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The 1954 French flap:

The index page for the 1954 French flap section of this website is here.

October 22, 1954, Lewarde, Pas-de-Calais:

Reference number for this case: 14-oct-54-Lewarde. Thank you for including this reference number in any correspondence with me regarding this case.

Summary:

Ufologically, the case made its entry in the 1963 book "Les Apparitions de Martiens" by writer Louis Couturier, published under the pseudonym "Michel Carrouges". Trying to "categorize" the occupants of flying saucers, he briefly noted among the cases of "hairy pilots", "Stawsky, in Lewarde (Nord), 27 Oct. 1954".

He indicated for this case, that the hour is not known, that the witness said that the being was 1 meter tall, with "slanted and globular" eyes according to Paris-Presse for October 29, 1954; that the witness did not see any saucer, and that nothing establishes a connection with the question of the "mysterious flying objects".

Then in 1964, the French ufologist Jacques Vallée published in the British Flying Saucer Review an article on "entities" associated with close observation reports of "flying saucers", also trying to "sort out" the cases. He recounted it as follows: the witness was about to enter the forest of Erchin or Bois d'Erchin about 700 meters northwest of Erchin, when he suddenly saw at 4 meters from him a being "3 feet 6 inches" tall (1m03) with a large head, wearing a brown cap forming a net a few centimeters above its protruding eyes which had a very small iris and were slanted. Long hair fell from under the skull to his shoulders, his nose was flat and his lips were thick and red.

Vallée did not specify his source, but commented that the Erchin entity is, in the collection that it presents, "the only creature which recalls science fiction" (!?), but that one cannot dismiss the case because, he said, the observations by this type of entity "are comparatively numerous and very consistent", and "some of the witness accounts are extremely good."

He explains that if such a being exists, we can understand that its sudden appearance at a turn can leave witnesses with an impression that is difficult to forget.

Vallée, in fact, did not think that the "entities" and "saucers" were extraterrestrials; he tried to show that although "real", these apparitions were revealing a phenomenon identical to that of the past apparitions of elves, gnomes, fairies, leprechaun, apparitions which he did not consider as imaginary but resulting from the action of "something" that interfered with our "normal" world - an idea already proponent by the rather wacky American journalist John Keel.

Vallée made no attempt to verify the story he was giving, any more than the others he mentioned, expressing just "usual caution".

And it turns out that in a sequel to his article now titled "The 'Entities': Facts and Legends"; which appeared in the next issue of the Flying Saucer Review, he now said that after "clarification and improvement" of his file, the creature of "Erchin" should be viewed "with renewed caution."

Yet in 1965, he told almost the same story in his book "Anatomy of a Phenomenon". This time he claimed to cite the case "only for its picturesque side", and that although there is no flying "machine" in this case, it very much resembles a small number of other cases in which the "machine" is present.

Despite the lack of a UFO in the case, he would include the case in his famous catalog of "UFO landings" in 1969, 1972, 1974; the catalog is preceded by the usual "warning", but the vague negative opinion which he carried in 1964 specifically on this case was gone. The case became:

October 14, 1954, 3:30 p.m., Lewarde (France): In the wood of Erchin (or "in Bois d'Erchin" depending on the version), a miner, Mr. Casimir Starovski, encountered a strange being, short, with a voluminous figure, large slanting eyes and a body covered with fur.

And the source he gave, "Anatomy 143" was his own 1965 book... which did not specify any source.

As usual, this summary in the Vallée catalog will be copied many times by other authors, in ufology books, ufology magazines, and even later on the Web, as you can see in my file, without any "added value", without any research, and without any precaution. The "source", when a srouce was given, obviously became: "Vallée Catalogue."

This is so in INFO-OVNI of April 1975, the catalog "Intcat" of the British Peter Rogerson of 1976. An exception would appear first in the catalog catalog by Jader U. Pereira published in the ufology magazine Phénomènes Spatiau of the GEPA in 1974: Pereira rejects the case: "not admitted" in his catalog, because of the "possibility of error on the part of the witness".

Things will start to become clearer when GNEOVNI, a ufology group from the region where the incident is said to have taken place, published their regional catalog in their bulletin Recherches Ufologiques #2 of the 3 rd quarter of 1977.

The case presented as "very well-known but very strange" is described there, GNEOVNI indicates, according to Press sources of the time compiled by Dominique Caudron: La Voix du Nord Douai's edition, Nord Matin's Douai, La Croix du Nord, and Nord-Eclair, all for October 27, 1954.

It occurred on Friday, October 22, 1954 (and therefore neither on the 14th nor the 27th) around 5.30 p.m., as Casimir Stanski (and therefore neither "Starovsky nor" Stawsky ", a miner, was picking chestnuts in Lewarde's wood, 120 m from the edge and 388m from the road from Roucourt to Erchin. He heard "the sound of broken branches; he then saw in the middle of a thicket two tubes shining like nickel."

He "first thought of the guns of the gamekeeper and thought of hiding; then thinking that he was doing nothing wrong he approached to distinguish a fawn mane and then a humanoid being about one meter tall and bulky, it was completely covered with hair that also covered the feet, as if it had brown fur. The eyes were oval, the white coming out considerably from the sockets. The nose appeared to be crushed at the base, like that of a boxer. He had a kind of cap on his head with a bead around the forehead from which escaped very long hairs. He did not seem to have fingers and his shiny and closed hands held two metal rods of 30 cm. He approached the witness without speaking. The frightened witness fled at full speed."

Then in the ufology magazine Lumières Dans La Nuit #169, for November 1977, Dominique Caudron published this information, but with the witness name "Stawski" again, and the source La Croix du Nord on page 4 but now dated October 24, 1954.

But the GNEOVNI apparently did not read their own bulletin, since in a new catalog published in their #5 issue for the 2nd quarter of 1978, we get the "Carrouges" version, very summarized and even altered: "10/27/54 LEWARDE - Mr Stawsky sees small hairy beings with slanted eyes, globular but he did not see any object."

It was then the "skeptical" ufologists Gérard Barthel and Jacques Brucker who enter the game with their 1979 book "La Grande Peur Martienne". They indicate there that the newspaper "La Croix Nord" for October 24, 1954, reported that Mr. Casimir S., a Polish miner, had the mishap of encountering "one of our hairy brothers from outer space", and that it spoke to him in a Chinese-like language, and "from that day on, Casimir S. became a billiard champion." A version quite different from the previous ones! They had simply mixed the cases of Lewarde and of Ecaillon...

Things got betterin the GNEOVNI bulletin #7 of the 1st quarter of 1979, in the form of an article by Philippe Finet. The witness was Casimir Stanski, the date was October 22, 1954, the events described are those given by Dominique Caudron. But there had been a mixture with the case of Ecaillon, since the witnesses are in both cases miners of Polish origin both with the firsname: Casimir!

But above all, there was news on the case of Lewarde: having read the two summaries published in the bulletin #2 and #5 of GNEOVNI, a reader of the Marchienne refion, Mr. F. Boulogne, sent to the Secretariat of GNEOVNI a letter revealing that at the time, Mr. Boulogne frequented the region of Sin-le-Noble and Dechy where Casimir Stanski was honorably known. At the same time, "lived in the wood of Lewarde, in a shack, one of these bizarre characters, half-wacky, half-philosophers, who are the prerogative of almost all the villages of France."

This odball character was called "Capote"; he dressed very strangely "and his coquetry was quite surprising and implausible for a human", and "he probably did not disdain substantial poaching."

And this strange character, speaking of the affair in a cafe, declared: "I don't understand why he [witness Mr. Stanski] was afraid of me!" Which makes the whole Lewarde affair a misinterpretation.

But if we except the correct versions of Jean-Pierre D'Hondt, from the Groupement Nordiste d'Etudes des Observations Visuelles Non Identifiées, on the Web around 2006, that of Julien Gonzalez in his 2014 book, and the very detailed reminders of the case by Dominique Caudron on his website in the years 2017-2019, we continue to read Vallée's version, without explanation, everywhere..

Reports:

[Ref. ner1:] "NORD ECLAIR" NEWSPAPER:

Scan

SHOULD IT BE LAUGHED OFF?

