some type of exhaust. The colors of the flame were most distinctly as burning copper would give forth, a bluish green.

The object was quite visible and had sharp definition: "In other words it wasn’t necessary to scan the sky to find it, all that was necessary to look to starboard and it was there." He sketched the object in his letter:

Sketch.

Reida remembers that his airspeed was about 220-240 m.p.h., that there was wind, but he did not recall the wind direction.

Reida explained that though the distance at night is deceiving, they did not fire at it because they estimated that it was out of gun range which was 1000 yards. He said he would be "hazarding a guess in saying it was probably 3-5000 yards away and appeared to be about the size of a small automobile." There were no other planes in the area that he knew of.

Reida went into evasive action, assuming it was a Japanese plane or some mechanism sent up to pace them for anti-aircraft fire. But whichever altitude or direction Reida took, the thing stayed with them at 3:00 o’clock position. When it left it just went straight up and was gone.

In his NICAP report, he specified that in his evasive actions, he had been changing direction constantly, as much as 90 degrees, and changed altitude on about 2 000 feet; but the object followed every maneuver for about 8 minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards and about 2 o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left it made an abrupt 90 degrees turn, up and accelerating rapidly, it disappeared into the overcast.

Reida explained:

"At this time myself or none of my crew, were familiar with the term of flying saucers and after conjecturing and discussing the object we saw, we agreed it must have been some new, probably radio-controlled device the Japs had sent up, to track us for anti-craft fire. During interogation [sic] we reported it, because it was so unusual and as far as an answer from the Interrogating Officers I don’t recall one. I think there was a bit of ribbing and joking connected with it, and the fact that we had been flying about 19 hours, so were seeing things. Life was quite unusual in those days and we had experienced many things in China and India, so we didn’t attach too much importance to it only that after the war it was one of those experiences that remains with you. Most of them, especially combat action seems to dim with the years. Of the eleven men in my crew who saw it there are only two of us left. The co-pilot Ney M. Fowler 1st Lt. is the only other survivor. He came from some small town in Arkansas and I seem to have lost track of him. He was very seriously disabled and I think probably had been in hospitals since the war."

In his letter, he also suggested that if the object was a vehicle from outer space, it may have been attracted to the location by the burning of the target area, the tremendous brilliance from the photo-flash bombs, and the searchlights.

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: August 10, 1944
Time: Shortly after midnight.
Duration: 8 minutes.
First known report date: 1952
Reporting delay: Hours, 8 years.

Geographical data:

Country: Indonesia
State/Department: Sumatra
City: Palembang

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: 4 to 10
Number of known witnesses: 1
Number of named witnesses: 2

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: Witness letter to Donald Keyhoe.
Visibility conditions: Night, undercast.
UFO observed: Yes.
UFO arrival observed: Yes.
UFO departure observed: Yes.
UFO action: Follows, follows maneuvers, goes away.
Witnesses action: Escape maneuvers.
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): Yes.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): Yes.
Witness(es) feelings: Puzzled, worried.
Witnesses interpretation: Enemy device, later extraterrestrial craft.

Classifications:

Sensors: [X] Visual: 4 to 10.
[ ] Airborne radar: Not reported.
[ ] Directional ground radar:
[ ] Height finder ground radar:
[ ] Photo:
[ ] Film/video:
[ ] EM Effects:
[ ] Failures:
[ ] Damages:
Hynek: NL
Armed / unarmed: Armed, 12 12.7 mm Browning M2 machine guns.
Reliability 1-3: 2
Strangeness 1-3: 3
ACUFO: Possible extraterrestrila craft.

Sources:

[Ref. ara1:] ALVAH M. REIDA:

January 26, 1952

Dear Sir:

I’ll try to give a brief rundown of the situation leading up to this sighting. There were 50 B-29s on this mission. The planes left Ceylon at intervals of a few minutes. The first ones went in and mined the river leading to Palembang to trap Tankers moored at the docks. The target was the largest "Gas Cracking" plant in the S. Pacific. My plane was number 50 and I in addition to dropping bombs, had a number of photo flash magnesium bombs that I was to drop, suspended by parachutes, then make a few photographic runs over the target.

