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The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this site is here.

October 21, 1954, Guînes, Pas-de-Calais:

Reference number for this case: 21-Oct-54-Guînes. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.

Reports:

[Ref. gn1:] GENDARMERIE NATIONALE:

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GENDARMERIE NATIONALE

REGIONAL COMMAND OF THE 2nd MILITARY REGION

2nd Gendarmerie Legion
Compagny of the Pas-de-Calais
Section of [-]
# 159/4

[blackened out], October 23, 1954

REPORT

by Captain [blackened out], Commander of the Gendarmerie Section

about a luminous phenomenon observed by the Maréchal des Logis Chef [blackened out], commander of the [blackened out] squad and the Gendarme [blackened out] of the same squad.

REFERENCE: Service memo # 15/4 Régional command of the National Gendarmerie for January 11, 1954.

On October 21, 1954 at 7:30 p.m. the Maréchal des Logis Chef [blackened out] and the gendarme [blackened out] of the Brigade of [blackened out] observed a luminous phenomenon while they circulated between ANDRES and GUINES on G.C. # 224.

These two soldiers heading towards Guines were to reach the railway of local interest (coordinates Lambert North of War: x = 568,800-y = 351,900). The darkness was total, the sky very clear, the stars visible, the wind almost nil. Suddenly they saw a very brilliant luminous trail crossing the sky at low altitude and at very high speed along a north-south trajectory.

This luminous trace can only be compared to the luminous wake which can be left by a rocket and which can come from a machine that had remained invisible.

It had the shape of a cone with a length of 200 to 300 meters and a diameter of 2 to 10 meters, the point of the cone directed in the direction of travel, the base of the cone extended by a multitude of sparks.

The altitude of the phenomenon, though difficult to determine, can nevertheless be between 400 and 500 meters.

No noise accompanied this trail which had the luminosity of lightning flash and which was visible for 15 seconds at most.

This phenomenon can not be classified among known phenomena, such as shooting stars or meteors because of the size of its dimensions and the horizontality of its trajectory, nor can it be emitted by a known craft or apparatus, rocket or airplane, given its speed.

signed:
[Signatures]

[Ref. gn2:] GENDARMERIE NATIONALE:

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E.M. F.A.A.
SCIENTIFIC OFFICE
ARRIVAL COURIER
8 NOV. 1954

INFORMATION

Origin: 02
Source: Gendarmerie
Value: B / 2

By P. V. ["Procès Verbal", written report] No. 482 of 10.10.1954, the Gendarmerie of [Blackened out] (Oise) reported that on 6.10.1954 around 8 p.m. Mr. [Blackened out] residing [Blackened out] observed for about 40 minutes from 8:10 pm to 8:00 p.m. to 8:50 p.m. a luminous disc of orange red color with an apparent diameter of half the full moon, supporting a kind of nacelle. This apparition, whose luminous intensity was variable, and which was alternately extinguished and relighted several times, seemed to be above Senlis, and moved very slowly to the right in relation to the point of observation.

The family of Mr. [Blackened out], composed of his wife, his 2 sons and his daughter-in-law, also observed this phenomenon.

By P. V. No. 553 of 19.10.1954, the Gendarmerie of [Blackened out] (Oise) reported that on 18.10.1954 Mrs [Blackened out] and her friend [Blackened out] riding a bicycle between FONTENAY TORCY and SAINT SAMSON LA POTERIE saw a gear shaped as a "cigar" going at a prodigious speed from west to east, then falling vertically. This craft had a white headlight at the front, while orange-red flames arose at the rear. For a few seconds, the area (in a hollow) was illuminated on 2 to 3 square kilometers. 300 meters farther away, the woman, who had felt severe headaches from the moment she saw in the headlight of her bicycle a strange "man" standing motionless on the side of the road, she felt her legs paralyzed. According to Mr. [Blackened out], who followed her, and also saw the "man", she passed only at few centimeters of the "man".

Description of the "man": size 1m. approximately, black face, helmeted head, strong corpulence, leather jacket with brilliant highlights. The light rays of his eyes gave the sensation of emitting electric shocks paralyzing the legs of the 2 cyclists and causing them violent headaches.

The two witnesses experienced intense fright. These people are reputed to be of a serious nature and do not indulge in drinking.

Mr. [Blackened out], residing at [Blackened out], stated that at the same time, on his return from work, he had seen the "cigar" descending vertically; he also declared that the region had been lit up like in broad daylight for 2 seconds.

By P. V. No. 752 of 23.10.1954, the Gendarmerie [Blackened out] (S.I.) reports that on 19.10, from 9.30 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. Mrs. [Blackened out] and her daughter [Blackened out], observed from their window a strange luminous display. The [Blackened out] housing is a dependence of the castle of EU, it is in elevation of 12 meters with respect to the Boulevard Hélène.