A "MARTIAN"
(WITHOUT SAUCER)
WENT DOWN FROM
NICKEL CUBES

In the wood of Lewarde, Mr. Casimir Stawski, 33, put the gendarmes of the Douais region in search of a Martian. This miner was picking chestnuts when he saw, he said, sticking out of a thicket two cubes shining like nickel. Having approached he found himself in the presence of an extraordinary being whom he described as follows:

He was over a meter tall, with a heavy build, his eyes were slimy. The head was surmounted by a sort of brightly colored mane which descended on the shoulders. The body was covered with hair to the feet. He wore bulges above the eyebrows, his hands were closed and shiny and seemed to have no fingers.

Mr. Stawski did not initiate a conversation with the character.

He panicked and fled at full speed.

After alerting the secretary of the town hall, he warned the gendarmes who spent the night patrolling the woods, but only discovered a few game animals. It should be added that they give little credit to Stawski's words.

[Ref. cdn1:] NEWSPAPER "LA CROIX DU NORD":

Scan

Casimir (Nr 2) saw Martians
without saucer in Lewarde

They have globular eyes, a
fawn mane and no fingers

All Lewarde's moms said to their kids yesterday:

- You will no longer go to the woods!

It is not the big bad wolf that they fear, but the wood, today, knows very curious frequentations.

Let us judge.

A good miner, Casimir Stawski, 33, from the Cité du Niveau, went there Monday afternoon to stock up on mushrooms.

Why did he get scared and run away at the speed of a running champion?

We will soon find out by listening to his story, but let's say straight away that he jumped at the secretary of the town hall, who alerted the gendarmes, gendarmes who went to Lewarde wood, a night that would have been much more beneficial to them, head on a soft pillow.

But let's listen to Mr. Stawski:

- "I was in the woods, I saw two shiny tubes, I first thought that they were the barrels of the rifle of the gamekeeper.

"But I soon realized that these tubes were in the hands, and in the hands of which individual?

"He was a creature of a little over a meter. His build was strong. His head, with slender, globular eyes protruding from the orbits, was surmounted by a sort of fawn-colored mane which descended on his shoulders. The body to the feet, was entirely covered with hair. It wore a bead above the eyebrows. The hands were shiny and closed, without fingers."

After this description we understand why the mothers of Lewarde prohibited their children from going to the woods.

Mr. Stawski will not go there either and the gendarmes wish to return there as little as possible.

[Ref. nmn1:] JOURNAL "NORD-MATIN":

Scan

A MINER SEES
IN LEWARDE
(NEAR DOUAI)
a fantastic being, hairy,
with strange eyes...

The gendarmerie ensuring the service of the town of Lewarde (near Douai), received the testimony of a mine worker, Mr. Casimir Stawski, 33 years old, residint cité du Niveau, alley 31, in Sin-le-Noble. He said:

"Last Friday around 3.30 p.m., I was in the wood of Lewarde to look for chestnuts that abound there. I was bent down picking some up when suddenly I heard a sound of broken branches at a few meters from me. I straightened up and to my amazement I saw at 10 meters, a kind of human being of small size - 1 meter to 1.10 m. approximately -, but of strong corpulence. This being saw me and came towards me which allowed me to admire him admirably well. He was completely covered with hair as if he had brown fur. His eyes were oval and the white came out considerably from the sockets, the nose seemed crushed at the base like that of a boxer. He had a sort of cap on his head with a bead around the forehead, from which escaped very long hairs, which gave him the appearance of having a mane. He did not seem to have fingers but full hands in which he held two shiny iron rods of about 30 centimeters. He had no shoes but his feet covered with hair. He did not speak to me and terrified, I ran away at full speed towards Bugnicourt."

A farmer did see Mr. Stawski running around looking frightened.

There is no circus in the region which excludes the possibility of an escaped fawn. Mr. Stawski enjoys general consideration. He is formal in his statements, assuring that he was not the victim of a hallucination.

[Ref. dse1:] "DOUAI SCARPE" NEWSPAPER:

Scan

The gossip lady
has a good ear

The Martian was just a tramp

A big fuss was made around the appearance of a Martian in the wood of Lewarde. This phenomenon has its... down to earth explanation.

The Martian was just a tramp, well known in the region, as far as Waziers.

The spooky creature that scared Mr. Casimir, the chestnut picker, was hairy because he would have lost his razor in prison.

Another saucer... broken.

[Ref. mcs1:] "MICHEL CARROUGES":

Louis Couturier, under the pseudonym "Michel Carrouges", trying to "sort out" the question of the occupants of flying saucers, briefly notes among the cases of "hairy" pilots, "Stawsky, in Lewarde (Nord), Oct. 27, 1954".

He indicates that the hour is unknown, that the witness said that the being was one-meter-tall, had "slanted and globular" eyes according to Paris-Presse for October 29, 1954; that the witness did not see any saucer, and that nothing establishes a connection with the question of the "mysterious flying objects."

[Note: I was able to read Paris-Presse for October 29, 1954, and nothing was published in it about this case. Michel Carrouges likely mixed up newspapers.]

[Ref. jve5:] JACQUES VALLEE:

The Erchin entity is, of this series, the only creature reminiscent of Science-Fiction. We cannot reject it, however, for the sightings of this type of entity are comparatively numerous and are very coherent, and some of the eyewitness accounts are extremely good. If such a being exists, it can be well understood that his sudden aooearance round a bend in the road could leave on witnesses an impression difficult to forget. The best description that we have of this entity is given by the miner Sarovski (aged 33):

The witness was just about to enter the Erchin forest (Bois d'Erchin), which lies some 700 metres N.W. of Erchin itself, when he suddenly beheld, at distance of 4 metres from himself a being 3ft. 6in, in height, with a large head, wearing a brown skull-cap forming a fillet a few inches or so above the eyes. The eyes were protruding, with a very small iris, and were slit. Long hair fell down from under the skull-cap on to the shoulders. The nose was flat, and the lips were thick and red.

[Ref. jve6:] JACQUES VALLEE:

Jacques Vallée said that after a clarification and improvement of his UFO file, the "Erchin" creature should be considered with renewed caution.

[Ref. jve8:] JACQUES VALLEE:

The best description of a "hairy dwarf," cited here only for its picturesque character, was made by Starovski in Erchin. It is frightfully specific. The witness, a miner, was allegedly confronted with a midget, three feet, six inches tall, with a large head, wearing a brown skull-cap forming a fillet a few inches or so above the eyes. These were protruding, with a small iris, and were slit. Long hair fell down from under the sl..'Ullcap onto the shoulders. The nose was flat, and the lips thick and red. A strange detail; the witness did not describe any UFO. But his story happens to be typical of a small category of reports, in which similar "entities" are described close to their "machines."

[Ref. jve4:] JACQUES VALLEE:

252) October 14, 1954, 03:30 p.m., Lewarde (France):

In the wood of Erchin, a miner, Mr. Casimir Starovski, met a strange, small-sized person, who had a voluminous figure, large oblique eyes, and a fur-covered body. (Anatomy 143).

The catalog from which this entry comes is preceded by this warning, in a previous issue, by Jacques Vallée:

We do not believe that we have to apologize for the inclusion of testimonies which may justifiably appear incredible or grotesque. We do not claim that there exists in this Catalog a single observation of a physical event of an unknown nature.

We are not publishing a table of experimental results obtained in the laboratory, but only a general guide to facilitate the study of the abundant literature which has accumulated on an astonishing topic.

It would therefore be dishonest and a serious misunderstanding of our design, to treat all the cases of this catalog as if they had the same level of validity, or to affirm that the presence of this or that particular case reinforces or destroys by itself the degree of confidence that one can place in another case. WE CANNOT ACCEPT LIABILITY FOR ERRORS FROM THOSE WHO IGNORE THIS WARNING.

[Ref. jve1:] JACQUES VALLEE:

252

Oct. 14, 1954

1815

Lewarde (France). In Erchin Wood, Casimir Starovski, a miner, met a strange being of small height and bulky figure with large slanted eyes. Its body was covered with fur. (Anatomy 143; Magonia)

[Ref. jve7:] JACQUES VALLEE:

The author indicates that on October 14, 1954, in Lewarde in the Nord, in the wood of Erchin, a miner met a strange being of small size and massive body, with broad slanted eyes, the covered body of fur. No apparatus was described.

