ALSACAT -> Homeclick!
Cette page en françaisCliquez!

ALSACAT:

As its name suggests, ALSACAT is my comprehensive catalog of UFO sighting reports in Alsace, the region is the North-East of France, whether they are "explained" or "unexplained".

The ALSACAT catalog is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file. A general index and thematic sub-catalogs give access to these Alsatian case files.

Case of Rohrschollen, on January or February 1983:

Case number:

ALSACAT-1983-01-00-ROHRSCHOLLEN-1

Summary:

Ludovic Le Bihan, investigative ufologist, cartoonist by profession, published his report on his investigation of a case that took place in January or February 1983, on the Rhine near the island of Rohsrschollen near Strasbourg.

He explains that in 1983, the company Alsace Croisières proposed cruises on the Rhine, and counted among its fleet the ship "Alsace 1", on which Patrick Schmitter was then steward, while Mr. F. was the captain.

On the day of the observation, "Alsace 1" had boarded about forty passengers, as well as its crew, for a route leading the boat to an arm of the Rhine at Rohrschollen where it had to turn back to return to Strasbourg. A cruise lasted from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., the boat was to make its U-turn around 10:30 p.m..

At approximately 10:15 p.m., the boat slowed to a speed below 10 km / h, to engage in the U-turn. The captain, the steward and one passenger were in the wheelhouse. They looked at the sky and saw a star that seemed to grow very slowly. They continued to go about their business, glancing from time to time at the star, straight ahead to the south, which seemed to be growing slowly as if it were coming to meet them. The two company men thought it must be "a reflection."

Suddenly, as Patrick Schmitter openws the window, a gigantic cigar-shaped object appeared across the Rhine, moving slowly in front of them. The boat and the phenomenon met each other.

The witnesses were "stunned, like living a movie". The cigar appeared "as when one turns on a light," said the two crew members separately. "The situation was going crazy, all of a sudden," said Patrick.

Not feeling reassured, he climbed onto the upper deck to gain access down to the room where the passengers were; he alerted them, and twenty of the forty passengers got on the outer deck to better observe the phenomenon. No panic occured, and Patrick describes the passengers as "tantalized" by the phenomenon. Even if someone had a camera or movie camera, no one would have thought of using it, according to the two interviewed witnesses.

During all this time, there was no music on the boat, and at no time did the phenomenon make any noise. Only the roar of the engine of "Alsace 1" was heard.

The lower part of the cigar was red-orange, of "fire" color, and the upper part "of a strong blue, like a summer sky" for Patrick, and "of a turquoise blue" according to Commander F.

Patrick, on the deck with the passengers, saw evenly spaced portholes, round or square, a dozen maybe. The commander, who had not left his cabin, sees, overall, an orange-red color: which the investigator attributes to the facts that on the one hand, he is busy steering the boat, his field of vision being thus restricted, and that on the other hand, the cabin in which he stands is located in a lower part of the ship, so that he looks at the underside of the object.

The cigar approached and begun to emit, on each end, a white beam, parallel to the ground, with parallel edges and extending to the horizon. This beam appeared as a sort of rectilinear ribbon, infinitely long, contained in a horizontal plane: it had almost no thickness, but a width of about ten meters, a third of the width of the UFO.

One of the two discrepancies identified between the witnesses is as follows: it appeared to the commander that the beam was bright red, but this may be due to his position on the boat. The stewart, Patrick Schmitter, watched the phenomenon from the front deck to the rear deck, and is undoubtedly the witness who observed this phenomenon the longest.

It is not snowing, but the cloud ceiling is very low; the stars wer seen, but no one has mentioned the presence of the moon.

The cigar is under the cloud ceiling, according to Patrick, at a maximum height of 100 meters as it passes over the boat. Commander F. and Patrick both evaluate the length of the cigar at 100 meters; at arm's length, they evaluate it at about 1.50 meters, or a 150° angle. The cigar was about three times the size of the boat, the latter measuring 33 meters by 6 meters. The altitude, according to the investigator, would have been 40 meters above the boat rather than 100 meters.

Suddenly, "squadrons", at least three, appeared in various places in the sky. They first moved slowly in different directions, then accelerate to blazing speeds, and change trajectories without stopping. These sharp-angled trajectories take place without any deceleration.