When we arrived at the target area we made our first run by radar, dropping our regular bombs. The cloud cover was almost sold, probably 9/10 under us and visibility was bad. We circled around and the area below improved in visibility, but was still occasionally obliterated by clouds. The gunners reported the gas-cracking plant was a sea of flame and they could see storage tanks disintegrating one after the after. I took movies of the area, but they didn’t come out too well. On and off I was hung up on several searchlights and waves shake loose from them for a few minutes, only to get caught up again.

At this time myself or none of my crew, were familiar with the term of flying saucers and after conjecturing and discussing the object we saw, we agreed it must have been some new, probably radio-controlled device the Japs had sent up, to track us for anti-craft fire. During interogation [sic] we reported it, because it was so unusual and as far as an answer from the Interrogating Officers I don’t recall one. I think there was a bit of ribbing and joking connected with it, and the fact that we had been flying about 19 hours, so were seeing things. Life was quite unusual in those days and we had experienced many things in China and India, so we didn’t attach too much importance to it only that after the war it was one of those experiences that remains with you. Most of them, especially combat action seems to dim with the years. Of the eleven men in my crew who saw it there are only two of us left. The co-pilot Ney M. Fowler 1st Lt. is the only other survivor. He came from some small town in Arkansas and I seem to have lost track of him. He was very seriously disabled and I think probably had been in hospitals since the war.

If I could take the liberty, I will add my opinion.

If there are vehicles from outer space and with the burning of the target area, the tremendous brilliance from the photo-flash bombs, the searchlights, couldn’t it have been just possible that they came down to look over the situation?

Sincerely,

Alvah M. Reida


5. Layers of fast moving scud clouds below clear above - we were at about 17,000 to 18,000 feet night time - quite dark - I don’t recall if the moon was visible.

9. It appeared tear drop shaped. Seemed to have an aura or corona around it. Seemed to have body on depth to it and appeared to be pulsating, contracting and expanding. At the tail it was discharging fire or some type of exhaust. The colors of flame were most distinctly as burning copper would give forth, a bluish green.

10. As far as brightness was concerned, it was quite visible and had sharp definition. In other words it wasn’t necessary to scan the sky to find it, all that was necessary to look to starboard and it was there.

12. The right gunner called in over inter-com saying there was an unidentified object at 3:00 o’clock. Said he didn’t see it and then it was suddenly there. I went into evasive action assuming it was a Jap plane or some mechanism sent up to pace for anti-aircraft fire. Whichever altitude or direction I assumed it stayed with us at 3:00 o’clock position. When it left it just went straight up and was gone.

14. Our airspeed was about 220-240 mph there was wind, but can’t recall the direction.

20. Distance at night is deceiving, but we….didn’t fire at it realizing it was out of gun range which was 1000 yards. I would be hazarding a guess in saying it was probably 3-5000 yards away and appeared to be about the size of a small automobile.

25. There were no other planes in the area that I knew of.

Alvah M. Reida
Box 816. Palmer School Chiropractic
Davenport, Iowa

The sketch in the letter:

Sketch.

[Ref. csi1:] "C.S.I. QUARTERLY":

Scan.

SIGHTING BETWEEN CEYLAN AND PALEMBANG - SUMATRA, 1944

"During World War II as a B-29 pilot in the C.B.I., I was on a mission from Ceylon, bombing Palembang, Sumatra... The date was August 10, 1944, time shortly after midnight. There were 50 planes on the strike going in on the target at about 2 or 3 minute intervals. My plane was the last one on the target and the assignment was for us to bomb, then drop photo-flash bombs attached to parachutes, make a few runs over the target area, photographing bomb damage from the preceding planes. The weather was broken clouds, with an overcast above us. Our altitude was 14,000 feet, indicated air speed 210 mph.

About 20 to 30 minutes after we left the bombing area my co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably 5 or 6 feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color. It seemed to have a halo effect. My gunner reported it coming in from about the five o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio - controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly, as much as 90 deg. and altitude about 2 000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about 8 minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards and about 2 o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left it made an abrupt 90 deg. turn, up and accelerating rapidly it disappeared into the overcast." A.M.R.