[Ref. jve2:] JACQUES VALLEE:

252) October 14, 1954, 03:30 p.m., Lewarde (France):

In Erchin Wood, a miner, Casimir Starovski, met a strange being of small height and bulky figure with large slanted eyes. Its body was covered with fur. (Anatomy 143)

[Ref. jve3:] JACQUES VALLEE:

October 14, 1954, 03:30 p.m. Lewarde (France):

In the wood of Erchin, a miner, Casimir Starovski, met a strange, small-sized being, who had a voluminous silhouette, large oblique eyes and fur-covered body (Anatomy 143).

[Ref. gqf1:] GENEVIEVE VANQUELEF:

317 R) October 27, 1954, LEWARDE (Nord - France).

Aer sighted small hairy beings with slanted eyes, bulging (Carrouges: "Les apparitions de Martiens).

[Ref. jpa1:] JADER U. PEREIRA:

Jader U. Pereira noted the case as "rejected" in his CE3 catalogue, due to the "possibility of error from the witness":

[Ref. ioi1:] "INFO-OVNI" UFOLOGY MAGAZINE:

10/14/1954 Lewarde (Nord)

Around 03:30p.m., Mr. Casimir Starowski crossed in the woods of Erchin a small strange being with big oblique eyes and body covered with hair (Passport to Magonia).

[Ref. prn1:] PETER ROGERSON - "INTCAT":

427 14 October 1954 1530 hrs

LEWARDE (FRANCE) A miner, Casimir Starovski (33) vas about to enter Erchin Forest which lies 700m NW of Erchin itself, when he sav 4m away a being about 1.2m tall. The dwarf had a large head, vith protruding slit eyes vith a very small iris. The nose was flat and the lips thick and red. The being was wearing a skullcap, from under which long hair fell down to the shoulders. The body was bulky and covered in fur. Before the witness could think of stopping it, the creature had vanished. (M252; Anatomy, 153; Magonia, 18; FSR 10,1; Carrouges S, 252)

[Ref. gni1:] GNEOVNI:

Scan

A VERY WELL-KNOWN BUT QUITE STRANGE CASE: THE HUMANOID (?) OF LEWARDE

Friday October 22, 1954 around 3:30 p.m. Casimir STANSKI, a miner, was picking chestnuts in the wood of Lewarde, 120 m from the forest edge and 388m from the road from Roucourt to Erchin, when he heard the sound of broken branches; he then saw in the middle of a thicket two tubes shining like nickel. First he thought to the rifles of the gamekeeper and thought of hiding; then thinking that he was doing nothing wrong he approached to distinguish a fawn mane then a humanoid being from one meter to one meter ten approximately and of strong build. He was completely covered with hair which also covered the feet, as if he had a brown fur. The eyes were oval, the white coming out considerably from the sockets. The nose seemed crushed at the base like that of a boxer. He had a sort of cap on his head with a bead around the forehead from which escaped very long hairs. He did not seem to have fingers and his shiny, closed hands held two metal rods of about 30cm. He approached the witness without speaking. The latter was frightened one runs away with all his legs.

(Acording to "LA VOIX DU NORD" Douai issue
"NORD MATIN" Douai issue
"LA CROIX DU NORD" and "NORD ECLAIR"
all for 10/27/1954)

The bulletin indicated that it was ufologist Dominique Caudron who found the Press article.

[Ref. dcn3:] DOMINIQUE CAUDRON:

On October 22, 1954, in the Lewarde Wood, Casimir Stawski, a miner of Polish origin, met a furry humanoid with bulging eyes, holding two tubes shiny like nickel in his clawed hands. It was around 3.30 p.m. But four hours later, a motorcyclist who was driving on the road to Douai, a few kilometers away, would have witnessed the landing of a machine from which humanoids had emerged, clearly less forbidding, who would have spoken to him in a language resembling Chinese. * * Not only is this witness also a miner of Polish origin, but his firstname is also Casimir.

* Vallée cites the case at the date of October 14
* * La Croix du Nord, October 24, 1954, page 4

[Ref. jve7:] JACQUES VALLEE:

Jacques Vallée indicates that on October 14, 1954, miner Starovski claimed to have met on a country road near Erchin in the North of France a strange being less than 4 feet tall, of bulky figure with large protruding slanted eyes with very small irises on a large head and a fur-covered body. The lips were thick and red, the nose was flat.

It wore a brown skullcap which formed a fillet a few inches above the eyes and had no respiratory device.

The witness saw no saucer. Before he could think of stopping the ceature, it had disappeared.

[Ref. gni2:] GNEOVNI:

Scan

10/27/1954 - LEWARDE 59 type I

Mr Stawsky sees small hairy beings with slim bulky eyes, but he saw no object.

(Les Apparitions de Martiens Carrouges page 107)

[Ref. bbr1:] GERARD BARTHEL AND JACQUES BRUCKER:

The two authors state that the newspaper "La Croix du Nord" for October 24, 1954 reports that Mr. Casimir S., a Polish miner, had the mishap to meet "one of our hairy brothers coming from outer space", and that it spoke to him in a language resembling Chinese, and from that day on, Casimir S. became a pool champion.

[Ref. pft1:] PHILIPPE FINET:

THE ANTI-LEGEND OR THE "CASIMIR" CASES

In Bulletin n° 6 of "Recherches Ufologiques", we saw together, at least I hope so, the birth of a legend in the Middle Ages. Birth engendered by a real physical fact and, a priori, inexplicable, even in our time, which immediately classified it in the incredible, the impossible, the imaginary... In short, in the Legend.

Now, certain details, put in the light of Ufology, seemed to be strangely similar to details of contemporary observations.

But you will see that the Legend is not always a fictional account of the Past; and that in 1954, in the Nord, in Lewarde exactly, a modern legend, that is to say woven on a modern ideology, was born from two very distinct facts, both real, but having such an inflence one over the other, and for good reason! that for a long time they formed ONE and even made by their public interpretation, thus undergoing the collective subjectivity of the time.

And therefore, I believe that this legend, the legend of "the humanoid of Lewarde", can appear in this chronicle.

Here is first the first fact, as it was reported in the main regional newspapers, five days after the event:

"... Casimir STANSKI, a miner, was picking chestnuts in the wood of Lewarde,... when he heard the sound of broken branches; he then saw in the middle of the thickets two tubes shining like nickel. He thought first to the guns of the gamekeeper and thought to hide; then on thinking that he was doing nothing wrong, he approached to distinguish a fawn mane then a humanoid being from one meter to one meter ten approximately and of heavy build. He was completely covered with hair which also covered the feet as if he had brown fur. The eyes were oval, the white coming out considerably from the sockets. The nose seemed to be crushed at the base like that of a boxer. He had a sort of cap on his head with a bead around the forehead from which escaped very long hairs. He did not seem to have fingers and his shiny and closed hands held two metal rods of about thirty centimeters. He approched the witness without speaking. The latter, frightened, runs away at full speed."

... Brrr! We understand! This therefore happened on Friday, October 22, 1954, around 3:30 p.m. However, and still according to the newspapers, that same Friday, a few kilometers away, but about four hours later:

"... another miner, Casimir (hey yes!) SZYMURA was riding a motorcycle on the RN 43 when he saw in front of him a highly illuminated machine in the shape of a submarine. His motorbike suddenly stopped, and he was able to see inside the object four small occupants and the furniture. One of them went out, approached him and shook his hand. His head put on the shoulder of the witness, he spoke in a language resembling Chinese.

This lasted a few minutes; the witness was frightened and dazzled by the craft. The little being returned to the saucer which flew away at a dizzying pace. The witness later reports that the handshake of the "Martian" had electrified him and had given him a vigor and a fast mind such that he felt like another man: he proved in particular that he had become unbeatable at billiards."

I will ignore the last sentence, which smells journalists' humor in such cases. Although... Although!