Then these "squadrons" seemed to enter the huge cigar by its left side, on the side of the French bank.

Each "squadron" is a V-shaped formation, consisting of a "mini-cigar" in the center and front, and two other smaller and rounder objects on each side. The set consists of four bright balls and a small cigar; it is white in color. The size of each ball is at arm's length of about 9° to 10° angle (9 to 10 for Patrick, and 10 for the commander). The commander's testimony is not very assured about the number of "squadrons".

Suddenly, to the general amazement, the witnesses who followed the "cigar" passing over the boat and then towards the rear of the boat, where the witnesses went, observed from there the "cigar" disappear "as when one extinguishes a light, or in a fingers snap". The observation lasted, not to mention the preliminary phase during which "the star" grew, about fifteen minutes, from the appearance of the cigar until its disappearance.

This adventure changed nothing in the lives of the two interviewed witnesses. Patrick Schmitter (29-year-old during the observation) spoke to his brother, his parents, and his friends. They scoffed. Commander F. (25-year-old in 1983) tried to forget the thing, never told anyone about it, and even advised Patrick Schmitter not to bring his testimony to the attention of the gendarmerie. He never wanted to record his testimony on an official document or on the logbook of the ship. The two men spoke together only two or three times about their observation.

They had continued to work for the same company; Schmitter as shipbuilding manager, leading a team of 150 people, and the commander as trainer for the commanders of the Alsace Croisières fleet.

Ludovic Le Bihan explained that he tried to find the passengers list, but the company had experienced successive moves and it was impossible to find the files.

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: January or February 1983
Time: ~10:15 p.m.
Duration: ~15 minutes.
First known report date: 2000?
Reporting delay: Years, decades?

Geographical data:

Department: Bas-Rhin
City: Rohrschollen
Place: On cruise boat on the Rhin river near Rohrschollen island, UFO in the sky.
Latitude: 48.500
Longitude: 7.785
Uncertainty ratio: 500 m

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: ~20
Number of known witnesses: 2
Number of named witnesses: 1
Witness(es) ages: Adults.
Witness(es) types: Cruise boat commander and personal, passengers.

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: Ufology investigation report by Ludovic Le Bihan.
Type of location: From a cruise boat on a river, UFO in the sky.
Visibility conditions: Night.
UFO observed: Yes
UFO arrival observed: Yes
UFO departure observed: Yes
Entities: No
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): No.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): Maybe.
Witness(es) feelings: Puzzled, stunned.
Witnesses interpretation: ?

Classifications:

Hynek: NL or CE1
ALSACAT: Probable extraterrestrial craft.

Sources:

[Ref. lb1:] LUDOVIC LE BIHAN - LDLN:

Rohrschollen, January 1983

Ludovic Le Bihan

In 1983, the company Alsace Croisières proposed cruises on the Rhine, and counted among its fleet the "Alsace 1"; which today is no longer in service. At that time, Patrick Schmitter was the steward on this ship, and Mr F. was the captain. They are still working for the same company; the first is now responsible for the layout of the ships, and leads a team of 150 people. The second trains the commanders of the Alsace Croisières fleet; it is a set of luxurious boats at very affordable prices; today, the company carries around 80,000 customers a year. Unfortunately, the successive moves of the company have made it impossible to find the files concerning the customers of the time that interest us.

One day in January or February 1983, the "Alsace 1" boarded about 40 passengers, as well as its crew. The itinerary of the cruise was such that the ship had to go through a curve of the Rhine at Rohrschollen where it had to turn back to return to Strasbourg. A cruise lasted from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., the boat turning back around 10:30 pm.

It is approximately 10:15 p.m. that night, the boat slows to a speed below 10 km / h, and is about to turn around when arriving at Rohrschollen. The captain, the steward and one passenger are at the wheelhouse; they scan the sky and observe a star that seems to grow very slowly. They continue to go about their business and, from time to time, take a look at this star, right in front (south), which always seems to grow slowly. It seems to come to meet them. Both think it is a reflection. Suddenly, as Patrick Schmitter opens the window, a gigantic cigar appears across the Rhine, moving slowly. The boat and the phenomenon encounter each other...