[Ref. nip2:] NICAP - "THE UFO EVIDENCE":

Scan.

Bomber Paced By UFO – August 10, 1944

Capt. Alvah M. Reida, during his military flying career, was an airplane Commander on B-26's, B-24's and B-29's. At the time of the sighting, he was based at Kharagapur, India, in the 468th Bomb Group, 792nd Squadron, XX Bomber Command. All quotes from his report, on file at NICAP.

"I was on a mission from Ceylon, bombing Palembang, Sumatra. The date was August 10, 1944, time shortly after midnight. There were 50 planes on the strike going in on the target at about 3 minute intervals. My plane was the last one in on the target and the assignment was for us to bomb, then drop photo-flash bombs, attached to parachutes, make a few runs over the target area, photographing damage from the preceding planes. The weather was broken clouds, with an overcast above us. Our altitude was 14,000 feet, indicated air speed about 210 mph.

While in the general target area we were exposed to sporadic flak fire, but immediately after leaving this area it ceased. At 20 or 30 minutes later the right gunner and my co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably 5 or 6 feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color. It seemed to have a halo effect. Something like this:

[Scan]

My gunner reported it coming in from about five o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly as much as 90 degrees and altitude about 2000 feet. It followed every maneuver for about 8 minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards out and about 2 o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90 degree turn, up and accelerating rapidly; it disappeared in the overcast."

Capt. Reida added: "During the strike evaluation and interrogation following this mission, I made a detailed report to Intelligence, thinking it was some new type of radio controlled missile or weapon."

[Ref. lcp1:] LEONARD G. CRAMP:

On 10 August, 1944, Capt. Alvah M. Reida, Commander of 468 Bomber Group, 792nd Squadron based at Kharagapur, India, had an encounter with a UFO. In a later report to N.I.C.A.P.* he said:

"I was on a mission from Ceylon, bombing Palembang, Sumatra. The date was 10 August, 1944, time shortly after midnight. There were 50 planes on the strike going in on the target at about two or three minute intervals. My plane was the last one in on the target and the assignment was for us to bomb, then drop photo flash bombs, attached to parachutes, make a few runs over the target area, photographing damage from the preceding planes. The weather was broken clouds, with an overcast above us. Our altitude was 14,000 feet, indicated air speed about 210 m.p.h.

"While in the general target area we were exposed to sporadic flak fire, but immediately after leaving this area it ceased. At about 20 or 30 minutes later the right gunner and my co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in colour. It seemed to have a halo effect. Something like this:

"My gunner reported it coming in from about five o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly as much as 90 degrees and altitude about 2,000 feet. It followed our every manoeuvre for about eight minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards out and about two o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90 degree turn, up and accelerating rapidly, it disappeared in the overcast."

Capt. Reida added, "During the strike evaluation and interrogation following this mission, I made a detailed report to Intelligence, thinking it was some new type of radio controlled missile or weapon."

* National Investigation Committee of Aerial Phenomena in U.S.A. (Has the greatest supporting membership in the world and no doubt is the best informed civil organisation for the study of UFOs.)

[Ref. vgs1:] VINCENT H. GADDIS:

Sometimes the foo fighters roamed far a field. While returning to Ceylon from a bombing raid on Palembang, Sumatra, in August 1944, Captain Alvah M. Reida and his crew observed a spherical object, five or six feet in diameter, very bright and reddish-orange in color. It paced the plane about 500 yards off the starboard wing. The captain noticed that it seemed to have a halo effect, and appeared to throb or vibrate constantly.

"I went into evasive action," Captain Reida reported, "changing direction constantly as much as 90 degrees and altitude about 2,000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about eight minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards out and about two o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left. it made an abrupt 90-degree turn, up and accelerating rapidly; it disappeared in the overcast."

[Ref. gld1:] GORDON LORE AND HAROLD DENEAULT:

Four months later [than April 1944], approximately 100 miles north of Palembang, Sumatra, an American bomber was chased by a bright, glowing object. The airplane commander, Captain Alvah M. Reida, was assigned to the 468th Bomb Group, 792nd Squadron, 20th Bomber Command, based at Kharagapur, India. On August 10, 1944, Reida flew the last of fifty planes on a bombing run over Palembang.