But let's stick to the interpretation, which in 1954 made these two yet different cases one and the same fact which was translated to the public under the legend of "Lewarde's humanoid". Because, at the time, there was no doubt: a flying saucer had landed in the Lewarde wood, a Polish miner, Mr. Casimir X, who had come there on a motorcycle to collect mushrooms had been surprised by the Martians (Ah, these Martians!), who are small creatures covered with tawny hair, (not green, mind you!) and who speak Chinese but who have the power to breathe new life into Earthlings just by the laying on of hands. And then leave, like that, in their odd machine, at breakneck speed, join the interstellar spaces still untouched by Earthlings.

What a beautiful and magnificent legend! I imagine the little children and grand grandchildren of the two Casimirs listening at the fireside their good old poppy who lived in these beautiful 50's...

And some people joke about the "stories" of the Middle Ages??

Of course, to the relief of people of the time, we must admit that the trap was easy: one could confuse names because of the similarity of first names, similarity of profession and nationality; one could also mix places and hours. Yes, the trap was easy. Except for informed ufologists, like the archivists of GNEOVNI. Because if the first case was revealed a priori as a landing, I was going to write a "classic" landing, the case of Mr. STANSKI was quickly questioned but for lack of additional details, remaining pending and presenting a huge question mark that only overturn the legend.

BUT... Following the publication of the two cases in the "Catalog of Regional Observations" by Mr. Leborgne (Bulletin RU no 5) and in "By Snooping in the Archives" by Mr. Caudron (Bulletin RU No 2) a reader of Marchienne, Mr. F. Boulogne, sent to the Secretariat a letter which, if it brings nothing in the case of the landing of Mr. SZYMURA, closes the debate of the other case and... destroys the legend of Lewarde.

Mr. Boulogne reveals this to us: At the time, he frequented the Sin-le-Noble / Dechy region where Mr. STANSKI was honorably known. At the same time, lived in the wood of Lewarde, in a shack, one of these bizarre characters, half-wacky, half-philosophers, who are the prerogative of almost all the villages of France.

Lewarde's oddball was called "Capote". He dressed very strangely and his coquetry was quite surprising and implausible for a human. (Just refer to the description that Mr. STANSKI gave!) And undoubtedly he did not disdain substantial poaching.

And this strange character, speaking of the affair in a cafe, declared: "I don't understand why he was afraid of me!". Perhaps "Capote", not reading the newspapers much, did not know that around

he, and his fellows, UFOs led a merry sarrabande [sic] remaining in the anal [sic] of ufology as the "big wave of 1954"!

You see now, dear readers, how a legend is made and undone!

If the case of Casimir SZYMURA remains a reality, until proven otherwise, the case of Casimir STANSKI, ie the legend of the humanoid of Lewarde, has lost all its mystery.

And we thank Mr. F. BOULOGNE for his intervention and his participation.

It was a beautiful and magnificent legend as we love them here, isn't it...

Who said "shame!"

ph. F.

References:

La Voix du Nord Douai issue, 10/27/1954
NORD MATIN, Douai issue, 10/27/1954
NORD ECLAIR, Douai issue, 10/27/1954
LA CROIX DU NORD, 10/27,11/24 and 12/6 1954
Bulletin "Recherches Ufologiques" od the GNEOVNI nr 2 & 5.

[Ref. agd1:] ALAIN GAMARD:

October 22nd., 1954: night time (exact hour unnoted). Lewarde (Nord).

Witness: Casimir "S."

Refs: La Croix du Nord, 24.10.l954.

[Ref. fru1:] MICHEL FIGUET ET JEAN-LOUIS RUCHON:

These two ufologists recall the case, and indicate that the date is October 22, 1954, the witness is a miner, Casimir Stawski, the being was completely covered with hairs, had oval eyes, the white expanding considerably around the orbits, the nose crushed at the base. It had a sort of cap on the head with a pad around the face, from which from very long hairs escaped. It did not seem to have fingers and its glowing hands closely held two "metal stems" of 30 cm approximately. "Casimir Stawski [in fact, Starovski] heard a noise of broken branches: he then sees in the middle of a bush two brilliant tubes like nickel. He approaches and distinguishes then the fawn-coloured mane, then the humanoid which approaches without a word. Casimir flees at fill speed."

They add that Jacques Vallée has the name and the date wrong, and indicate as sources "La Voix du Nord" Douai issue for October 27, 1954, "Nord-Matin" Douai issue for October 27, 1954, "Nord-Eclair" for October 27, 1954 and the GNEOVNI bulletin N.2.

[Ref. mft1:] MICHEL FIGUET - FRANCAT:

This ufologist noted:

CASE Nr CLASSIFICATION DATE HOUR PLACE ZIP CODE CREDIBILITY SOURCE
249 CE3 22 10 1954 15.30 Bois de Lewarde 59287 E4 E, T Casimir Stans

[Ref. cnu1:] "CNEGU" UFOLOGY GROUP:

The Francat explained cases:

10/22/54: Wood of Lewarde

[Ref. cnu2:] "CNEGU" UFOLOGY GROUP:

9-2: A.GAMARD is looking for a copy of the article: case of Lewarde and Ecaillon published in bulletin Nr 2 of GNEOVNI.

[Ref. jsr1:] JEAN SIDER:

Jean Sider refers to Michel Figuet and indicates that on October 22, 1954 at 03:30 P.M. in the wood of Lewarde, department of North, Casimir Stawski was busy collecting chestnuts 300 meters of the road which goes from Roucourt to Erclin, and approximately 120 meters of the edge of the wood of Lewarde.

His attention was suddenly drawn by a noise, and worrying about it, he noticed in the middle of a thicket a being which may have been of 1 meter 10 height, of strong stoutness, whose body was entirely covered with hairs; its nose seemed flattened at the base like that of a boxer. He carried a kind of cap on the head, and there was as a pad around its face, whose long hairs hung.

This being held in two sort of tubes or metal stems of thirty centimetres length approximately in its glowin hands. When it tried to approach the witness, this one was so much frightened that he fled without seeking to learn more.

Jean Sider also notes that Jacques Vallée, in his catalogue, spelled the name of the witness "Starovski."

[Ref. lhh1:] LARRY HATCH - "*U* COMPUTER DATABASE":

4245: 1954/10/22 15:30 3 3:10:00 E 50:20:00 N 3333 WEU FRN NRD 9:4

ERCHIN WOOD S/LEWARDE,FR:MINER:SML FURRY OID W/BROWN SKULLCAP:NO UFO SEEN

Ref# 30 FIGEUT[sic]&RUCHON: OVNI: Le 1er Dossier Page No. 195 : TOWN &CITY

[Ref. goe1:] GODELIEVE VAN OVERMEIRE:

The Belgian ufologist indicates that in 1954, on October 22, in France in Lewarde, "In the wood of Erchin Casimir Starovsk met at 15:30, a strange being, of small size, which had a bulky silhouette, large oblique eyes and the body covered of fur."

The sources are noted "Anatomy 143", "Jacques Vallée: 'Chronique des apparitions ET' - DENOEL 1972 - J'AI LU COLL. - p. 280" with the note: "dating the cae at October 14".

Another version is given: "completely covered with hair, oval eyes, the white leaving the orbits considerably. Nose crushed at the base. It had a kind of cap on the head with a pad around the face, from where very long hair escaped. It did not seem to have fingers and its gleaming and closed hands held two "metal stems" of 30 cm approximately. Casimir Stawski heard a noise of broken branches: he then sees in the middle of a shining thicket two tubes like nickel. He approaches and distinguishes then the fawn-coloured man, then the humanoid; which approaches without speech. Casimir flees as fast as possible."

The source for this is noted "M. FIGUET/ J.L. RUCHON: 'Ovni, Premier dossier complet...' Alain Lefeuvre pub. 1979, p. 195.

[Ref. jrr1:] JEAN-PAUL RONECKER:

The author indicates that on October 14, 1954, close to Lewarde, miner Casimir Starovski met a being of small size, with a thick silhouette, large oblique eyes and a body covered of fur.

[Ref. ars1:] ALBERT ROSALES:

161.