The witnesses are "stunned, like living a movie". The cigar appeared "as when one turns on a light," the two crew members separately declared to us. "The situation was going crazy, suddenly," says Patrick.

Not feeling reassured, he climbed onto the upper deck, to go back down to the room where the passengers were; he alerts them, and twenty of the forty passengers get on the outer deck to better observe the phenomenon. No panic occurs, and Patrick describes the passengers as "tantalized" by the phenomenon. Even if someone had a camera or movie camera, no one would have thought of using it, according to the two witnesses interviewed.

During all this time, there was no music on the boat, and at no time did the phenomenon make any noise. Only the purring of the engine of "Alsace 1" was heard.

The lower part of the cigar was red-orange, of "fire" color, and the upper part "a strong blue, like a summer sky" for Patrick, and "a turquoise blue" according to the commander.

Patrick, on the deck with the passengers, observes regularly spaced portholes, round or square, a dozen perhaps. The commander, who has not left his cabin, sees, rather, overall, an orange-red color, but this is undoubtedly due to the fact that on the one hand, he is busy steering the boat, his field of vision is restricted, and that on the other hand, the cabin in which he is located is in a lower part of the ship, so that it looks rather at the underside of the machine.

The cigar is getting closer. It begins to emit, on each side, a white beam, parallel to the ground. The edges of the beam are also parallel and go to the horizon. This beam appears in fact as a sort of rectilinear ribbon, infinitely long, contained in a horizontal plane: it has almost no thickness, but a width of about ten meters, a third of the width of the object.

One of the two discrepancies found between the witnesses is as follows: it appears to the commander that the beam was bright red, but this may be due, as we have seen, to his position on the boat. In addition, the skipper, Patrick Schmitter, has followed the phenomenon from the front bridge to the rear deck, and is undoubtedly the witness who observed this phenomenon the longest.

It is not snowing, but the cloud ceiling is very low; however, it is possible to distinguish the stars; no one mentioned the presence of the moon.

The cigar is located under the cloud ceiling: according to Patrick, at 100 meters maximum when it passes at the vertical of the boat. Commander F. and Patrick both evaluate the length of the cigar at 100 meters; at arm's length, they estimate it at about 1.50 m, that is to say 1,500' (1). The cigar was about three times the size of the boat measuring 33 m by 6 m. It therefore seems that the estimate of the actual size of the craft is correct (100m), but the altitude is wrong and was not 100 m, but 45 m (40 m above the boat).

Suddenly, "squadrons", at least three, appear in various places in the sky. They first move slowly in different directions, then accelerate to blazing speeds, and constantly change their trajectories. These sharp-angled trajectories take place without any deceleration, then the "squadrons" seem to enter the enormous cigar by its left side. Each "squadron" is a V-shaped formation, consisting of a "minicigar" in the center and front, and two other smaller and rounder objects on each side. The set consists of four light balls and a small cigar; it is white in color. The size of each ball is at arm's length of about 9 to 10 degrees (9 to 10 for Patrick, and 10 for the commander). (2)

Opposite: Patrick Schmitler, one of two known witnesses of an unusual appearance, to which about twenty people have, it seems, attended. How could such a spectacular event, seen by so many people, have had no echo? One can, in a pinch understand the relative concern of discretion of the commander of the boat, but how to interpret the absence of reaction of the passengers? How can one understand that no other witness on the banks of the Rhine has come forward?

All these questions, together with the obvious good faith of the two witnesses questioned, suggest, in obviousness, that an "encounter with a UFO" is probably not to be conceived in the same way as a common type of experience. It may be doubted that the show is really the same for all present, and that the visibility of the phenomenon is the same in all directions and for everyone.

Numerous other incidents (Haravilliers, for example) raise exactly the same questions, which constitute the substance and the essence of the UFO problem: the fate of some of the witnesses is shocking, whereas for all the others, the incident seems insignificant. Here lies the mystery of these manifestations and the abyss of misunderstanding that surrounds them.

Below: the aspect of the phenomenon, seen from the wheelhouse of the boat (drawing by Ludovic Le Bihan)

The boat will pass under a huge cigar from where, towards each bank of the river, a horizontal luminous ribbon, while in the sky, "squadrons" of luminous objects move in all directions. If this phenomenon were the same for everyone present, there should have been dozens, if not hundreds, of witnesses.