"While in the general target area," Reida said, "we were exposed to sporadic flak fire, but immediately after leaving this area it ceased. About twenty or thirty minutes later the right gunner and my co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color. It seemed to have a halo effect...

"My gunner reported it coming in from about five o'clock ... at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio-controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly as much as ninety degrees and altitude about 2,000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about eight minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards out and about two o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90° turn, and, accelerating rapidly, it disappeared in the overcast."

Reida emphasized that he made a detailed report to Intelligence after the mission. Whether Intelligence acted on the information is not known.

The authors indicate that the source is the NICAP file.

[Ref. lgs1:] LOREN GROSS:

Scan.

One American pilot testified:

"I was on a mission from Ceylon, bombing Palembang, Sumatra. The date was August 10, 1944, the time shortly after midnight. There were 50 planes on the strike going in on the target at about 2 or 3 minute intervals. My plane was the last one in on the target and the assignment was for us to bomb, then drop photoflash bombs, attached to parachutes, made a ten runs over the target area, photographing damage from the preceding planes. The weather was broken clouds, with an overcast above us. Our altitude was 14,000 feet, indicated air speed about 210 mph.

While in the general target area we were exposed to sporadic flak fire, but immediately after leaving this area it ceased. At about 20 to 30 minutes later the right gunner and my co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At a distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably 5 to 6 feet in diameter, of a very bright an intense red or orange in color... My gunner reported it coming in from about 5 o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly as much as 90 degrees and altitude 2,000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about 8 minutes, always holding a position of about 500 yards out and about 2 o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90 degrees turn, up and accelerating rapidly; it disappeared in the overcast."

[Ref. jcf1:] JEROME CLARK AND LUCIUS FARISH:

Shortly after midnight on Aug. 10, 1944, a B-29 was returning to Ceylon after a bombing mission over Palembang, Sumatra, when, as the pilot said "my copilot reported a strange object pacing us about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright or intense red or orange in color. It seemed to have a halo effect.

"My gunner reported it coming in from about the five o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio-controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly, as much as 90 degrees and altitude about 2,000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about eight minutes, always holding a position about 500 yards out and about two o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90 degree turn; accelerating rapidly, it disappeared into the overcast."

[Ref. mbd1:] MICHEL BOUGARD:

A few weeks later, on August 10, a B-29 pilot on a mission between Ceylon and Palembang (Sumatra) observed a "pulsing sphere" which accompanied the aircraft for several minutes.

[Ref. lwr1:] DR. LOUIS WINKLER:

Scan.

1944 Aug 10/Palembang, Sumatra/Lore-Deneault

Two pulsating objects, one red-orange, the other blue-green, paced the airplane. Although the pilot maneuvered sharply the objects followed and then left straight up. Also, 100 mi. north a red-orange sphere, 5 to 6 ft. in diam., followed another airplane 500 ft. off a wing for 8 min. It eventually made an abrupt 90° turn and left rapidly.

[Ref. rhl1:] RICHARD H. HALL:

"Foo-fighters" also were seen in the Asian Theater. On August 10, 1944, Capt. Alvah M. Reida was piloting a B-29 on a bombing mission over Sumatra. After leaving the targel area he and his crew saw an orange spherical object with a halo effect that paced off the starboard wing. Reida took evasive action, but the UFO followed every maneuver for about 8 minutes. "When it left," he said, "it made an abrupt 90 degree turn, up and accelerating rapidly."

[Ref. pbh1:] PETER BROOKESMITH:

On 10 August 1944, Captain Alvah M. Reida was piloting a B-29 bomber based at Kharagapur, India, on a mission over Palembang, Sumatra, when his right gunner and co-pilot noticed a sphere 'probably five or six feet (1.5-1.8m) in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color' that constantly throbbed, about 12,500ft (3750m) off the starboard wing. It paced the B-29, then flying at 210 mph (340km/h) at 14,000ft (4200m). Reida jinxed his plane to shake it off, but it stayed in the same relative position until, after eight minutes, it 'made an abrupt 90° turn and accelerated rapidly, disappearing in the overcast.'