Location. Leward-Erchin France

Date: October 14 1954

Time: 1530

Miner, Casimir Starovski, met in a country road a strange being of small height and bulky figure with large slanted eyes and a fur covered body. The midget, less than four feet tall, had a large head and wore a brown skullcap, with formed a fillet a few inches above the eyes. The eyes protruded, with very small irises, the nose was flat, and the lips were thick and red. The witness did not claim to have seen the creature emerge from a flying saucer or reenter it. He just happened to meet the strange being, which did not wear any kind of respiratory device. Before he could think of stopping him, the creature had disappeared.

Humcat 1954-95

Source: Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia

Type: E

[Ref. gbo1:] JAVIER GARDIA BLANCO:

The author indicates that on 14 [sic] October 1954 a miner named Starovski assured that he had lived an extraordinary encounter near Erchin in northern France. He found himself confronted by a chunky little being with oblique eyes and a body covered with hair. What was curious is that the witness saw no object, he only described his encounter with a strange being.

[Ref. dcn1:] DOMINIQUE CAUDRON:

Anyway, it is often enough to go to the true sources to understand. For example the "Martian" of the wood of Erchin seen by Casimir Stawski from Lewarde, was never anything else than a tramp nicknamed "capote." The residents of the area knew it, besides, like those which went to invesitgate on the premises have noted.

[Ref. jdt1:] JEAN-PIERRE D'HONDT:

This ufologist indicates that on October 22, 1954, in Lewarde, the Nord, a case probably identified took place, but put in his catalogue for information, the source being LDLN 103 of December 1969 page 5.

On Friday, October 22, 1954 towards 15:30, Mr. Casimir Stawski, miner, collected chesnuts at approximately 120 meters of the edge of the wood of Lewarde and at approximately 300 meters of the road of Roucourt to Erchin, 59, when he heard a noise of broken branch. He then saw in the middle of a thicket two tubes shining like nickel. He initially thought of the rifle of the forrester guard and thought of hiding, then thought that he does not do anything wrong and he approached and distinguished a being of strong stoutness of small size completely covered of hairs of fawn color. Oval eyes seeming to get out of their sockets, nose crushed like that of a boxer. He had a kind of cap on the head with a pad around the face from where long hairs came out and he seemed to have powerful hands holding two metal stems of 30 cm approximately. This being approached the witness without speaking, then Casimir Stawski was frightened and fled at full speed.

The sources are said to be the newspapers "La Voix du Nord" for 27-10-54 Douai issue, "Nord Matin" for 27-10-54 Douai issue, "La croix du Nord" for 27-10-54, "Nord Eclair" for 27-10-54, and Bulletin du GNEOVNI N° 2.

The author adds that following the publication of this case in the GNEOVNI bulletin "Recherches Ufologiques" #2, one of its readers, Mr. Boulogne from Marchiennes in the 59, he forwarded a mail specifying that at the time he was in the area of Sin-le-Noble/Dechy in the 59 where Mr. Stawski was honourably known. But at the same time, in the wood of Lewarde in a hut, lived one of these odd characters, semi-eccentric, semi-philosopher, who are the hosts of many villages. The one from Lewarde was called "Capote" ["Hood"]. He was dressed very strangely and his clothing was often enough surprising and incredible for a human being and he did not neglect substantial poaching.

One evening in a coffee shop, this strange character speaking about the "Stawski affair", stated: "I do not understand that he was so afraid of me!" And Mr. Boulogne concluded that according to him "Capuche" only rarely reading the newspapers, was unaware of the wave of UFO sightings which occurred in this end of year 1954 in the area. The author notes that this information makes it possible to probably eliminate the "Stawski affair" from their file.

[Ref. jbu1:] JEROME BEAU:

Thursday, October 14, 1954

Near Erchin (France), Starovski encounter.

No source is given.

Thursday, October 14, 1954

15:30 In Lewarde (France), in the wood of Erchin, Casimir Starovski (miner) meets 1 strange being, of small size, with a bulky silhouette, with large oblique eyes and the body covered of fur.

Jérome Beau indicates as source "Vallée, Anatomy 143".

[Ref. jbu2:] JEROME BEAU:

Examples of testimonies reporting hairy beings

[... Other cases... ]

Lewarde on October 14, 1954

[... Other cases... ]

[Ref. lcn1:] LUC CHASTAN:

Luc Chastan indicates that in the Nord in Lewarde on October 22, 1954 at 15:30 "The witness collects sweet chestnuts at 120 m of the edge of the wood of Lewarde and at 300 m of the road of Roucourt to Erchin, when he hears a noise of broken branches; he then sees in the middle of a thicket two tubes, shining like nickel. He thinks initially it is the rifle of the gamekeeper and thinks of hiding, then thinking that he does nothing wrong, he approaches and distinguishes a fawn-coloured mane, then a humanoid being of strong stoutness one meter ten tall approximately, completely covered with hairs. Oval eyes, the white leaving the orbits considerably. The nose appeared crushed at the base like that of a boxer. Ie had a kind of cap on the head, with a pad around the face, from which escaped very long hairs. It did not seem to have fingers and its gleaming and closed hands held two 'metal stems' of 30 cm approximately. This being approaches the witness without speech. Then the latter, frightened, flees as fast as possible."

Luc Chastan indicates that the source is "Ovni, Premier dossier complet... par Figuet M./ Ruchon J.L. ** éd. Alain Lefeuvre 1979."

[Ref. djn2:] DONALD JONHSON:

Donald Johnson indicates that on October 14, 1954, "at 3:30 p.m. in the Erchin Wood in Lewarde, northern France a miner named Casimir Starovski met a short bulky figure with large slanted eyes. Its body was covered with fur. It also had a flat nose and thick lips."

The sources are noted as "Jacques Vallee, Anatomy of a Phenomenon, p. 143; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia, case # 252; David F. Webb & Ted Bloecher, HUMCAT: Catalogue of Humanoid Reports, case # A0301."

[Ref. prn2:] PETER ROGERSON:

October 22 1954. 1530hrs.

LEWARDE (NORD : FRANCE)

A miner, Casimir Starovki, was about to enter Erchin Forest 700m north west of Erchin Village, when he saw, 4m away, a being about 1.2m tall, with a large head, protruding slit eyes, which had a very small iris, a flat nose and thick red lips. The thing was wearing skull cap, from under which long hair hung down to its shoulders. Its body was bulky and covered with fur. Before Casimir could think of stopping it, it had disappeared.

Vallee Case 252.
Vallee 1966a, p.143.
Vallee 1969, p1.8.
Heiden citing Carrouges 1967 p.252.
Vallee in FSR 10, 1, p.10.
Alain Gamard citing Nord Éclair + Nord Matin + La Voix du Nord + La Croix du Nord all of 27 October 1954 + La Croix du Nord 24 October 1954 (this later source says being spoke in an unknown language, and that Casimir saw four other beings inside a (landed) object)

[Ref. nip1:] "THE NICAP WEBSITE":

*Oct. 14, 1954 - At 3:30 p.m. in Erchin Wood in Lewarde, Nord department, France Casimir Starovski, a miner, met a strange being of small height and bulky figure with large slanted eyes. Its body was covered with fur. Its nose was flat, and it had thick lips. (Sources: Jacques Vallee, Anatomy of a Phenomenon, p. 143; Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia, case # 252; David F. Webb & Ted Bloecher, HUMCAT: Catalogue of Humanoid Reports, case # A0301)

[Ref. tai1:] "THINK ABOUT IT" WEBSITE:

Location: Leward-Erchin France

Date: October 14 1954

Time: 1530

Miner, Casimir Starovski, met in a country road a strange being of small height and bulky figure with large slanted eyes and a fur covered body. The midget, less than four feet tall, had a large head and wore a brown skullcap, with formed a fillet a few inches above the eyes. The eyes protruded, with very small irises, the nose was flat, and the lips were thick and red. The witness did not claim to have seen the creature emerge from a flying saucer or reenter it. He just happened to meet the strange being, which did not wear any kind of respiratory device. Before he could think of stopping him, the creature had disappeared.