Sketch of a "squadron" by Cdt F.

The second discrepancy lies in the fact that the Commander is certain that each squadron had a "leader" at the head. This discordance, or difference of comprehension, can also be explained. The captain, in fact, was unable to give the same number of squadrons or luminous balls twice in a row. The numbers he communicates vary from simple to double, and his testimony is very vague on this point. His description and the gestures he makes lead to imagine moves similar of those that fifty ping-pong balls overthrown from their box at the same time would achieve.

Suddenly, to the general amazement, the witnesses observe at the back of the boat the cigar which disappears "as when a light is extinguished, or that one claps fingers". The observation lasted (without counting the preliminary phase during which "the star" grows) about fifteen minutes, from the appearance of the cigar until its disappearance.

This adventure changed nothing in the lives of the two witnesses interviewed. Patrick Schmitter (29 years old during the observation) spoke to his brother, his parents, and his friend. They scoffed at him. As for Commander F (25 years old in 1983), he tried to forget, and never told anyone. He had even advised Patrick Schmitter not to bring his testimony to the knowledge of the Gendarmerie. He never wanted to record his testimony on an official document or on the logbook of the ship. The two men spoke only two or three times about their observation.

Above: reconstruction of the ecnounter on a model of the southern suburbs of Strasbourg (with the cigar and the ribbon light in the foreground)

Opposite: map of the region. The meeting place is located less than 10 km from the center of Strasbourg, and just 4 km from urbanized areas: Stockfeld south of Neuhof, Goldscheuer on the German side of the Rhine.

Below: approximate reconstruction of "Alsace 1".

Encounter location

Reconstruction of the Rohrschollen incident by Ludovic Le Bihan

10 p.m.. Commander F. and the Captain, Patrick Schmitter, are at the wheelhouse. They observe a star that seems to grow very slowly.

10:15 p.m. They open the window. Suddenly, a cigar appears, about 100 meters long, above the river, in front of them. The upper part is blue, the bottom is red-orange.

A white beam (in the form of a horizontal ribbon) appears at each end of the cigar, extending to the horizon. Its thickness is almost zero, and its width reaches ten meters.

The passengers, on the upper deck, watch the cigar, which passes at the vertical of the ship. In the sky, "squadrons" of luminous objects are maneuvering at a wild pace.

Following the cigar with the eyes, the passengers go to the back of the bridge. By the left (so on the side of the French bank), the "squadrons" seem to penetrate into the cigar. Suddenly, it disappears on the spot! it is then 10:30 p.m.

Editor's note

  1. We know few examples in which an UFO has been observed by several people under such an angle!
  2. As it often happens, one may wonder if the apparent size was not greatly overestimated: if really each ball had been seen from such an angle, and judging from the sketch provided by Commander F a single "squadron" would have sufficed to fill the entire field of view of the witnesses, but the report states that there were at least three, and no element of the narrative suggests such a frightening gigantism. Let's not forget that ten degrees represent 20 times the apparent diameter of the full moon, so 400 times its apparent surface! Was the word "ball" used here erroneously instead of "squadron", or are we once again dealing with a case of overvaluation (monumental) of apparent size?

[Ref. on1:] "ONDES":

Testimony: January 1983, On the Rhine (France)

Testimony collected by Ludovic LE BIHAN (ONDES)

At Rorhschollen, on the Rhine (near Neuhof) in January 1983 or 1984 around 00:40. The witnesses will be nicknamed Mr P. and Mr K. This sighting takes place aboard a boat from a cruise company. In winter 1983 or 84, probably in January, one of the boats of the fleet was going to make an unexpected encounter. The cruise ship is at Rurhshölen, 3km South-East of Strasbourg The customers dines quietly on board. Mr. P., attendant, and Commander K. are on deck. They look at the starry sky that shines through a snowy sky. Around midnight, at the steering wheel, they observe "a kind of star" which grows slowly during 2 to 3 minutes. And it gets bigger, getting closer so that it arrives at the vertical of the ship at an altitude between 50 and 100 meters. What seemed to be a star in the distance is actually a cigar about 100 meters long and bigger than the boat (about 70 m). Mr S. is scared. He does not "want to be alone" and goes down to alert the forty passengers. They will also be able to observe the phenomenon.