In the direction of the côte d'Ault, also called Côte Saint Valéry, about 1 km. 500 of their observation point, these people saw bright gleams

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seeming to come from a terrestrial point. The night was very dark, there was wind and it had rained heavily. The lights became stronger and stronger and dazzling, the source remaining fixed. At one point luminous spots were launched from the source in various directions, these "flares" formed red circles, spinning and returning to their starting base. This "luminous ballet" seems to have taken place exclusively on the ground.

The ladies are not subject to hallucinations, they are calm and sensible, the girl was raised at the College of EU until the age of 18, she is in possession of the B.E. [Brevet d'Etudes] and speaks English and German.

From the road bridge over the Bresle, people saw unusual lights in the direction of the Côte de Saint Valéry but could not observe the "ballet".

A chief electrician of the E.D.F. to whom the gendarmes asked for his opinion, thinks that at the indicated places two high voltage power lines are crossing in the fields, the humidity resulting from the heavy rain could cause a powerful electric arc and several colors. He does not explain the phenomenon of revolving lights.

By P.V. n° 159/4 of 23.10.1954 the Section of Gendarmerie of [Blackened out], reports that the 21.10.154 at 07:30 p.m., the Maréchal des Logis Chef [Blackened out] and the Gendarme [Blackened out] of the Brigade of [Blackened out] observed a luminous phenomenon as they circulated between Andres and Guines, heading towards Guines.

They saw a very bright luminous trail crossing the sky at low altitude and at very high speed following a strictly horizontal trajectory oriented N-S.

The thing had the shape of a cone, point forward, from 200 to 300 m. long and with a diameter of 2 to 10 m., the base of the cone being prolonged by a multitude of sparks - altitude 400 to 500 m. No noise emitted - brightness of lightning bolts. The phenomenon was visible for 15 seconds at most.

[

In 1968-1969, before the official GEPAN ufology effort started, its future head Dr Claude Poher was a member of the unofficial GEPA ufology group, and gathered a computer coded listing of more than 700 UFO reports on which multiple factors statistical computation could be run. In the file were a number of 1954 French UFO reports, among those this one.

For readability, a decoded interpretation of the data is provided here under the original 80 character encoded string. Decoding was done according to the original indications, the code number and its generic meaning is given. Please not that the generic meaning of each code is a predefined category, not the real specific details of the case. For example, if the main witness' age was 33, the coding would result in a number "3" which corresponds to a category "Adult from 21 to 59 years."

Original code:0623552110195419301JA21040113410151000002020110000000000000000000000000010000000
Location:GC244 Guines (Pas de Calais) - France
Case number:0623
Source code:55
Nature of the source:Reports from official French sources : Police, Gendarmerie, Army, Pilots
Day:21
Month:10
Year:54
Hours:19
Minutes:30
Type of Time:1 = local time
Number of witnesses:2 = 2
Main witness named:1 = name(s) indicated
Main witness age:0 = no indication
Main witness occupation:4 = army, police, fireman, constable
Official investigation:1 = an official investigation was made
Weather:1 = beautiful weather, clear sky, no clouds
Duration:3 = from 10 to 59 seconds
Minimal distance witness - phenomenon:4 = from 151 to 999 m
Method of observation:1 = naked eye
Number of "objects" observed simultaneously:01 = 1
Shape of the "object" (terminology of witness(es)):5 = cone, triangular, "coolie hat", trapezoïdal
Dimensions of the phenomenon:10 = 10 meters
Color of the observed phenomenon:00 = no indication
Luminosity of the phenomenon:2 = luminous, fluorescent
Lights or projectors on the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Moving speed of the phenomenon:2 = "very rapid"
Acceleration of the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Trajectory of the phenomenon:1 = straight line or very wide curve
Sounds perceived during observation:1 = no noise, total silence, object noiseless
Maximum angular height of observation (horizon = 0°):0 = no indication
Nature of the landing place:0 = no indication
Number of contact points with ground:0 = no indication
Traces of landing:0 = no indication
Observation of "occupants"0 = no indication
Height of the occupants observed:00 = no indication
Garment of the occupants:00 = no indication
Garment:0 = no indication
General behavior of "occupants":0 = no indication
Interaction of "occupants" with witness:0 = no indication
Head, hair:0 = no indication
Voice, breathing, chin:0 = no indication
Skin:0 = no indication
Eyes:0 = no indication
Mouth:0 = no indication
Various details:0 = no indication
Thermal effects:0 = no indication
Luminous effects:0 = no indication
Magnetic effect (or electromagnetic):0 = no indication
Odor perceived by witness:0 = no indication
Physiological effects on the witness(es):0 = no indication
Psychological effect on the witness(es):0 = no indication
Effects on animals:0 = no indication
Other effects reported:0 = no indication
Nebulosity:1 = luminous trail or "flames" behind the moving phenomenon
Oscillations, emission of matter:0 = no indication
Spin, formation flight:0 = no indication
Immediate disappearance:0 = no indication
Halo surrounding the phenomenon:0 = no indication
Interaction witness / phenomenon (complement to the other rubrics):0 = no indication
Drawing or photo:0 = no indication
Structural details observed:0 = no indication