Source: Jacques Vallee, Passport to Magonia 252

[Ref. jgz1:] JULIEN GONZALEZ:

The author indicates that there was a false close encounter of the third type at Bois de Lewarde, North, on October 22, 1954, at 3:30 pm:

A miner, Mr. Casimir Stawski, was collecting chestnuts at the edge of Lewarde Wood when he met a small being, with a large corpulence body completely covered with fawn-colored hairs. Oval eyes seemed to come out of the sockets, the nose was crushed like a boxer, he had a kind of cap on the head with a rim around the forehead from which long hairs emerged and it seemed to have powerful hands holding two metal rods of about 30 cm. This being approached the witness without speaking, which frightened him so he fled at full speed.

The sources are indicated as La Voix du Nord, Douai issue, for October 27, 1954; Nord Matin, Douai issue, for October 27, 1954; La Croix du Nord for October 27, 1954; Nord Eclair for October 27, 1954; Michel Figuet and Jean-Louis Ruchon, "OVNI: le premier dossier complet des rencontres rapprochées en France", page 195; Jean Sider, "Le dossier 1954 et l'imposture rationaliste", page 215.

Julien Gonzalez indicates that in fact, following the publication of this case in the Bulletin of the GNEOVNI Recherches Ufologiques #2, a reader, Mr. Boulogne of Marchiennes, sent a letter informing us that at the time he was attending the region of Sin-le-Noble / Dechy where Mr. Stawski was honorably known. But at the same time lived in the wood of Lewarde in a cabin, one of those strange, half-wacky, half-philosopher characters; which are the prerogative of many villages. The one of Lewarde was called "Capote". He dressed very strangely and his outfit was often quite surprising and unlikely for a human being and he did not disdain substantial poaching. One night in a cafe, this strange character talking about the "Stawski affair" said: "I do not understand that he was so afraid of me!". Mr. Boulogne concluded that, according to him, "Capote" reading the newspapers was unaware of the wave of UFO sightings that occurred at the end of 1954 in the region, and that this information presumably "aloes to identify" the "Stawski affair".

Julien Gonzalez indicates that the source of this explanation is a personal communication of Mr. Jean-Pierre d'Hondt of September 3, 2010.

[Ref. dcn2:] DOMINIQUE CAUDRON:

Dominique Caudron, a "skeptical" ufologist in the Nord, indicates that several catalogs, including "one century of landings" by Jacques Vallée, mention the encounter of a Polish miner, Casimir S... (the spelling of his name varies depending on the source), with a scary, furry little being, who is interpreted as a "ufonaut", a UFO occupant.

He intends to show that no Polish miner named Casimir has ever seen an ufonaut, that there are in fact two Casimir S., one having seen a true false ufonaut, a being that really existed but was not an ufonaut, and the other a false true ufonaut, a being who would have been a ufonaute if it had existed.

It indicates that Gérard Barthel and Jacques Brucker, in "La grande peur martienne", Nouvlles Editions Rationalistes, Paris 1979, p. 78, wrote: "The newspaper 'La Croix du Nord' of 24 October 1954 reported the misadventure a Polish miner, Mr. Casimir S... He also met one of our hairy brothers coming from outside space, even better! "The latter spoke to him in a language resembling Chinese, but from the day when Casimir had been chatting with this 'ouranian',... he became a billiard champion."

He mentions the following problem with the version of Barthel and Brucker: in his October 24, 1954 edition, La Croix du Nord did not speak of a furry man from outer space; the article of La Croix du Nord, edition of Lille, October 24, 1954, page 4, said in fact:

Casimir's saucer

Four Martians came to shake hands with a Somainian and spoke to him... in Chinese.

The Ostrevent area has been in turmoil since last Friday at 7:30 p.m.: a flying saucer landed on the Douai National Road and there were four occupants in it. The name of the "spectator" being quoted, we went to see him

This is Casimir Szymura, a miner in the pit of Sainte-Marie, residing at Ecaillon, rue des hallots, 125.

Here is what he says:

On Friday, around 7:15 p.m., I was riding a motorcycle on the national road from Douai to Valenciennes, on the territory of Ecaillon, when I saw a highly illuminated craft in the shape of a submarine.

As we approached this machine, my motorcycle stopped suddenly. I could see inside four occupants of small size and furnitures. One of them went out and approached me: he shook my hand, the top of his head came to my shoulder. Needless to say, I was very frightened, especially since I did not understand what he said "it was like Chinese" and moreover I was dazzled by the clarity of the craft. This lasted a few minutes. The occupant reinstated the saucer which flew away at a dizzying pace.

Dominique Caudron shows that there is absolutely no words of hairy being here; but three days later, another article of the same paper mentioned another Casimir, also a Polish minor, who had seen a hairy being, but this time without a saucer and without speaking Chinese:

Casimir (No. 2) saw Martians without a saucer in Lewarde

They have globular eyes, a tawny mane and no fingers.

All the mothers of Lewarde said yesterday to their children:

"You will not go to the wood again!"

It is not the great wolf that they fear, but the wood these days has very curious connections.

Judge for yourselves

A good miner, Casimir Stawski, 33, of the City of the Niveau, had gone Monday afternoon to stock up chestnuts.

Why did he take it fear and flight, at the speed of a running champion?

We shall soon know by listening to his narrative, but let it be pointed out that he leaped at once into the secretary of the mayor's office, who alerted the gendarmes to the Bois de Lewarde, a night which would have been much more beneficial to them with the head on a soft pillow.

But let's listen to Mr. Stawski:

- "I was in the wood, I saw two shiny tubes, I thought at first that it was the guns of the guard forester.

But I soon perceived that these tubes were in hands, and in the hands of which individual?

It was a being of a little more than a meter, his body was strong. His head, with slanting, globular eyes, emerging from the orbits, was surmounted by a sort of fawnish mane that descended on his shoulders. The body to the feet was entirely covered with hair. He wore a ruffle above his eyebrows. The hands were shiny and closed, with no fingers."

Dominique Caudron points out that the above article is from La Croix du Nord, for October 27, 1954, page 5. He comments:

Oh well! There were therefore two Casimirs, both Polish miners, who, a few kilometers distant, saw a mysterious being, immediately treated as "Martian" by the journalists.

The map contains the homes and places of observation of these Casimirs, namely:
1) Home of Casimir Stawski.
2) Place of observation of Casimir Stawski
3) Home of Casimir Sczymura.
4. Place of the alleged observation of Casimir Sczymura

He indicates that if Casimir Szymura's observation is narrated only by La Croix du Nord, that of Casimir Stawski is also narrated by La Voix du Nord, Douai edition, Nord Matin, Douai edition, and Nord Eclair. The newspapers gave other information:

Without his saucer....

A "Martian" was walking in the wood of Lewarde

...

The other afternoon, at 03:30 p.m., he was in the wood of Lewarde, located 300 m from the road from Roucourt to Erchin.

At 120 meters from the edge of the wood, he quietly picked up chestnuts, when he perceived two tubes shining like nickel, projecting from a thicket. Mr. Stawski thought that the guard had been in ambush, and hid behind a tree. Then he thought that he was doing nothing wrong, and left his hiding-place to advance. He then saw a kind of mane and thought he was dealing with a beast or an old vagabond.

He gives the source as La Voix du Nord, Douai edition, October 27, 1954, page 5, and notes that the first impression of the witness is and that it was a vagabond; which is the right explanation, as he will show.

He then gives a copy of the article of Nord Matin, edition of Douai, October 27, 1954, page 4:

IN LEWARDE (NEAR DOUAI) A fantastic being, hairy, with strange eyes...

The gendarmerie, serving the Commune of Lewarde (near Douai), received the testimony of a mine worker, Casimir Stawski, 33, who resides at the cité du Niveau, 31, at Sin-le-Noble. He stated:

Last Friday at about 3:30 p.m., I found myself in the Lewarde wood to look for chestnut trees that were abundant, and I was lowered to pick up when suddenly I heard a sound of broken branches a few meters from me. I stood up and to my amazement I saw at a distance of 10 meters a kind of human being of small size - 1 meter to 1 meter 10 - but of very large body. And he was completely covered with hairs as if he had a brown fur, his eyes were oval and the white sprung considerably from the sockets, the nose seemed crushed at the base like that of a boxer, with a kind of cap on his head, with a bead around the forehead of which very long hairs escaped, which gave him the appearance of possessing a mane. He did not appear to have fingers but solid hands in which he held two brilliant iron rods about 30 centimeters. He had no shoes, but his feet were covered with hair. He did not speak to me and I was horrified, I fled to Bugnicourt."