[Ref. on2:] "ONDES":

Testimony: January 1983, On the Rhine (France)

Testimony collected by Ludovic LE BIHAN (ONDES)

At Rorhschollen, on the Rhine (near Neuhof) in January 1983 or 1984 around 00:40. The witnesses will be nicknamed Mr P. and Mr K.

This sighting takes place aboard a boat from a cruise company. In winter 1983 or 84, probably in January, one of the boats of the fleet was going to make an unexpected encounter. The cruise ship is at Rurhshölen [sic], 3 km south-south-east of Strasbourg. The passengers dine quietly on board. Mr. P., attendant, and Commander K. are on the deck. They look at the starry sky that shines through a snowy sky. Around midnight, at the steering wheel, they observe "a kind of star" which grows slowly during 2 to 3 minutes. And it gets bigger, getting closer so that it arrives at the vertical of the ship at an altitude between 50 and 100 meters. What seemed to be a star in the distance is actually a cigar about 100 meters long and bigger than the boat (about 70 m). Mr S. is scared. He does not "want to be alone" and goes down to alert the forty passengers. They will also be able to observe the phenomenon.

Given the date of the events, it has not been possible for us to find passengers. The cigar is "a huge craft like in the movies" very bright and of pale white-blue color like neon lights. The phenomenon is stationary and close. It lasts between 10 minutes and 15 minutes, however, as Mr. P. says, "even with a camera, we would not have thought of taking pictures." In addition, this very impressive phenomenon emits a beam sweeping the whole sky. Following this beam with parallel edges, a squadron of 7 or 8 smaller craft penetrate (we do not know how) inside the luminous cigar. The cigar becomes transparent and disappears on the spot to the surprise of the witnesses.

[Ref. wu1:] "WATERUFO.NET":

01-??-1983~4

"1983, ROHRSCHOLLEN:

At Rohrschollen, on the Rhine, near Neuhof, 3km South-South-East of Strasbourg, in January 1983 or 1984 at about 00h40, the witnesses (Mr. P. and Mr. K remained anonymous) are on board a boat of a cruising company. The boat was going to make an unexpected meeting.

Customers dine quietly on board. Mr P., member of the crew, and Commandant K are on the bridge. They look at the starry night which shows through a snowy sky. At about midnight, at the steering wheel, they observe "a kind of star" which slowly grows bigger during 2 to 3 minutes. It continues to grow bigger, approaching so close that it arrived at the vertical of the ship at an altitude ranging between 50 and 100 meters. What seemed a star when it was far away is actually a cigar shape of approximately 100 meters length and larger than the boat (approximately 70 m). Mr. S gets very anxious. He does not want "to be alone" and goes down into the ship to alert the forty passengers. They will also observe the phenomenon.

Because the date of event is not precise and it happened quite a long time ago, it has not been possible so far for investigators to find the boat's passengers. The cigar was described as "an enormous machine as in the movies" and of white-blue pastel colors like neon lights. The phenomenon remained stationary and very close to the ship. It lasted between 10 minutes and 1/4 of hour, however like Mr. P said, "even if we had a camera, we would not have had the idea to take pictures." Moreover, this very impressive phenomenon emitted a headlight sweeping the whole sky. Following this paralleled shaped beam, a flotilla of 7 or 8 smaller machines penetrated (it is not known how) inside the luminous cigar. The cigar became transparent and disappeared instantly to the great amazement of the witnesses."

(Source: http://ufologie.net/indexe.htm)

This reference: USO-reports from Germany by Ulrich Magin published in JUFOF (Journal für UFO-Forschung [Journal for UFO Research] published by GEP, Lüenscheid) dated May 2006.

