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ACUFO:

ACUFO is my comprehensive catalog of cases of encounters between aircraft and UFOs, whether they are “explained” or “unexplained”.

The ACUFO catalog is made of case files with a case number, summary, quantitative information (date, location, number of witnesses...), classifications, all sources mentioning the case with their references, a discussion of the case in order to evaluate its causes, and a history of the changes made to the file.

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Worms, Germany, on December 26 or 27, 1944:

Case number:

ACUFO-1944-12-26-WORMS-1

Summary:

Fred B. Ringwald was the Intelligence officer of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron. He had been himself a witness of the mysterious “foo fighters” when the Squadron operated intrusion missions over the Rhine Valley in 1944. He interviewed other witnesses, and told of a number of such reports in a summary Intelligence Report to A-2, XII Tactical Air Command, U.S. Army Air Forces, on January 23, 1945.

In this document, he indicated that on the night of December 26 to 27, 1944, there was a sighting of a light at the same altitude of a night fighter plane in vicinity of Worms, Germany. The light was seen coming to within 100 feet; the pilot peeled off and took evasive action but the light continued to follow for 5 minutes. In the end, the light then pulled up rapidly and went out of sight.

Data:

Temporal data:

Date: December 26 or 27, 1944
Time: Probable night.
Duration: 5 minutes.
First known report date: January 23, 1945
Reporting delay: Hours, 1 month.

Geographical data:

Country: Germany
State/Department: Rheinland-Palatinate
City or place: Worms

Witnesses data:

Number of alleged witnesses: 1 or 2
Number of known witnesses: 1 or 2
Number of named witnesses: 0

Ufology data:

Reporting channel: Report of the units' intelligence officer.
Visibility conditions: Probable night.
UFO observed: Yes.
UFO arrival observed: ?
UFO departure observed: Yes.
UFO action: Approaches, follows maneuvers.
Witnesses action: Evasive action.
Photographs: No.
Sketch(s) by witness(es): No.
Sketch(es) approved by witness(es): No.
Witness(es) feelings: Puzzled.
Witnesses interpretation: ?

Classifications:

Sensors: [X] Visual: 1 or 2.
[ ] Airborne radar: Not reported.
[ ] Directional ground radar: Not reported.
[ ] Height finder ground radar:
[ ] Photo:
[ ] Film/video:
[ ] EM Effects:
[ ] Failures:
[ ] Damages:
Hynek: NL
Armed / unarmed: Armed, four 20 mm cannons and six 7,62 mm machines guns.
Reliability 1-3: 3
Strangeness 1-3: 3
ACUFO: Possible extraterrestrial craft.

Sources:

[Ref. rwd1:] FRED B. RINGWALD, INTELLIGENCE, U.S. ARMY AIR FORCES:

Note: the document that follows was retrieved by Jan Aldrich's historical ufology effort Project 1947, at www.project1947.com/fig/1945a.htm
Only the header, the footer and the part related to the case documented in this file are shown.
Only other cases are removed, as they are shown in their own case file in this catalog.

Scan.

S E C R E T

1st W/Ind

D-W-2

HEADQUARTERS XII TACTICAL AIR COMMAND, APO #374, U.S. Army, 23 January 1945.

TO: S-2, 415 Night Fighter Squadron.

Forwarded for compliance with paragraph 2 of 1st Ind.

[Signature]

LEAVITT CORNING, JR,.
Lt. Colonel, G.S.C,.
A/C of S, A-2.

2nd W/Ind

415th. NIGHT FIGHTER SQUADRON, APO #374, U. S. Army, 30 January 1945.

TO: AC of S A-2. XII Tactical Air Command, APO 374, U. S. Army.

1. In compliance with paragraph 2 of Ist. Ind., the following extracts from the Sortie reports of various pilots who have encountered the Night Phenomenon are submitted for your information.

[... other cases...]

Scan.

[... other cases...]

Night of 26-27 December 1944 - “Observed light at same altitude while in vicinity of Worms. Observer saw light come within 100. Peeled off and took evasive action but light continued to follow for 5 minutes. Light then pulled up rapidly and went out of sight.”

[... other cases...]

Scan.

2. In every case where pilot called GCI Control and asked if there was a Bogey A/C in the area he received a negative answer.

[Signature.]

F. B. Ringwald
Captain, A.C.
Intelligence Officer

* Foofighters is the name given these phenomenon by combat crews of this Squadron.

S E C R E T

[Ref. dwn2:] DOMINIQUE WEINSTEIN:

Scan.

Case 72

December 26-27, 1944

Vicinity of Worms, Germany

At night, the crew of a Beaufighter from the USAAF 415th Night Fighter Squadron observed one light at the same altitude. Then they saw lights coming within 100 feet. The pilot peeled off and took an evasive action but the light continued to follow the aircraft for five minutes. The light then “pulled up rapidly and went out of sight”.

Sources: USAAF, Report from Captain F.B. Ringwald, Intelligence Officer, 415th Night Fighter Squadron, To AIC ofS,A-2 XII Tactical Air Command, January 30, 1945, NARA/ Strange Company, Keith Chester, 2007

[Ref. sua1:] WEBSITE "SATUDAY NIGHT UFORIA":

...come December, 1944 members of the 415th would be making multiple reports, as recorded in a January 30, 1945 report to Tactical Air Command by intelligence officer Fred Ringwald...

Night of 26-27 December 1944 - “Observed light at same altitude while in vicinity of Worms. Observer saw light come within 100 ft. Peeled off and took evasive action but light but light continued to follow for 5 minutes. Light then pulled up rapidly and went out of sight.”

Aircraft information:

The Bristol Type 156 “Beaufighter“, nicknamed “Beau”, was a British multi-role aircraft developed during WWI. It was originally conceived as a heavy fighter variant of the Bristol Beaufort torpedo bomber; it proved to be an effective night fighter, which came into service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Battle of Britain.

Originally, armament consisted of four 20mm cannons and six 0.303-in machine-guns but many variants were built; for example, versions had the ability to additionally carry eight rocket projectiles, some had a Vickers 'K' gun, Beaufighter TF.Mk X was used for anti-shipping operations.

The Beaufighter Mk VIF was fitted with the Mark VIII radar.

Below: Beaufighter Mk VIF of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron.

Beaufighter VIF 415th NFS.

The Beaufighters served with the US Army Air Force until the end of the war, but most were replaced by the P-61 “Black Widow” beginning on March 20, 1945.

Discussion:

Map.

Fred Ringwald's report was specifically devoted to phenomena considered to be so-called “Foo-fighters”, it was not a report on military operations in general.

We will note an approach of the light towards the plane at a distance said to be less than 33 meters; which makes it unlikely that it was an ordinary light on an enemy aircraft.

This light follows the evasive maneuvers of the plane, it is there for 5 minutes, and it has no hostile action against the plane.

Evaluation:

Possible extraterrestrial craft.

Sources references:

* = Source is available to me.
? = Source I am told about but could not get so far. Help needed.

File history:

Authoring:

Main author: Patrick Gross
Contributors: None
Reviewers: None
Editor: Patrick Gross

Changes history:

Version: Create/changed by: Date: Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross January 18, 2024 Creation, [rwd1], [dwn2], [sua1].
1.0 Patrick Gross January 18, 2024 First published.

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This page was last updated on January 18, 2024.