A farmer did indeed see Mr. Stawski running scared.

He then explains his investigation, on March 2, 1979, at various administrations and various persons:

He discovered that at the mayor's office of Aniche neither Casimir Stawski nor Casimir Sczymura were registered on the electoral lists of the time, but that Casimir was confirmed to be a common name among the Poles.

At the police station of Aniche there is no file on Casimir Stawski, nor Casimir Sczymura, but it has been confirmed that to pick up chestnuts, it is indeed in Lewarde wood that one must go.

At the town hall of Ecaillon, the Mayor's secretary, who had been there since 1951, remembers the Sczymura affair and confirmed to him on the evening of March 2, 1979, that the witness had died.

Casimir Sczymura was born on February 16, 1912, in Germany, and died in 1972 in Douai. Mr. Sczymura's address given by the newspaper is correct. According to the secretary, Casimir Sczymura often passed by the national road from Douai to Aniche. The secretary knew him, described him as a brave man, an old bachelor, who would often play cards in Aniche's cafes, and had imagination. He remembers thinking about a joke at the time.

For the observation of Casimir Stawski, Dominique Caudron was able to question Mrs Stawski, who had given him a lot of unpublished information: she had an emotional memory of her late husband whose picture showed a man with a hard working look, with a very straight moustache, and not at all the looks of a joker or a timorous person.

Ms Stawski told Dominique Caudron that Casimir Stawski was born in 1921 in Poland, and lived in 31, cité du niveau, in Sin le Noble. Excellent father and strong nature, he was a pigeon fancier in a Dechy association and well known in Sin le Noble. Miner, he went to work at 4 o'clock in the morning and returned home about 1:30 p.m. In October 1954, he left almost every day to pick up chestnuts.

Ms. Stawski confirmed the newspaper's account. Mr. Stawski seeing the being approached found himself "electrified". He ran away without even realizing that he had lost a shoe en route although it was a lace-up shoe. When he reached the house, it was his wife who made him notice this; he was disturbed and spoke in hurried words. When he reached his house, he had his throat so tight that he could barely swallow the coffee his wife had served him. Mr. Stawski saw a doctor who found him concussed.

As soon as his observation was known, many friends came to make him tell his observation, which made him very uncomfortable because he no longer wanted to think about it. He no longer set foot in the woods of Lewarde and was so frightened for a while that one night he needed half an hour before opening to his own wife. He was suffering from sleep disorders for almost a month to a month and a half, and his watch was no longer working. The jeweler declaring it irreparable, he wore it no more, although it was new. The jeweler could not open the case of the watch which was like welded. Casimir Stawski died on September 19, 1974.

Mr. Stawski would have heard a loud noise of a propeller, and seen an object land and a little being descend, dressed in a bright garment, and approach him.

He then gives the explanation of the observation of Casimir Stawski, noting that ufologists are used to copying one another without going back to the sources closest to the case:

In 1969, Jacques Vallée cites himself, with his "Anatomy of a Phenomenon" of 1965, where he does not give his source.

In 1963, Michel Carrouges, gave as source "Paris Presse", which only copied a regional newspaper.

He notes that if these ufologists had consulted the weekly edition of the local newspaper, Douai Scarpe, October 31, 1954, page 2, they would have found this:

The Martian was only a tramp.

There was a great stir around the appearance of a Martian in the wood of Lewarde.

This phenomenon has found its explanation... down to earth.

The Martian was only a tramp, well known in the region, as far as Waziers.

The phantasmagoric being who frightened Mr. Casimir, the chestnut collector, was hairy because he had lost his razor in the galleys.

Another saucer... broken.

He notes that this explanation is confirmed 24 years later by a letter addressed to the GNEOVNI on July 15, 1978, by a reader of the bulletin who used to frequent the Lewarde region at the time:

"A simple man, not being favored by life and bearing the name or nickname of CAPOTE, living in a shack in Lewarde, once said in a cafe in Lewarde, speaking about this incident: "I do not understand why he was afraid of me." It must be said that our simple Capote was sometimes clothed with the most unlikely objects, this story no longer makes anyone laugh and the elders of Lewarde can confirm this anecdote.

Caudron indicates that this explanation is also clarified by Mr. Henneuse, whom he interrogated on the evening of March 2, 1979. He was a guard and investigating officer at Lewarde since 1955, living at Lewarde at the time and confirming that he knows the story of the tramp taken for a Martian. The tramp was named Henri Foveau, and lived with another ragman named Hary, nicknamed "capote," who himself lived in a shack. Mr. Foveau was later nicknamed "the Martian". Mr. Henneuse did not recall Stawski, but it may be normal as he was in Lewarde only since 1955, when the "Martian" still lived there, but Casimir Stawski had not been there since then his adventure.

He notes that, unlike Mr. Henneuse, Mrs. Stawski, who lived in Sin le Noble, and not Lewarde, never seems to have heard of the explanation by a tramp.

Dominique Caudron comments that this misunderstanding is ultimately very interesting in light of the symptoms associated with UFO sightings. Here, at the sight of a simple tramp, dressed in a heterogeneous manner, the panicked witness runs away without even realizing that he has lost a shoe, his throat is tight, he is shocked, loosed sleep for more than a month, his watch no longer functions. All these symptoms are found in the observations of supposedly real ufonauts.

He indicates that the witness reconstructs his observation later,...

with a landing craft, and a shiny little being, while we know in detail the description of the being he saw, both by the newspapers of the time, and by the fact that the pseudo-Martian was known. Yet no ufologist came to stuff his head with saucer stories. The mere fact of talking with friends, who knew what the press had said about the many landings of the time, might have sufficed.

He adds that for the different versions of the Stawski case according to the ufologists, one can consult the website of Patrick Gross (this page).

He adds that few ufologists mention the tramp, although this explanation was provided by a newspaper as early as October 31, 1954.

On the other hand, he mentions the explanation by an owl, an hypothesis that could account for the appearance of the top of the head, but not the hairy body, and hands holding two shiny tubes. Moreover, it is odd that the witness did not recognize an owl at less than 10 meters away and in broad daylight, especially since the owls are rather nocturnal.

[Note: this is a possibility that I had mentioned in this page initially, with, in my Explanations section: "Not looked for yet. Ccould be the tramp reported by D. Caudron, or an owl. The description corresponds in an absolutely confusing way with one of these birds... There is no UFO."]

For the observation of Casimir Sczymura, he indicates that it was a hoax; that the secretary of the town hall of Ecaillon, who knew the witness, thought of a joke.

He says that, in fact, this joyous bachelor added to his story:

Lately, some of his friends, who were rather skeptical, had gathered to hear his narrative. He performed with good grace. The Martian's handshake electrified me, he said, and gave me a vigor, a vivacity of mind that make me now another man. Here, for example, in pool, from the decent player I was, I became unbeatable.

Challenges came forth, and for a few hours Casimir played like a great champion. His good friend, whose name we shall mention, was the only one who beat him.

He indicates the source of the above: Nord Matin, edition of Douai, November 7, 1954, page 4.

He comments that Casimir Sczymura had improved on pool, but not to the point of being invincible; it could be the effect of the confidence in him that gave him his aura of privileged witness.

He notes that the account of his observation does not stand up: first his description of a submarine-shaped object, in which, although dazzled by the clarity of the craft, the witness sees four occupants and the furniture, is unbelievable. Then the observation would have taken place for several minutes on the road from Douai to Valenciennes, without being interrupted by the passage of a vehicle, as nobody else reports this luminous machine. Dominique Caudron says he went to the scene at the same hour to count the vehicles that passed, and there were several dozens a minute; it is therefore unlikely that the road was deserted for several minutes.

Finding that the alleged observation of Casimir Sczymura is as inconsistent as it is impossible, unlike that of Casimir Stawski, he concludes that this story is obviously invented.

