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The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this website is here.

October 3, 1954, Marcq-en-Baroeul, Nord:

Reference number for this case: 3-Oct-54-Marcq-en-Baroeul. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.


Around 2017, "skeptical" ufologist Dominique Caudron, based in the Nord, cataloged sightings in the Nord region for October 3, 1954, neglected by ufologists, including many that were previously unpublished, and mostly explainable by a red moon whose appearance was altered by clouds.

One of these observations was reported in the regional newspaper Nord Eclair for October 6, 1954, on page 10:

At 8 p.m., in Marcq-en-Baroeul, Department of the Nord, Mr. Lucien Lemaire and several people saw, seeming to come from the Citadel, a round object emitting orange glows. A second disc detached from the first, lit up, and resumed its place.

Dominique Caudron noted that the object was in the same direction than the Moon, and showed the same appearance than the Moon that night.

In 1979, ufologists Michel Figuet and Jean-Louis Ruchon had already dealt with the series of misinterpretations caused by the Moon in the Nord region of France that October 3, 1954. They mentioned Marcq-en-Baroeul as one of the cases, and said they had learned via Mr. Bonte, I.D.N. engineer, that on that night the Moon was barred by a stratus, and thus those observations were observations of the Moon barred by a stratus.



Dominique Caudron drew up an inventory of observations in the Nord on October 3, 1954, containing 51 reports, including this one:

The Fabulous day of October 3, 1954


Chronology of the observations of October 3.

We give here only a summary of what was published in the press of the time, for the Nord region, regardless of what the ufologists could later say. We have numbered all these observations, the first of which have nothing to do with the setting of the moon, in order to be able to study them globally in a table. Some are already the subject of a special file.

[... other cases...]

11) 8 p.m., MARCO-EN-BAROEUL [sic] (59)

- Mr Lucien Lemaire and several people saw, seeming to come from the Citadelle, an object of round shape emitting orange gleams. A second disc detached from the first, lit, and took back its position.

(Nord Eclair 6/10 page 10.)

[... other cases...]

All this is only a compilation of the information given by all newspapers of the time, including local editions, and of which ufologists only used a part.

We will see that the analysis of this information makes it possible to eliminate the hypothesis of a flying saucer, in favor of those of multiple observations of the moon, whose image was reddened and deformed by clouds, which also gave it a illusory apparent movement.


Analysis of the observations of October 3, 1954

[... other cases...]

11) 8 p.m., MARCO-EN-BAROEUL [sic] (59)

Same direction than the moon, same apparent behavior than the moon that night.

[... other cases...]


Probable moon.


(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Marcq-en-Baroeul, Nord, Lucien Lemaire, round, object, disc, split, orange, gleam, merge, multiple


[----] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
1.0 Patrick Gross June 6, 2019 First published.

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This page was last updated on June 6, 2019.