[Ref. gvo1:] GODELIEVE VAN OVERMEIRE:

1944, August 10

ASIA, between CEYLAN and SUMATRA

A B-29 pilot on a mission observed a pulsing sphere which accompanied the aircraft for several minutes. (Michel BOUGARD: "La chronique des OVNI" – Delarge 1977- p. 269 gives the date 10.8.44)

OTHER VERSION: Captain Alyanb [sic] Reida, at the controls of his B 29, observed on August 1 during a bombing on the oil installations of Sumatra, a strange gray and oval flying machine which left behind a bluish gray trail and who followed him for several minutes. (S. DELLO STROLOGO: "Ce que les gouvernements vous cachent sur les S. V." – De Vecchi 1975, p. 31, which says August 1. In fact it is August 10).

OTHER VERSION: "Shortly after midnight, we were returning to Ceylon, after a bombing mission on Palembang in Sumatra. At that moment my co-pilot informed me of an object overtaking us at 500 m, at this distance it appeared as a spherical object, 5 to 6 feet in diameter, and a very intense and bright orange-red color. It seemed to have a halo. This thing seemed to be constantly vibrating or pulsing and I thought it was a radio-controlled thing to locate us, so I performed evasive maneuvers by constantly changing direction at 90° at 200 feet altitude. This thing was behind us the whole time, in each maneuver, for 8 minutes. Finally it left, turning abruptly at an angle of 90 °, accelerating and disappearing from sight." (The Mysterious Foo Fighters of WWII. – Jeroen Wierda UPORI, 19.5.1997)

[Ref. lhh1:] LARRY HATCH:

506: 1944/08/10 00:10 12 96:00:00 E 9:45:00 N 3333 OCN IND MLC 6:9
CEYLON><:SUMATRA:B29/BOMBING RUN PACED:2M ORB:90°TURNS:GOES^^:/r242p23+/r65
Ref# 46 KEHOE,Maj Donald: F.S. TOP SECRET Page No. 83: IN-FLIGHT

[Ref. jck2:] JEROME CLARK:

The author indicates that a dramatic incident happened shortly after midnight on August 10, 1944, to a B-29 crew on its way home from a bombing run over Palembang, Sumatra. In a March 4, 1952, letter to retired Marine Corps Major and UFO author Donald E. Keyhoe, Alvah M. Reida related:

"My co-pilot reported a strange object pacing us at about 500 yards off the starboard wing. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright or intense red or orange in color. It seemed to have a halo effect."

"My gunner reported it coming in from about the five o'clock position at our level. It seemed to throb or vibrate constantly. Assuming it was some kind of radio-controlled object sent to pace us, I went into evasive action, changing direction constantly, as much as 90 degrees and altitude about 2,000 feet. It followed our every maneuver for about eight minutes, always holding a position about 500 yards out and about two o'clock in relation to the plane. When it left, it made an abrupt 90-degree turn; accelerating rapidly, it disappeared into the overcast."

[Ref. prt4:] JAN ALDRICH - "PROJECT 1947":

*N - 1944.08.10 - Night, Japan

B-29, 40th Bombardment Group, two aircraft crews reported seeing a green flare followed by an amber-orange flash horizontally across the nose of the aircraft. (There were no fighters, or searchlights on this mission and flak was meager. 40th Bomb Sq History)

D - 1944.08.10

The Records of the 792d Bombardment Squadron's history confirms that Lt. Reidas was indeed on the mission described by him on this date. There are no details about the mission or bombing results. (792d Bomb Sq History)

[Ref. dwn2:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

Case 45

August 10, 1944

Between Palembang (Sumatra) and Ceylan

In the evening, Capt. Alvah M. Reida and the crew of a USAAF B-29 bomber (468th Bomb Group, 792nd squadron, 20th Bomber Command based at Kharagapur, India) returning to their base after a bombing mission over Sumatra observed a bright orange spherical object (diameter: 2 meters) with a halo effect that paced off the starboard wing at about 500 yards. At that distance it appeared as a spherical object, probably 5 or 6 feet in diameter of a very bright intense red or orange light. The pilot took evasive action, but the object followed every maneuver for about 8 minutes. According to the pilot "When it left, it made an abrupt 90° turn up an accelerating rapidly. The co-pilot and right gunner saw also the phenomenon. According to the gunner, it corned from 5 o'clock at our level and seemed to vibrate or throb constantly.