He observes that, not content with believing this story, Jean Sider, in "Le dossier 1954 and l'imposture rationaliste", Ramuel, 1997, page 216, imagines it is even richer:

"This case remains interesting insofar as it implies a possible change in the behavior of the witness, and a relative improvement in his physical and mental state. This observation may give the idea that this CE3 actually conceals a CE4, in other words: an "Abduction", or experience of "kidnapping" type."

Dominique Caudron comments:

Yeah right! That cheerful bachelor would not have said it all. He would have concealed that he had been kidnapped into the saucer. Good old Jean Sider...

[Ref. ubk1:] "UFO-DATENBANK":

This database recorded this case ten times instead of one:

Case Nr. New case Nr. Investigator Date of observation Zip Place of observation Country of observation Hour of observation Classification Comments Identification
19540914 14.09.1954 Erchin France
19541014 14.10.1954 Bois Erchin France CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Erchin Forest France 15.30 CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Erchin Bois France 15.30 CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Erchin France CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Lewarde France 15.30 CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Lewarde France 15.30 CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Lewarde France 15.30 CE III
19541014 14.10.1954 Lewarde France
19541027 27.10.1954 Lewarde France CE III

[Ref. prn3:] PETER ROGERSON - "INTCAT":

October 22 1954. 1530hrs.

ERCHIN, LEWARDE (NORD :FRANCE)

A miner, Casimir Starovk [sic], or Stawski was picking chestnuts about 120m from Erchin Forest 700m and 300m from the road, north west of Erchin Village, when he heard a branch break then saw the glint of metal tubes He thought it was a gamekeeper and hid, 4m away, a being about 1.1m tall, with a large head, protruding slit eyes, which had a very small iris, a flat nose and thick red lips. The thing was wearing skull cap with a beaded front, from under which long hair hung down to its shoulders. Its body was bulky and covered with fur. It was carrying two metal rods Before Casimir could think of stopping it, it had disappeared or Cssimir fled.

Vallee Case 252

Vallee 1966a p14

Heiden citing Carrouges 1967 p252

Vallee in FSR 10,1 p10

Alain Gamard citing Nord Éclair + Nord Matin + La Voix du Nord + La Croix du Nord all of 27 October 1954.+ La Croix du Nord 24 October 1954.(this later source says being spoke in an unknown language, and that Casimir saw four other beings inside a (landed) object

Fouguet and Ruchon 1979 p195 citing La Voix du Nord + Nord Matin + Nord Éclair all 27 October 1954. + GNEOVNI2

Sider 1997 p215

J. pD'Hondt [sic] citing Lumieres dans le [sic] Nuit 103 p5

Evaluation - Rather a confused story, perhaps a misperception of a local tramp out dowsing, or even an owl

[Ref. dcn5:] DOMINIQUE CAUDRON:

No hairy Martians in 1954

We wonder today, how, if the occupants of the flying saucer were supposed to be Martians, one could accept as Martians beings who were entirely hairy, when we expected to see landed beings in spacesuits.

This is to forget that in 1954, "Martian" was a generic term to designate all the extraordinary beings that one may meet, just like "flying saucer" was another generic term to designate any mysterious celestial object.

On the other hand, journalists, who favored sensational information, more easily publicized these stories of incredible Martians, of which they did not believe a word. A spaceship pilot would have been less successful.

On the other hand, the first "saucerists" (on did not say ufologists at the time), did not disdain to also collect these testimonies of hairy Martians. After all, they were part of the wave, and, even in [sic, without] spacesuits, "Martians" were no less fantastic.

[...]

So this was nothing to laugh about. The mustached-hairy-furry Martians were part of the problem of flying saucers. Their observations were therefore examined, along with those of the other saucer pilots, later baptized "ufonauts"

Let's see the observations retained by Michel Carrouges:

[... other cases...]

Stawsky, in Lewarde (North), 27 Oct 1954,

[... other cases...]

This is the funniest part of our problem. Admitting the Martian if it is beardless or even presented in cellophane, but bearded, no, it's too much.

The fact is that the notion of a bearded "Martian", if it is not entirely incompatible with the wearing of a diving suit, seems out of harmony with it. Even under transparency, hairiness is not in the foreground and should not remain major in the impression of the witness.

[... Caudron presents various "classification of ufonauts types" by ufologists..., and:]

But these classifications are quite arbitrary, and each new observation reveals a type which is never strictly identical to an already known type. It is only possible to classify these types of saucer occupants, or ufonautes, into families. In 1979, Alain Gamard already listed 2500 cases and Eric Zurcher could only classify the types into 8 groups, each comprising variants, except group 3 reserved for ufonauts covered with hair.

In fact this group is extremely specific. From 1975 Jean Giraud remarks:

In the middle of dozens of apparitions of humanoids roughly equally distributed between two types, eight descriptions existed which did not integrate at all with the rest of the phenomenon, but which nevertheless constituted one perfectly coherent set. A set so coherent that it seemed difficult to refute despite its clearly grand-guignolesque appearance. It was the "Hairy Martian" type which appeared in the following circumstances.

[... other cases...]

[... other cases...]

14/10/54 Lewarde (Nord)...

[... other cases...]

(INFO OVNI n ° 0, April 1975, seventh page)

[...

So let's take a closer look at this group ["Hairy Martians"]. We will summarize the French cases presented by Carrouges, by Giraud and by Zurcher (whether they are supposed to be true or false)

Date Time Witness Control
[... other cases...]
10/22/1954 3:30 p.m. Lewarde (59) Casimir Stawski
[... other cases...]

[... other cases...]

We will see that on analysis, that there is not one case to redeem the other. As usual, the ufologists copied each other, and the first sources used were not the local newspapers.

[...]

No Martian in Lewarde.

[Clickable button leading to source [dcn2] above.]

For the Lewarde affair, a number of ufologists engaged on the quotation from the catalog of Jacques Vallée, yet there too the explanation was already in the press of the time: The Martian was only a tramp.

And besides, at Lewarde itself, everyone knew it. However, it should be noted that the solution was only found in the local edition of a weekly newspaper, so that only an exhaustive search by the press could find it.

Nevertheless, an on-site investigation revealed the plot.

[...

After having noted that none of these observations allows to conclude on the objective existence of hairy ufonauts, we can conclude that type 6 of Pereira, which is group 3 of Zurcher, is illusory, and in practice, empty.

[...]

Explanations:

See [dcn2], [dcn5]:

Actually two affairs, one hoax and one mistake.

Keywords:

(These keywords are only to help queries and are not implying anything.)

Lewarde, Pas-de-Calais, bois d'Erchin, bois, forest, wood, miner, Casimir Starovski, being, humanoid, owl, animal, furry, fur, eyes

Sources:

[----] indicates sources which I have not yet checked.

Document history:

Version: Created/Changed by: Date: Change Description:
0.1 Patrick Gross December 21, 2005 First published.
1.0 Patrick Gross January 14, 2010 Conversion from HTML to XHTML Strict. First formal version. Additions [goe1], [jdt1], [lcn1].
1.1 Patrick Gross February 28, 2010 Addition [djn2].
1.2 Patrick Gross July 3, 2010 Additions [jve6], [jve7].
1.3 Patrick Gross October 30, 2011 Addition [jbu2].
1.4 Patrick Gross August 14, 2013 Addition [prn1].
1.5 Patrick Gross September 17, 2014 Additions [gqf1], [nip1].
1.6 Patrick Gross October 9, 2014 Addition [tai1].
1.7 Patrick Gross December 3, 2016 Addition [ubk1].
1.8 Patrick Gross February 17, 2017 Additions [gbo1], [jpa1], [jgz1], [dcn2]. Explanations changed, were "Not looked for yet. A tramp according to D. Caudron. Could well have been an owl. The description stunningly fits in with a description of this bird. There is no UFO."
1.9 Patrick Gross December 28, 2018 Additions [jve5], [ioi1], [prn1], [dcn3], [mft1], [lhh1], [prn2].
2.0 Patrick Gross January 25, 2020 Additions [mcs1], [gni1], [gni2], [pft1], [agd1], [cnu1], [cnu2], [dcn5], Summary.
2.1 Patrick Gross March 10, 2020 Addition [dse1].
2.1 Patrick Gross March 22, 2020 Addition [ner1].
2.2 Patrick Gross May 3, 2020 Addition [nmn1].

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