With thanks to Mr. Magin for forwarding me a copy, and permission for use on my website (E-mail dated Feb. 28, 2007)

UFOCAT PRN – NONE

Europe – France, Alsace

Rohrschollen All I could find, and that was through “Google”, was that it is an island in the Rhine River, Ile du Rohrschollen, and no coordinates.-CF-

Neuhof Latitude 48-31-60 N, Longitude 07-46-00 E (D-M-S)

Reference: http://www.fallingrain.com/world/

Strasbourg Latitude 48-35-00 N, Longitude 07-45-00 E (D-M-S)

Reference: http://gnswww.nga.mil/geonames/GNS/index.jsp

[Ref. sp4:] "SPICA" UFOLOGY ASSOCIATION:

City Date and hour of observation General shape
Identification
General color
Hypothesis
Conclusion
RORHSCHOLLEN [sic] Years 1980 at 00h40 elongated (cigar)
Unidentified
white
None
Unsolved -lack of info

Discussion:

Ludovic Le Bihan, drawing teacher, was a field ufologist, participating in the investigations of the magazine Lumières Dans La Nuit. He will later be a member of "ONDES", an association of investigation of the paranormal and the UFO phenomon. He is the primary source for this case.

His report appeared in the ufology magazine Lumières Dans La Nuit, and the text was communicated to me in the years 2002-2005 - unfortunately without the illustrations, and without the indication of the date of publication.

WaterUFO gives (the old) address of my website as a source; the fact is that around 2005, I had summarized the case in one of my web pages about UFO reports in my area - which pages are now replaced by the more in-depth pages of this ALSACAT catalog.

The location:

The arm of the Rhine where the ship makes its U-turn is certainly towards the green dot. The width of the Rhine here is 150 meters.

On the left of the yellow line, France, on the right of the yellow line, Germany. The Rhine divides there in two arms surrounding the island of Rohrschollen, for about 6 kilometers.

The French shore further north is occupied by buildings. But there is no home, only industrial facilities. There are some houses 1.3 km from the observation place to the southeast, but behind curtains of trees. The German village of Goldscheuer is 2.5 km to the east of the observation place, also behind tree curtains.

Below, a view of the ground from the red dot noted on the map and towards the place of observation. I notice the presence of a high embankment that does not allow to see the Rhine, unless one climbs the slope by foot:

Below: 1 km south of the observation point, on the banks of the Rhine, from the road on the French side, the view is clear towards the observation spot on the Rhine. Motorists there would have seen the phenomenon, but this road is very little used.

The island of Rohrschollen appears today (years 2010-2018) occasionally in documentaries about my region, as a place of biodiversity, a place of still preserved nature, to cross by samll boat (there is a small channel across the island).

The lack of hundreds of witnesses

In my opinion, there was just no soul around that night!

There is no home nearby, only professional facilities probably largely unoccupied by night, an "EDF" road without real attendance. In my opinion, the chances that no one had his eyes turned towards the place of observation during the quarter of an hour of its duration are far from being null.

The boat

The Alsace Croisières company was created in 1976 by Gerard Schmitter (rip 1982). His first boat was precisely "Alsace 1", commissioned in 1982. It was a boat without cabins of thirty meters in length. Patrick Schmitter is a son of Gerard Schmitter, who will be with other children of Gérard Schmitter a leader of the company who has since changed its name and extended its river cruises activities to all over Europe.

The UFO:

I do not see what "natural phenomenon" or "optical illusion" could reasonably be invoked as a trivial explanation of this incident. No known earthly-buit aircraft is closely or remotely similar to this UFO, not even 30 years later. No flying machine of terrestrial origin would perform the described demonstration, with its horizontal ribbons, its "squadrons" etc.

In passing ...

I often heard that "UFO stories" are meager anecdotes of little importance and with little content; which would be "enriched" with the passage of time. Ufologists and / or witnesses are accused of "adding" stuff to them, copies of copies or reports would result in spectacular stories when the original story would have nothing spectacular...

I have here (and elsewhere others obviously) a nice example of the opposite. From source to source, instead of getting richer, the story passes from 1756 words and several illustrations with the original report by Ludovic le Bihan, to 344 words (5 times less) with the summary of "ONDES", and virtually nothing with the SPICA observation list, that says there is a "lack of information". QED!

Evaluation:

Probable extraterrestrial craft.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editeur: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross July 27, 2018 Creation, [ld1], [on1], [on2], [wu1], [sp4].
1.0 Patrick Gross July 27, 2018 First published.

Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict



 Feedback  |  Top  |  Back  |  Forward  |  Map  |  List |  Home
This page was last updated on July 27, 2018.