Sources: The UFO Evidence, Richard Hall, NICAP, 1964 / The UFO Encyclopedia, Volume 2, Jerome Clark / Lumieres Dans la Nuit # 330 / Uninvited guests, Richard Hall, p.198 / Mysteries of the skies, Gordon Lore &Harold Deneault, NICAP, 1968 / US S-2 Flash report, aircraft N° 4494, pilot Reida / Strange company, Keith Chester, 2007

[Ref. nip3:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

[1944] Aug. 10/11, 1944; Palembang, Sumatra

Reddish orange balls, about the size of a baseball; spherical object, probably 5 or 6 feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color. (Page 71-74 Ref.1)

The reference 1 is described at the end of the document as "Strange Company (2007), Keith Chester".

[Ref. nip3:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

[1944] Aug. 10, 1944; Sumatra

Sighting of maneuvering UFO which paced B-29 (Reida case) during mission. [NICAP UFO Evidence, 1964, Hall, III]

The reference 1 is described at the end of the document as "Strange Company (2007), Keith Chester".

[Ref. tai1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Date: Aug. 10, 1944

Location: Sumatra

Time:

Summary: Sighting of maneuvering UFO which paced B-29 (Reida case) during mission.

NICAP UFO Evidence, 1964, Hall, III

The same case was entered a second time as:

Date: August 10, 1944

Location: Kharagpur, India

Time:

Summary: On August 10, 1944, Captain Alvah M. Reida was piloting a B-29 bomber based at Kharagpur India, on a mission over Palembang, Sumatra, when his right gunner and co-pilot noticed a sphere ‘probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color’ that constantly throbbed, about 12,500 ft off the starboard wing. It kept up with the B-29, then flying at 210 mph. Reida tried to shake it off his plane, but it stayed in the same relative position until, after eight minutes, it ‘made an abrupt 90 degree turn and accelerated rapidly, disappearing in the overcast

Source:

[Ref. ekl1:] EGON KRAGEL:

This author indicates that on the Indian ocean in August 1944, flying a U.S. Army B-29 Superfortress bomber, Captain Alvah M. Reida had a strange encounter.

He was a member of the 486e bomber group, 792e squadron, 20e air tactical command based in Kharagpur, India.

He is quoted saying:

"I was from Sri Lanka, flying a bombing mission over Palembang in South Sumatra. It was August 10, 1944. It was after midnight. We were a formation of 50 planes and had to drop our bombs every 3 minutes. As my plane was the very last of the group, my mission was to drop a bomb and then circle the target and take some pictures to assess the damage caused by my predecessors. The weather was cloudy with an overcast sky above us. We were flying at an altitude of 4,200 meters and our speed was 330 km/h. As we flew over the target, we were exposed to flak. But as we moved away, the threat ceased."

"About 20 or 30 minutes into our mission, the gunner and my co-pilot suddenly reported that a strange object was following us. It was flying about 450 yards off our wing. from where we were, it looked like a spherical object 1 to 2 meters in diameter, a dense orange-red color and very bright. It was surrounded by a sort of halo. My gunner then told me that it was moving from a "5 o'clock" [right rear) position to keep up with us. It seemed to pulse or vibrate continuously. I thought it was a radio-controlled object that was launched to find us. I tried to lose it by changing direction, making 90-degree turns, descending to an altitude of 600 meters. For 8 minutes, he stuck to each of our maneuvers, always at a distance of 450 meters and at a position of "2 o'clock" [right front]. Then suddenly he initiated an abrupt 90-degree turn, accelerated rapidly and disappeared into the clouds."

The author indicates that the source are "NICAP, The UFO Evidence, Richard H. Hall Editor, May 1964, p. 23 - Jerome Clark and Lucius Farish, "The Mysterious 'Foo Fighters' of World War II," UFO Report, Spring 1975, p.11 - Timothy Good, Above Top Secret, Quill William Morrow 1988, p. 19.