[Ref. lc1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates that in the Pas de Calais at Guînes on October 21, 1954, at 19:30 "Two witnesses gendarmes being on secondary road 244, observed by clear sky an object in the shape of a cone of a size estimated as 10 meters. It was luminous and moved in straight line without any noise and very fast while leaving a luminous trail. The observation lasted less than one minute and the distance estimated between the witnesses and the object was lower than a thousand meters."

Luc Chastan indicates that the source is "Les Universons par Poher Claude ** http://www.premiumwanadoo.com/universons/"

[Ref. ge1:] "GROUPE D'ETUDES ET D'INFORMATIONS SUR LES PHENOMENES AEROSPATIAUX NON IDENTIFIES":

[D244] FROM ANDRES (62) TO GUINES (62) 10.21.1954
Observed on: 10/21/1954
Region: Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department: Pas-de-Calais
Class: B
Summary: Observatoins of the silent passing N-S of a luminous trail in the sky: probable observation of the passage of a fireball.
Description:

On October 21, 1954 at 7:30 p.m., two gendarmes observed for a maximum of 15 seconds a very brilliant luminous trail that silently crosses the sky at high speed in a north-south direction. In the dark night with clear skies and visible stars, this trail has the shape of a cone with the tip forward and the base extended by numerous sparks. Its trajectory is horizontal.

Although the witnesses (wrongly) excluded a meteor "because of its size and the horizontality of its trajectory" it is probably what they saw.

GEIPAN classifies this case B as a probable observation of the passage of a bolide caused by the re-entry into the atmosphere of a natural meteoroid that fragmented.

Report: None.

Details of the testimony
Witness
Date of the observation 21-10-1954
Document number
Age Adult (more than 18)
Profession Other Category
Sex Male
Reaction Active Curiosity
Credibility
Conditions
Environment Departemental paths,Roads
Weather conditions Clear Sky
Hour of the observation Numbered: 6 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Reference frame Sky or clouds
Distance between phenomenon and witness Not-Specified
Start of the observation Start of observation by witness
End of the observation End of observation by phenomenon
Localization
Angle of site Others;Others
Direction of observation North
Heading North
Trajectory Straight Line;Straight Line
Nature of the observation Descriptive words (lights, etc)
Characteristic of the observation Unique;With trail, tail, sparks,
Global shape Conical, triangle
Color Not-Specified
Apparent size Numbered
Apparent speed Fast, high, quick
Noise No noise
Effect on the environment Not-Specified
Number 1

Details of the testimony
Witness
Date of the observation 21-10-1954
Document number
Age Adult (more than 18)
Profession Other Category
Sex Male
Reaction Active Curiosity
Credibilitv Normal Credibility
Conditions
Environment Departemental paths,Roads
Weather conditions Clear Sky
Hour of the observation Numbered: 6 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Reference frame Sky or clouds
Distance between phenomenon and witness Not-Specified
Start of the observation Start of observation by witness
End of the observation End of observation by phenomenon
Localization
Angle of site Others;Others
Direction of observation North
Heading North
Trajectory Straight Line;Straight Line
Nature of the observation Descriptive words (lights, etc)
Characteristicof the observation Unique;With trail, tail, sparks,
Global shape Conical, triangle
Color Not-Specified
Apparent size Numbered
Apparent speed Fast, high, quick
Noise No noise
Effect on the environment Not-Specified
Number 1

[Ref. ub1:] "UFO-DATENBANK":

[Ref. ub1:] "UFO-DATENBANK":

This database recorded the case twice:

Case Nr. New case Nr. Investigator Date of observation Zip Place of observation Country of observation Hour of observation Classification Comments Identification
N° de cas Nouveau N° de cas Enquêteur Date d'observation CP Lieu d'observation Pays d'observation Heure d'observation Classification Commentaires Identification
19541021 21.10.1954 Andres Guines France 19.30
19541021 21.10.1954 Guines France 19.30 NL

Explanations:

Not looked for yet.

Rather obvious description of a meteor.

Keywords:

(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Guînes, Guines, Guine, Pas-de-Calais, official, multiple, daylight, triangle, luminous, fast trail, meteor

Sources:

[---] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross September 17, 2007 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross January 12, 2010 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version.
1.1 Patrick Gross January 21, 2017 Additions [gn1], [gn2], [ge1], [ub1]. Change of city name from "Guine" to "Guînes".

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This page was last updated on January 21, 2017.