[Ref. get1:] GEORGE M. EBERHART:

1944

[... other cases...]

August 11

Shortly after midnight. Capt. Alvah M. Reida is piloting a B-29 bomber based at Kharagpur, India, on a bombing mission over Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia, when his right gunner and copilot notice a sphere "probably five or six feet in diameter, of a very bright and intense red or orange in color" that constantly throbs, at about 12,500 feet, pacing them about 1,500 feet off the starboard wing. It keeps up with the B-29, then flying at210 mph. Reida tries to shake it off his plane, but it stays in the same relative position until, after 8 minutes, it makes an abrupt 90° turn and accelerates rapidly, disappearing in the overcast. (UFOEv, p. 23; Strange Company 71 – 75; Good Above, p. 19)

[... other cases...]

[Ref. twf1:] "THE WHY FILES" WEBSITE:

10th August, 1944, Captain Alvah M. Reida reported that his right gunner and co-pilot both observed a sphere, five or six feet in diameter, whilst flying his B-29 Bomber over Palembang, Sumatra. The sphere was described as "of a very bright and intense red or orange, that constantly throbbed" and calculated that the object was at 14,000 ft. in height. The object followed the B-29 for eight minutes despite attempts to lose it and eventually turned away, accelerating rapidly out of sight.

Aircraft information:

The Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" was the heaviest bomber of the US Army Air Force, used in operations from May 8, 1944 and on. Its maximum speed was 574 km/h.

Its defensive armament was 12 Browning M2 12.7 mm machine guns.

B-29.

Discussion:

Map.

Dr. Alvah Michael Reida was born on November 7, 1920 in Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA, and died on May 11, 1975 at the age of 54 in Ashburnham, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA.

Apart from his engagement as a pilot during World War II, he had been a chiropractor, graduating from the Universal Institute of Applied Ontology in Iowa. In 1972 he published a science fiction novel, "Fault Lines."

Reida indicated that the only other witness still alive when he made the report was Ney M. Fowler. He said he was his co-pilot, that he was a 1st Lieutenant, that he "came from some small town in Arkansas", that he was "very seriously disabled."

I was able to verify this, in the historical reference "The Story of The 'General Billy Mitchell Group' 468th Bomb Group (VH) – From the CBI to the Marianas" by the New England Air Museum, 2008:

Field Order 22
Takamatsu Urban
3-4 July 1945

On the night of 3-4 July a "normal effort" mission was scheduled for the Takamatsu Urban Area. The Group had 33 aircraft scheduled and airborne. 29 aircraft bombed the Primary Target with E-46 and M-46 incendiaries, 2 aircraft hit Sukumo, Chichi Jima, these being Targets of Opportunity and 1 aircraft returned early due to mechanical failures.

This mission was the most costly of the month. Skookum #12 A/C 500 with Lt. Col. Theodore H. Watson, Commanding Officer of the 792nd Bombardment Squadron as Pilot crashed into the ocean one and half minutes after takeoff from West Field. The entire Crew was lost with the exception of 1st Lt. Ney M. Fowler, Co-Pilot, who was picked up byan Air Sea Rescue vessel after an hour in the water. Also aboard was Capt. Lloyd B.James, Squadron Flight Surgeon, riding as a passenger. Needless to say, the loss was a tremendous blow to the Group.

I also found that Dr. Ney M. Fowler was born in 1920, died in 1982, and rests in Smith-Rosemont Cemetery, 1010 Military Rd, Benton, Arkansas, USA.

What was observed in this case has no ordinary explanation as far as I am concerned. For example, a meteor cannot follow the evasive maneuvers of a plane for 8 minutes.

Evaluation:

Possible extraterrestrila craft.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross November 26, 2023 Creation, [ara1], [csi1], [nip2], [lcp1], [vgs1], [gld1], [lgs1], [jcf1], [mbd1], [lwr1], [rhl1], [pbh1], [gvo1], [lhh1], [jck2], [prt4], [dwn2], [nip3], [tai1], [ekl1], [get1], [twf1].
1.0 Patrick Gross November 26, 2023 First published.

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